Incompressible Flow Computations Around Vehicle Bodies Using Unstructured Hybrid Grids
A hybrid unstructured Navier-Stokes method is presented for the simulation of the incompressible turbulent flows around vehicle bodies. The hybrid grid system is composed of a structured or semistructured grid for the near-wall viscous region, and an unstructured grid for the remainder of the computational domain. By using prismatic cells, the number of cells in the boundary-layer region becomes approximately one-third of the tetrahedral grid. And the laminated grid rather than the tetrahedral grid is more suitable in the boundary-layer region for accurately computing the viscous terms. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are solved on the hybrid grid by a cell-vertex, central differencing finite volume method. The numerical accuracy of the present method is discussed by comparing with the experimental data for the cases of flows around a car model at different ground clearances.