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Standard

Protective Breathing Equipment for Flight Deck and Cabin Crew Members

2002-08-19
CURRENT
AIR825/10A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides general information to aircraft engineers, regarding the types of Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) configurations which are available, the intended functions of such equipment, and the technical approaches which may be used in accomplishing these functions. The term "PBE" or "Protective Breathing Equipment" has been used to refer to various types of equipment, which are used in a variety of applications. This way of using the terminology has been a source of confusion in the aviation industry. One objective of this AIR is to assist the reader in distinguishing between the types of PBE applications. A further objective is to assist in understanding the technical approaches which can be used in each of the major applications. Principles of PBE design are reviewed briefly.
Standard

Protective Breathing Equipment for Flight Deck and Cabin Crew Members

2002-02-04
HISTORICAL
AIR825/10
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides general information to aircraft engineers, regarding the types of Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) configurations which are available, the intended functions of such equipment, and the technical approaches which may be used in accomplishing these functions. The term "PBE" or "Protective Breathing Equipment" has been used to refer to various types of equipment, which are used in a variety of applications. This way of using the terminology has been a source of confusion in the aviation industry. One objective of this AIR is to assist the reader in distinguishing between the types of PBE applications. A further objective is to assist in understanding the technical approaches which can be used in each of the major applications. Principles of PBE design are reviewed briefly.
Standard

Guide for Evaluating Combustion Hazards in Aircraft Oxygen Systems

2003-01-11
CURRENT
AIR825/13
This guide is intended to promote safe designs, operations and maintenance on aircraft and ground support oxygen systems. This is also a summary of some work by the ASTM G 4 Committee related to oxygen fire investigations and design concerns to reduce the risk of an oxygen fire. There have been many recent technological advances and additional test data is available for evaluating and controlling combustion hazards in oxygen equipment. Standards that use this new information are rapidly evolving. A guide is needed to assist organizations and persons not completely familiar with this process to provide oxygen systems with minimum risks of combustion. This guide does not necessarily address all the detailed issues and provide all data that will be needed. For a complete analysis, supplemental publications need to be consulted. This guide does discuss the basics of oxygen systems fire hazards. The hazard analysis process is discussed and a simple example to explain this process.
Standard

On Board Oxygen Generating Systems (Molecular Sieve)

2015-12-04
CURRENT
AIR825/6A
The information provided in AIR825/6 applies to On Board Oxygen Generating Systems (OBOGS) - Molecular Sieve, that utilize the ability of molecular sieve materials by using Pressure Swing Adsorption Process (PSA) to separate and concentrate oxygen in the product gas from the surrounding air, respectively air provided by any compressor or by the aircraft engine (so called: Bleed Air), and to provide this oxygen enriched air or product gas as supplemental oxygen for breathing gas supply of crew and passengers onboard aircraft. The distribution system and the provided oxygen concentration have to fulfill the respective airworthiness regulations. Equipment using this technology is to provide supplemental oxygen for breathing gas supply of crew and passengers onboard aircraft, the suitable breathing gas oxygen partial pressure or oxygen concentration requirements are specified in AIR825/2 and the oxygen purity requirements in AS8010.
Standard

On Board Oxygen Generating Systems (Molecular Sieve)

2004-01-29
HISTORICAL
AIR825/6
The information provided in SAE AIR825/6 applies to On Board Oxygen Generating Systems (OBOGS) - Molecular Sieve, that utilize the ability of molecular sieve materials by using Pressure Swing Adsorption Process (PSA) to separate and concentrate oxygen in the product gas from the surrounding air, respectively air provided by any compressor or by the aircraft engine (so called: Bleed Air), and to provide this oxygen enriched air or product gas as supplemental oxygen for breathing gas supply of crew and passengers onboard aircraft. The distribution system and the provided oxygen concentration have to fulfill the respective FAA/JAA regulations. Equipment using this technology to provide supplemental oxygen for breathing gas supply of crew and passengers onboard aircraft, the suitable breathing gas oxygen partial pressure or oxygen concentration requirements are specified in AIR825/2 and the oxygen purity requirements in AS8010. NOTE: OBOGS has never been certified for commercial aircraft.
Standard

Automatic Presentation of Supplemental Oxygen Masks

2001-07-01
HISTORICAL
ARP4287
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides design, operation, construction, test and installation recommendations for equipment that automatically presents supplemental oxygen masks to cabin occupants in the event of loss of cabin pressure. It specifically covers automatic presentation for transport category aircraft that operate above 30,000 ft (9144 m) altitude, although it also provides guidance for similar equipment used in non-transport category aircraft, or aircraft operated below 30,000 f (9144 m) altitude.
Standard

Carry-On Portable Oxygen Concentrators

2012-06-06
CURRENT
AS8059
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) applies to a personal, portable oxygen concentrator (POC) to be supplied and used by a passenger requiring supplemental oxygen therapy while traveling on board civil, commercial, or personal aircraft. It covers a POC during both self-powered battery operation and while powered from an aircraft seat’s electrical power through the use of an accessory adapter. The POC is not intended to be connected to the aircraft’s oxygen systems or to be used by any aircraft personnel in any method of treatment or first aid of the general flying public.
Standard

Oxygen System Fill/Check Valve

1997-12-01
CURRENT
AS1225A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines minimum standards of design, construction, and performance for two types of permanently installed, high pressure 12,800 kPa (1850 psig) and 13,800 kPa (2000 psig) oxygen system cylinder fill valves used in commercial aircraft. Refer to Purchaser's Specification for Requirements which are beyond the scope or level of detail provided in this document. One valve has an adjustable pressure sensitive closing valve to automatically control the final pressure for a correct amount of oxygen in the system. The second valve incorporates an automatic shutoff feature designed to limit system overpressurization in the event maintenance personnel do not stop system filling at the correct pressure. The intent of the fill valves is to control the rate of fill to limit the rise in temperature caused by compression heating to acceptable values, prevent oxygen back flow and prevent the ingestion of foreign matter that could cause contamination of the system.
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARD FOR OXYGEN PRESSURE REDUCERS

1973-05-01
HISTORICAL
AS1248
This standard is designed to cover all types of pressure reducers required for oxygen systems and for all performance profiles without regard for a particular inlet pressure or outlet pressure performance curve. Special attention will be given, however, to construction requirements essential in reducers where critical high initial oxygen pressures such as 1850 to 2250 psig (12.76 to 15.51 MN/m2 gauge) at 70° F (21.1° C) are involved.
Standard

HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN SYSTEM FILLER VALVE

1971-07-30
HISTORICAL
AS1225
This AS covers oxygen filler valves for use in aircraft to ensure safe servicing of high pressure oxygen system cylinders. The intent is that the valve shall automatically control the rate of fill such that the temperature rise in the oxygen system caused by compression heating of the gas will be within acceptable limits. In addition, the valve shall have a pressure sensitive closing valve to automatically control the final pressure for a correct amount of oxygen in the system cylinder. The pressure closing level may be manually selected by means of adjustment dials on the valve.
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR VALVE, HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN, CYLINDER SHUT OFF, MANUALLY OPERATED

1968-12-01
HISTORICAL
AS1066
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen, cylinder shut off valves for use in commercial type aircraft. It is intended that the valve shall be attached to a pressure cylinder storing oxygen under pressure of 1800 to 2100 psig at 70 F. Upon opening the valve, oxygen will be permitted to discharge from the storage cylinder to the valve outlet and thence to other components of the oxygen system. It shall also be possible to recharge the cylinder through the valve.
Standard

Minimum Standards for Valve, High Pressure Oxygen, Cylinder Shut Off, Manually Operated

2002-03-01
CURRENT
AS1066B
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen, cylinder shut off valves for use in commercial aircraft. It is intended that the valve shall be attached to a pressure cylinder storing oxygen under a nominal pressure of 12.76 MPa (1850 psig) at 21 °C (70 °F). Upon opening the valve, oxygen will be permitted to discharge from the storage cylinder to the valve outlet and to other downstream components of the oxygen system. It shall also be possible to recharge the cylinder through the valve.
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR VALVE, HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN, CYLINDER SHUT OFF, MANUALLY OPERATED

1996-07-01
HISTORICAL
AS1066A
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen, cylinder shut off valves for use in commercial type aircraft. It is intended that the valve shall be attached to a pressure cylinder storing oxygen under pressure of 1800 to 2100 psig at 70 °F. Upon opening the valve, oxygen will be permitted to discharge from the storage cylinder to the valve outlet and thence to other components of the oxygen system. It shall also be possible to recharge the cylinder through the valve.
Standard

Chemical Oxygen Supplies

1991-04-15
HISTORICAL
AIR1133A
Solid chemical oxygen supplies of interest to aircraft operations are "chlorate candles" and potassium superoxide (KO2). Chlorate candles are used in passenger oxygen supply units and other emergency oxygen systems, such as submarines and escape devices. Potassium superoxide is not used in aircraft operations but is used in closed-cycle breathing apparatus. Characteristics and applications of both are discussed, with emphasis on chlorate candles.
Standard

Chemical Oxygen Supplies

2014-10-30
CURRENT
AIR1133B
Solid chemical oxygen supplies of interest to aircraft operations are "chlorate candles" and potassium superoxide (KO2). Chlorate candles are used in passenger oxygen supply units and other emergency oxygen systems, such as submarines and escape devices. Potassium superoxide is not used in aircraft operations but is used in closed-cycle breathing apparatus. Characteristics and applications of both are discussed, with emphasis on chlorate candles.
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