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Protective Breathing Equipment for Flight Deck and Cabin Crew Members

2002-08-19
CURRENT
AIR825/10A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides general information to aircraft engineers, regarding the types of Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) configurations which are available, the intended functions of such equipment, and the technical approaches which may be used in accomplishing these functions. The term "PBE" or "Protective Breathing Equipment" has been used to refer to various types of equipment, which are used in a variety of applications. This way of using the terminology has been a source of confusion in the aviation industry. One objective of this AIR is to assist the reader in distinguishing between the types of PBE applications. A further objective is to assist in understanding the technical approaches which can be used in each of the major applications. Principles of PBE design are reviewed briefly.
Standard

Protective Breathing Equipment for Flight Deck and Cabin Crew Members

2002-02-04
HISTORICAL
AIR825/10
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides general information to aircraft engineers, regarding the types of Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) configurations which are available, the intended functions of such equipment, and the technical approaches which may be used in accomplishing these functions. The term "PBE" or "Protective Breathing Equipment" has been used to refer to various types of equipment, which are used in a variety of applications. This way of using the terminology has been a source of confusion in the aviation industry. One objective of this AIR is to assist the reader in distinguishing between the types of PBE applications. A further objective is to assist in understanding the technical approaches which can be used in each of the major applications. Principles of PBE design are reviewed briefly.
Standard

Guide for Evaluating Combustion Hazards in Aircraft Oxygen Systems

2014-01-29
WIP
AIR825/13A
This guide is intended to promote safe designs, operations and maintenance on aircraft and ground support oxygen systems. This is also a summary of some work by the ASTM G 4 Committee related to oxygen fire investigations and design concerns to reduce the risk of an oxygen fire. There have been many recent technological advances and additional test data is available for evaluating and controlling combustion hazards in oxygen equipment. Standards that use this new information are rapidly evolving. A guide is needed to assist organizations and persons not completely familiar with this process to provide oxygen systems with minimum risks of combustion. This guide does not necessarily address all the detailed issues and provide all data that will be needed. For a complete analysis, supplemental publications need to be consulted. This guide does discuss the basics of oxygen systems fire hazards. The hazard analysis process is discussed and a simple example to explain this process.
Standard

Guide for Evaluating Combustion Hazards in Aircraft Oxygen Systems

2003-01-11
CURRENT
AIR825/13
This guide is intended to promote safe designs, operations and maintenance on aircraft and ground support oxygen systems. This is also a summary of some work by the ASTM G 4 Committee related to oxygen fire investigations and design concerns to reduce the risk of an oxygen fire. There have been many recent technological advances and additional test data is available for evaluating and controlling combustion hazards in oxygen equipment. Standards that use this new information are rapidly evolving. A guide is needed to assist organizations and persons not completely familiar with this process to provide oxygen systems with minimum risks of combustion. This guide does not necessarily address all the detailed issues and provide all data that will be needed. For a complete analysis, supplemental publications need to be consulted. This guide does discuss the basics of oxygen systems fire hazards. The hazard analysis process is discussed and a simple example to explain this process.
Standard

Liquid Oxygen Systems

2014-10-21
WIP
AIR825/5B
This Aerospace Information Report provides general information to aircraft designers and engineers, regarding LOX, its properties, its storage and its conversion to gas. Much useful information is included herein for aircraft designers regarding important design considerations for a safe and effective installation to an aircraft. The associated ground support equipment needed to support operations of LOX equipped aircraft is also discussed. It is important to realize that LOX equipped aircraft cannot be supported unless this support infrastructure is also available. A significant part of this document will address the specific advantages, disadvantages and precautions relating to LOX systems. These are important issues that must be considered in deciding which oxygen system to install to the aircraft. Also, many commercial and military aircraft use aeromedical LOX equipment that is mostly portable equipment.
Standard

On Board Oxygen Generating Systems - Other Technologies

2013-03-07
WIP
AIR825/7
This AIR provides an overview of several emerging technologies for on board oxygen generation. It complements AIR 825/6, which covers pressure swing adsorption using zeolite molecular sieve beds to concentrate and separate oxygen from atmospheric gases. Topics covered here include use of dense ion conductive ceramics, electrolysis of water, high pressure chemical generation, membrane separations, and use of carbon based molecular seive beds.
Standard

Oxygen Sensor Technologies

2014-10-23
WIP
AIR5933
This AIR5933 gives an overview of contemporary technologies to determine the oxygen concentration respectively partial pressure in air. The aerospace application and its special constraints have been emphasized regarding weight, power supply, overall size, reliability and safety, cost and useful life.
Standard

FAR – Regulatory Requirements Covering the Use of Breathing Oxygen in Aircraft

2016-06-22
CURRENT
AIR1389B
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR paragraph referenced in this report.
Standard

Regulatory Requirements Covering the Use of Breathing Oxygen in Aircraft

2002-02-15
HISTORICAL
AIR1389A
This report presents, paraphrased in tabular format, an overview of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) and the Joint Aviation Regulations (JAR) for aircraft oxygen systems. It is intended as a ready reference for those considering the use of oxygen in aircraft and those wishing to familiarize themselves with the systems requirements for existing aircraft. This document is not intended to replace the oxygen related FAR/JAR but rather to index them in some order. For detailed information, the user is referred to the current issue of the relevant FAR/JAR paragraph referenced in this report.
Standard

CONTINUOUS FLOW CHEMICAL OXYGEN GENERATORS

1993-12-01
HISTORICAL
AS1304
This Aerospace Standard (AS) provides recommended design guidelines for composition formation, performance, testing and reliability of metal-chlorate-perchlorate class solid chemical oxygen generators, supplying oxygen at essentially ambient pressure, for aircraft whose cabin pressure altitude does not exceed 40,000 feet (12,192 m).
Standard

Automatic Presentation of Supplemental Oxygen Masks

2001-07-01
HISTORICAL
ARP4287
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides design, operation, construction, test and installation recommendations for equipment that automatically presents supplemental oxygen masks to cabin occupants in the event of loss of cabin pressure. It specifically covers automatic presentation for transport category aircraft that operate above 30,000 ft (9144 m) altitude, although it also provides guidance for similar equipment used in non-transport category aircraft, or aircraft operated below 30,000 f (9144 m) altitude.
Standard

Oxygen Systems and Components Maintenance and Service Practices

2014-05-08
WIP
ARP5932
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) will provide general guidelines and procedures for servicing and maintaining oxygen systems. Such methods and procedures may be applied to gaseous, liquid, chemical and portable oxygen systems. These guidelines and recommendations will be provided to engineering and maintenance personnel for airlines, modification centers and third party maintenance contractors, to be used while performing maintenance on oxygen systems and components.
Standard

Technical Approaches for Oxygen Equipment Certification

2013-03-07
WIP
ARP6244
This document describes technical approaches that can be applied to show that proposed oxygen equipment and systems achieve suitable oxygenation in users. These approaches can be used to demonstrate that items under test meet performance criteria sufficient to justify certification for use in aircraft applications.
Standard

Oxygen considerations for flight into high elevation airports

2015-11-30
WIP
ARP6527
The scope of this document is to provide guidance concerning the use of oxygen when flying into and out of high elevation airports. Normally for aircraft operations that fly at high altitude, oxygen requirements involving a decompression are generally easy to understand and follow because of the increased delta between cabin and ambient pressures. This document is intended to address a transition zone where cabin and ambient pressures are closely the same and oxygen usage can be compounded by physiologic subjectivity that often accompanies hypoxia. This transition zone is further diluted by regulations which are based not on science but rather sociological mores often not supported by empirical science. An example of this is reflected by differential regulatory requirements between CFR’s 91, 121 and 135. Operators who fly into these high altitude airports will undoubtedly be required to address the inherent threats and errors associated with this transition zone.
Standard

When and How Shall Oxygen be Used on Aircraft”

2015-09-22
WIP
AIR6256
The aim of this document is to provide a comprehensive synopsis of regulations applicable to aircraft oxygen systems. The context of physiological requirements, international regulations, operational requirements and airworthiness standards is shown to understand the role of aircraft oxygen systems and to demonstrate under which circumstances is needed on aircraft. With regards to National Aviation Regulations States are committed to the Convention on International Aviation (Chicago Convention). The majority of states have adopted, with some deviations, FAA and EASA systems including operational and airworthiness requirements. Accordingly the extent of this document is primarily focused on FAA/EASA requirements.
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