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Technical Paper

Research on Noise Reduction of Linkage Drive Gear in Extended Expansion Linkage Engine

The authors have reported on a study on extended expansion linkage engine to enhance thermal efficiency since 2006. This report discusses the use of a test engine applied to a Micro Combined Heat and Power Generation Unit for household use, in order to reduce engine noise at a rated operation. Test engine noise is mainly caused by gear meshing for the multiple linkage system, so helical gear with higher contact ratio than that of spur gear was used. Measurement of engine noise revealed that test engine noise increased by 3.2 dB(A) over compared conventional engine. From results of behavior analysis by mechanical simulation, when transmission direction of the relative torque between the crankshaft and the eccentric shaft is reversed, the direction of the thrust force acting on the gear is reversed. For this reason, the test engine noise increases because each shaft vibrates, and rattle noise occurs.
Technical Paper

Research on Combustion Noise for Controlled Auto Ignition Engine Fueled with Natural Gas Effect of Stroke Bore Ratio and Ignition Timing

One of the issues involved in compression ignition combustion is the increase in combustion noise from engine mechanical systems caused by rapid combustion. When the fuel used is natural gas, with its high ignition temperature, the compression is increased relative to gasoline, so that combustion becomes even more rapid. The present research pursues the issue of noise by clarifying the distinctive features of combustion noise through tests focused on the two topics of stroke-bore ratio (S/B ratio) and ignition timing for engine structures deformation mode. From these results, we verified combustion noise trend and occurrence factor.