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FAR – Regulatory Requirements Covering the Use of Breathing Oxygen in Aircraft

2016-06-22
CURRENT
AIR1389B
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR paragraph referenced in this report.
Standard

Regulatory Requirements Covering the Use of Breathing Oxygen in Aircraft

2002-02-15
HISTORICAL
AIR1389A
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) and the Joint Aviation Regulations (JAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAR/JAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR/JAR paragraph referenced in this report.
Standard

Reducers, Oxygen Pressure

1999-07-01
HISTORICAL
AS17852
This specification covers the requirements for two types of oxygen pressure reducers.
Standard

Reducers, Oxygen Pressure

2012-07-24
CURRENT
AS17852A
This specification covers the requirements for two types of oxygen pressure reducers.
Standard

Automatic Presentation of Supplemental Oxygen Masks

2001-07-01
HISTORICAL
ARP4287
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides design, operation, construction, test and installation recommendations for equipment that automatically presents supplemental oxygen masks to cabin occupants in the event of loss of cabin pressure. It specifically covers automatic presentation for transport category aircraft that operate above 30,000 ft (9144 m) altitude, although it also provides guidance for similar equipment used in non-transport category aircraft, or aircraft operated below 30,000 f (9144 m) altitude.
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR VALVE, HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN, LINE SHUT OFF, MANUALLY OPERATED

1971-07-01
HISTORICAL
AS1214
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen line shut off valves utilizing either metallic or nonmetallic valve seats for use in general and commercial type aircraft. It is intended that the line valve should be installed in a position accessible in flight, when the cylinder mounted oxygen valves are not. The line shutoff valve may also be used optionally in large systems as a maintenance aid where only a portion of the system need be opened up and purged after repair or replacement of one or more parts.
Standard

Minimum Standards for Valve, High Pressure Oxygen, Line Shut Off, Manually Operated

1996-07-01
HISTORICAL
AS1214A
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen line shut off valves utilizing either metallic or nonmetallic valve seats for use in general and commercial type aircraft. It is intended that the line valve should be installed in a position accessible in flight, when the cylinder mounted oxygen valves are not. The line shutoff valve may also be used optionally in large systems as a maintenance aid where only a portion of the system need be opened up and purged after repair or replacement of one or more parts.
Standard

Oxygen System Fill/Check Valve

1997-12-01
CURRENT
AS1225A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines minimum standards of design, construction, and performance for two types of permanently installed, high pressure 12,800 kPa (1850 psig) and 13,800 kPa (2000 psig) oxygen system cylinder fill valves used in commercial aircraft. Refer to Purchaser's Specification for Requirements which are beyond the scope or level of detail provided in this document. One valve has an adjustable pressure sensitive closing valve to automatically control the final pressure for a correct amount of oxygen in the system. The second valve incorporates an automatic shutoff feature designed to limit system overpressurization in the event maintenance personnel do not stop system filling at the correct pressure. The intent of the fill valves is to control the rate of fill to limit the rise in temperature caused by compression heating to acceptable values, prevent oxygen back flow and prevent the ingestion of foreign matter that could cause contamination of the system.
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARD FOR OXYGEN PRESSURE REDUCERS

1973-05-01
HISTORICAL
AS1248
This standard is designed to cover all types of pressure reducers required for oxygen systems and for all performance profiles without regard for a particular inlet pressure or outlet pressure performance curve. Special attention will be given, however, to construction requirements essential in reducers where critical high initial oxygen pressures such as 1850 to 2250 psig (12.76 to 15.51 MN/m2 gauge) at 70° F (21.1° C) are involved.
Standard

HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN SYSTEM FILLER VALVE

1971-07-30
HISTORICAL
AS1225
This AS covers oxygen filler valves for use in aircraft to ensure safe servicing of high pressure oxygen system cylinders. The intent is that the valve shall automatically control the rate of fill such that the temperature rise in the oxygen system caused by compression heating of the gas will be within acceptable limits. In addition, the valve shall have a pressure sensitive closing valve to automatically control the final pressure for a correct amount of oxygen in the system cylinder. The pressure closing level may be manually selected by means of adjustment dials on the valve.
Standard

Minimum Standard for Gaseous Oxygen Pressure Reducers

2018-10-29
WIP
AS1248B
This standard applies to pressure reducers for gaseous breathing oxygen systems and for all performance profiles without regard to particular inlet or outlet pressures. Attention is given, however, to construction requirements for reducers with maximum supply pressures to 2250 psig (155 bar) and reduced pressures of 50 to 150 psig (3.4 to 10.5 bar).
Standard

Minimum Standard for Gaseous Oxygen Pressure Reducers

1992-12-01
CURRENT
AS1248A
This standard applies to pressure reducers for gaseous breathing oxygen systems and for all performance profiles without regard to particular inlet or outlet pressures. Attention is given, however, to construction requirements for reducers with maximum supply pressures to 2250 psig (155 bar) and reduced pressures of 50 to 150 psig (3.4 to 10.5 bar).
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR VALVE, HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN, CYLINDER SHUT OFF, MANUALLY OPERATED

1968-12-01
HISTORICAL
AS1066
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen, cylinder shut off valves for use in commercial type aircraft. It is intended that the valve shall be attached to a pressure cylinder storing oxygen under pressure of 1800 to 2100 psig at 70 F. Upon opening the valve, oxygen will be permitted to discharge from the storage cylinder to the valve outlet and thence to other components of the oxygen system. It shall also be possible to recharge the cylinder through the valve.
Standard

Minimum Standards for Valve, High Pressure Oxygen, Cylinder Shut Off, Manually Operated

2002-03-01
CURRENT
AS1066B
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen, cylinder shut off valves for use in commercial aircraft. It is intended that the valve shall be attached to a pressure cylinder storing oxygen under a nominal pressure of 12.76 MPa (1850 psig) at 21 °C (70 °F). Upon opening the valve, oxygen will be permitted to discharge from the storage cylinder to the valve outlet and to other downstream components of the oxygen system. It shall also be possible to recharge the cylinder through the valve.
Standard

MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR VALVE, HIGH PRESSURE OXYGEN, CYLINDER SHUT OFF, MANUALLY OPERATED

1996-07-01
HISTORICAL
AS1066A
This standard covers all types of manually operated high pressure oxygen, cylinder shut off valves for use in commercial type aircraft. It is intended that the valve shall be attached to a pressure cylinder storing oxygen under pressure of 1800 to 2100 psig at 70 °F. Upon opening the valve, oxygen will be permitted to discharge from the storage cylinder to the valve outlet and thence to other components of the oxygen system. It shall also be possible to recharge the cylinder through the valve.
Standard

Crew Member Oxygen Regulators, Demand

1995-02-01
CURRENT
AS8027
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) is intended to apply to those oxygen regulators which supply gaseous oxygen at breathing pressures to meet physiological requirements of aircraft flight crew members. It defines the minimum performance requirements and testing for aircraft demand type breathing oxygen regulators.
Standard

Aerospace Information Report for Continuous Flow Oxygen Hose Disconnect Fittings

2000-10-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1358A
This AIR indicates those dimensions, deemed critical by the manufacturer, which are required to be adhered to so that proper mating of the disconnect hose fitting with the correct disconnect be accomplished. The dimensions are critical, but not necessarily complete, in defining these fittings since there are other criteria which must also be met.
Standard

Fuel Versus Oxygen: Evaluations and Considerations

2013-04-04
CURRENT
AIR5648A
Specific federal aviation regulations (Titled 14 of the United States Code of Federal Regulations, or 14 CFR) define oxygen system requirements for an in-flight decompression incident. This AIR addresses the operational oxygen system requirements for a decompression incident that may occur at any point during a long-range flight, with an emphasis for a decompression at the equal time point (ETP). This AIR identifies fuel and oxygen management contingencies, and presents possible solutions for the efficient, safe, and optimum fuel/oxygen flight continuation. Oxygen management is a concern to all aircraft, such as single engine types that fly above 10 000 feet and use supplemental oxygen. This document provides a method which can help guide users in developing an oxygen solution for their aircraft.
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