MPI Air/Fuel Mixing for Gaseous and Liquid LPG
This paper presents a parametric, experimental study of the performance of gas and liquid propane injection in a spark ignition, multi-point port injected (MPI) engine. An inline, six cylinder engine is used over a wide range of speeds and torques, and the air/fuel ratio, compression ratio and injection timing are all varied. The engine was mapped at the standard compression ratio of 9.65:1 with the original, gasoline MPI system, propane gas MPI, and single point, throttle body, propane gas injection. Gas and liquid propane MPI are then tested at a compression ratio of 11.7:1. Contour plots of thermodynamic efficiency and the specific emissions of HC, NOx, CO2 and CO over the torque/speed range are presented and compared. The results show significant differences in performance between gas and liquid propane MPI injection, as well as the MPI and throttle body gas injection.