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Technical Paper

Software Validation a Vital Activity for a Mature Product Development Organization

Software is today one of the most important components of electronic products. The capture and validation of the requirements makes a difference if the product will fulfill the customer's expectations or generate enormous frustration. The correct implementation of software validation makes the Product Development Organization more mature and reliable. Software validation is an opportunity for the product development team to identify if the requirements and customer expectations were achieved. It is also used to identify the risks and possible improvements to the product. Software testing is one element of a brooder topic that is often referred to as verification and validation (V&V). Verification refers to the set of activities that ensure that software correctly implements a specific function. Validation refers to a different set of activities that ensure that the software that has been built is traceable to customer requirements.
Technical Paper

Design Review a Tool for Product Development Quality Assurance

Same of the more enticing and productive opportunities to a useful work in product assurance are those of influencing the design of a product. The primary concern of design assurance is preventing or correcting those design errors that lead to poor product integrity. One of the tools used by the development teams in many organizations is the Design Review. The impact in cost and quality is directly affected by the correct utilization of the tool.
Technical Paper

Virtual Key Life Tests of Instrument Panels for Product Development

Visteon has developed a CAE procedure to qualify instrument panel (IP) products under the vehicle key life test environments, by employing a set of CAE simulation and durability techniques. The virtual key life test method simulates the same structural configuration and the proving ground road loads as in the physical test. A representative dynamic road load profile model is constructed based on the vehicle proving ground field data. The dynamic stress simulation is realized by employing the finite element transient analysis. The durability evaluation is based on the dynamic stress results and the material fatigue properties of each component. The procedure has helped the IP engineering team to identify and correct potential durability problems at earlier design stage without a prototype. It has shown that the CAE virtual key life test procedure provides a way to speed up IP product development, to minimize prototypes and costs.
Technical Paper

A Virtual Testing Methodology for Automotive Concept Product Design

The process for accurately estimating product reliability early in the development process can be a difficult and costly task. Traditional methods like Reliability Prediction Models and Life Testing Strategies yield beneficial results when relative information is known about the product that is to be analyzed. When there is minimal information known (prior failure rates…) such a new concept design these above reliability methods have limitations. For these cases a Virtual Testing Strategies have proven to yield valuable results. This paper will demonstrate a reliability analysis procedure for a new automotive concept design. This analysis procedure composes of a mathematical model, model validation, parameter diagram, design of experiment (DOE), response surface, and optimization.
Technical Paper

Accelerated Useful Life Testing and Field Correlation Methods

The purpose of this paper is to present a common sense practical method for establishing and demonstrating reliability objectives. In particular, this paper will: describe an operational definition of “useful life”, describe an accelerated laboratory test procedure for demonstrating that products meet the useful life objective, and describe a method for demonstrating correlation between customer usage and laboratory testing.
Technical Paper

Analysis of Coatings Appearance and Durability Testing Induced Surface Defects Using Image Capture/Processing/Analysis

This paper describes the applicability of optical imaging techniques to the analysis of the scratch resistance of automotive interior plastic materials. The evaluation of so-called “finger testing” has traditionally relied upon human vision for detection of the initial scratch position. Commonly performed under uniform and defined illumination conditions, the relative contrast difference signified by whitening on a surface as determined by unaided human vision is a highly variable subjective perception; thus individual inspectors may determine the “whitening” point differently. This paper compares test data obtained from both visual and instrumental evaluation methods and discusses the advantages of optical imaging techniques for surface defect analysis.
Technical Paper

Design of Experiments Application (DOE) to Prevent Mechanical Noise in Power Rack & Pinion Steering Systems

Nowadays, ever market vehicle change affects body, suspension & steering gear systems. The purpose of this report is to quantify the methodology for evaluating and improving rattle mechanical noises in power rack & pinion steering systems. It is very important the correct process be used to adjust and approve the power steering gears in order to prevent the knock noise issue on services (warranty). This report describes how Visteon's Engineering makes efforts to achieve a reduction in warranty issues due to mechanical noise in the power steering gear, which affects its performance. We refer to this mechanical noise as “Knocking Noise” which derives from the gearing (meshing) adjustment loss. This experiment, supported by the Six Sigma methodology, led to new knowledge on how to improve the method of meshing adjust and test approval in process through of Design of Experiments (DOE).
Technical Paper

Treatment of Confidence levels When Allocating System Reliability Requirements

Reliability allocation of system objectives for Reliability validation purposes must account for Confidence levels. Misallocating Confidence levels can lead to unrealistic and unmanageable objectives, resulting in increased development times and associated costs. Therefore, it is necessary to correctly model both Reliability and Confidence levels. Unfortunately, modeling for anything more complex than the simplest pass/fail test criteria can become quite complex in a multi-component system. The easiest case to model is time-censored testing with no failures. But time-censored testing with no failures is just a small subset of all viable validation strategies. Given that the validation strategy for each component can be different, trying to isolate a single one-size-fits-all model is extremely difficult. For these complex scenarios, computer simulation provides the best approach to calculating true system performance.
Technical Paper

Localized Nonlinear Model of Plastic Air Induction Systems for Virtual Design Validation Tests

Plastic air induction system (AIS) has been widely used in vehicle powertrain applications for reduced weight, cost, and improved engine performance. Physical design validation (DV) tests of an AIS, as to meet durability and reliability requirements, are usually conducted by employing the frequency domain vibration tests, either sine sweep or random vibration excitations, with a temperature cycling range typically from -40°C to 120°C. It is well known that under high vibration loading and large temperature range, the plastic components of the AIS demonstrate much higher nonlinear response behaviors as compared with metal products. In order to implement a virtual test for plastic AIS products, a practical procedure to model a nonlinear system and to simulate the frequency response of the system, is crucial. The challenge is to model the plastic AIS assembly as a function of loads and temperatures, and to evaluate the dynamic response and fatigue life in frequency domain as well.
Technical Paper

Creating a Positive and Successful Experience for Black-Belt Candidates

For a first-time Black-Belt, many factors will determine the difference between success and failure, satisfaction and frustration. While some factors are affected by company policy, many are still within the control of the Black-Belt. Black-Belts can improve their chance for success by recognizing the opportunities and pitfalls going into the process, setting achievable goals, carefully scoping projects, and being prepared to work around obstacles.