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Technical Paper

Design and Development of a Parallel Hybrid Powertrain for a High Performance Sport Utility Vehicle

2005-10-24
2005-01-3827
A plug-in, charge-depleting, parallel hybrid powertrain has been developed for a high performance sport utility vehicle. Based on the Ford U152 Explorer platform, implementation of the hybrid powertrain has resulted in an efficient, high performance vehicle with a 0-60 mph acceleration time of 7.5 seconds. A dual drive system allows for four-wheel drive capability while optimizing regenerative braking and minimizing electric motor cogging losses. Design of the system focused on reducing petroleum use, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, and reducing criteria tailpipe emissions. Additionally, this vehicle has been designed as a partial zero emissions vehicle (PZEV), allowing the driver to travel up to 50 miles in a zero emission all-electric mode. High-energy traction battery packs can be charged from the grid, yielding higher efficiencies and lower critical emissions, or maintained through the internal combustion engine (ICE) as with a traditional hybrid vehicle.
Technical Paper

Compressed Hydrogen Storage for Fuel Cell Vehicles

2001-08-20
2001-01-2531
Near term (ca. 2005) Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) will primarily utilize Direct-Hydrogen Fuel Cell (DHFC) systems. The primary goal of this study was to provide an analytical basis for including a realistic Compressed Hydrogen Gas (CHG) fuel supply simulation within an existing dynamic DHFC system and vehicle model. The purpose of this paper is to provide a tutorial describing the process of modeling a hydrogen storage system for a fuel cell vehicle. Three topics were investigated to address the delivery characteristics of H2: temperature change (ΔT), non-ideal gas characteristics at high pressures, and the maximum amount of hydrogen available due to the CHG storage tank effective “state-of-charge” (SOC) -- i.e. how much does the pressure drop between the tank and the fuel cell stack reduce the usable H2 in the tank. The Joule-Thomson coefficient provides an answer to the expected ΔT during expansion of the H2 from 5000 psi to 45 psi.
Technical Paper

Design and Vehicle Integration of an Advanced Zinc Bromine Battery

1995-08-01
951950
The zinc bromine battery is a high energy density sealed battery that utilizes a flowing electrolyte and low cost materials (predominantly plastic) and operates at ambient temperatures. The typical full scale specific energy for this bipolar plate battery is more then twice that of lead acid batteries. The engineering research presented in this paper is the design and construction of a high-voltage, zinc bromine battery for use in an electric vehicle. Specifically, a 390 volt system is being integrated into a US Electricar S10 light-duty truck. The research goal is to show a reliable and practical electrochemical power system that is lighter and provides a longer range and shorter recharge times than lead acid batteries. Results of this study will help determine the applicability and practicality of zinc bromine technology for electric vehicles.
Technical Paper

EV Battery Pack Life: Pack Degradation and Solutions

1995-08-01
951949
Several lead-acid battery packs of different manufacture and voltage were evaluated on a performance and life-cycle basis. The battery packs ranged from a small 36 volt laboratory pack to a 320 volt full size U.S. Electricar S-10 truck pack. The influence of the charge algorithm, ambient temperature, and module connection methods for parallel strings on the performance and cycle-life of this laboratory pack was studied. Finally, a survey of presently employed battery management techniques, used in three “production” electric vehicles, was conducted. A standard set of testing procedures for electric vehicle batteries, based on industry accepted testing procedures, were used in the evaluations. The battery packs were evaluated by a combination of constant current capacity tests, cyclical loading to simulate typical EV driving cycles and actual EV driving experience.
Technical Paper

Design and Development of the UC Davis FutureTruck

2002-03-04
2002-01-1210
The University of California, Davis FutureTruck team redesigned a 2000 Chevrolet Suburban as a Hybrid Electric Vehicle to meet the following goals: reduce fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions by 66%, increase vehicle fuel economy to double that of the stock Suburban, meet California's Super Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle standard, and qualify for substantial Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle credits in California. Sequoia meets these goals with an efficient powertrain, improved component systems, and an advanced control system. Sequoia utilizes two independent powertrains to provide Four-Wheel Drive and achieve stock towing capacity. The primary powertrain combines a 1.9L gasoline engine inline with a 75 kW brushless DC motor driving the rear wheels. This powertrain configuration is simple, compact, reliable, and allows flexibility in control strategy. The secondary powertrain employs a 75 kW brushless DC motor to drive the front differential.
Technical Paper

Design and Development of the 2002 UC Davis FutureTruck

2003-03-03
2003-01-1263
Yosemite is an advanced hybrid electric vehicle built on the Ford U152 Explorer platform. The University of California, Davis, FutureTruck team designed Yosemite to meet the following objectives: 1 Maximize vehicle energy efficiency 2 Minimize petroleum consumption 3 Reduce fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions 4 Achieve California Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (SULEV) target 5 Deliver class-leading performance The University of California, Davis FutureTruck team redesigned a 2002 Ford Explorer as a Hybrid Electric Vehicle to meet the following goals: reduce fuel cycle greenhouse gas emissions by 67%, double the fuel economy of a stock Explorer, meet California's Super Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle standard, and qualify for substantial Partial Zero Emissions Vehicle credits in California. Yosemite meets these goals with an efficient flexible fuel hybrid powertrain, improved component systems, and an advanced control system.
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