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Aerospace - Particle Count Data Conversion and Extrapolation

1993-01-01
HISTORICAL
AIR877
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a mathematical model that can be used to analyze particle count data. Particle counts that fit the model can be graphically displayed, converted from one counting size-frequency range to another, and extrapolated to estimate counts beyond the measured range. Derivation, applications and calculations are described. Cumulative particle counts larger than stated size-range are fitted against a modified log-normal distribution function by plotting on special log-log graph paper. Many real particle distributions approximate a straight line, showing good fit for this log-normal model. The resultant plot provides a basis for further analysis, including size-range conversion and extrapolation.
Standard

AEROSPACE-PARTICLE COUNT DATA CONVERSION AND EXTRAPOLATION

1993-03-02
HISTORICAL
AIR877A
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a mathematical model that can be used to analyze particle count data. Particle counts that fit the model can be graphically displayed, converted from one counting size-frequency range to another, and extrapolated to estimate counts beyond the measured range. Derivation, applications and calculations are described.
Standard

Aerospace-Particle Count Data Conversion and Extrapolation

1993-03-02
HISTORICAL
AIR877B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a mathematical model that can be used to analyze particle count data. Particle counts that fit the model can be graphically displayed, converted from one counting size-frequency range to another, and extrapolated to estimate counts beyond the measured range. Derivation, applications, and calculations are described.
Standard

Aerospace-Particle Count Data Conversion and Extrapolation

2012-09-24
CURRENT
AIR877C
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes a mathematical model that can be used to analyze particle count data. Particle counts that fit the model can be graphically displayed, converted from one counting size-frequency range to another, and extrapolated to estimate counts beyond the measured range. Derivation, applications, and calculations are described.
Standard

Secondary Filters for Fluid System Reliability

2000-12-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4057A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) discusses the design choices and engineering trade-offs available to the system designer in the efficient selection and application of Last-Chance filters in contrast to main or primary system filters.
Standard

SECONDARY FILTERS FOR FLUID SYSTEM RELIABILITY

1994-05-01
HISTORICAL
AIR4057
It discusses the design choices and engineering trade-offs available to the system designer in the efficient selection and application of Last-Chance filters in contrast to main or primary system filters.
Standard

Secondary Filters for Fluid System Reliability

2012-09-24
CURRENT
AIR4057B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) discusses the design choices and engineering trade-offs available to the system designer in the efficient selection and application of Last-Chance filters in contrast to main or primary system filters.
Standard

Aerospace - Evaluation of Particulate Contamination in Hydraulic Fluid - Membrane Procedure

2018-08-13
CURRENT
ARP4285A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) establishes a method for evaluating the particulate matter extracted from the working fluid of a hydraulic system or component using a membrane. The amount of particulate matter deposited on the membrane due to filtering a given quantity of fluid is visually compared against a standard membrane in order to provide an indication of the cleanliness level of the fluid.
Standard

Aerospace - Evaluation of Particulate Contamination in Hydraulic Fluid - Membrane Procedure

2001-03-01
HISTORICAL
ARP4285
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) establishes a method for evaluating the particulate matter extracted from the working fluid of a hydraulic system or component using a membrane. The amount of particulate matter deposited on the membrane due to filtering a given quantity of fluid is visually compared against a standard membrane in order to provide an indication of the cleanliness level of the fluid. A particular feature of this method is the membrane preparation to achieve an even particulate distribution on the membrane suitable for other applications. Membrane evaluation using standard membranes, described in this document, is an alternative technique to counting with either an optical microscope (ARP598) or an automatic particle counter (ISO 11500). The latter particle counting procedures are considered more precise.
Standard

AEROSPACE - DYNAMIC TEST METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE RELATIVE DEGREE OF CLEANLINESS OF THE DOWNSTREAM SIDE OF FILTER ELEMENTS

1996-05-01
HISTORICAL
ARP599B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes a procedure for determining the insoluble contamination level of the downstream side of filter elements. Results of this procedure represent the particulate released from the tested filter element under the prevailing conditions of the test. The results may be used for comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of various cleaning methods or the cleanliness of elements after cleaning or as received from manufacturers.
Standard

Aerospace - Dynamic Test Method for Determining the Relative Degree of Cleanliness of the Downstream Side of Filter Elements

2008-06-22
CURRENT
ARP599D
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes a procedure for determining the insoluble contamination level of the downstream side of filter elements. Results of this procedure represent the particulate released from the tested filter element under the prevailing conditions of the test. The results may be used for comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of various cleaning methods or the cleanliness of elements after cleaning or as received from manufacturers.
Standard

Aerospace - Dynamic Test Method for Determining the Relative Degree of Cleanliness of the Downstream Side of Filter Elements

2002-05-21
HISTORICAL
ARP599C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) describes a procedure for determining the insoluble contamination level of the downstream side of filter elements. Results of this procedure represent the particulate released from the tested filter element under the prevailing conditions of the test. The results may be used for comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of various cleaning methods or the cleanliness of elements after cleaning or as received from manufacturers.
Standard

Aerospace Microscopic Sizing and Counting of Particulate Contamination for Fluid Power Systems

2016-06-09
CURRENT
ARP598D
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines the materials, apparatus and procedure for sizing and counting of particulate contamination, 5 μm or greater, in hydraulic fluid samples by membrane filtration iwth microscopic counting. It is capable of counting particulate matter in samples withdrawn from fluid power systems as identified by the 12 classes of SAE AS 4059 or NAS 1638 and projected beyond these for the five standard ranges specified and can thus serve as the primary document to determine acceptability. It is also capable of revealing but not measuring evidence of abnormal amount of water, other fluids, fine particulate and other materials, especially fibers and metals. It is applicable to all military, civil, space vehicles and test equipment.
Standard

Aerospace Microscopic Sizing and Counting of Particulate Contamination for Fluid Power Systems

2003-01-11
HISTORICAL
ARP598C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines the materials, apparatus and procedure for sizing and counting of particulate contamination, 5 µm or greater, in hydraulic fluid samples by membrane filtration with microscopic counting. It is capable of counting particulate matter in samples withdrawn from fluid power systems as identified by the 12 classes of AS4059 or NAS 1638 and projected beyond these for the five standard ranges specified and can thus serve as the primary document to determine acceptability. It is also capable of revealing but not measuring evidence of abnormal amount of water, other fluids, fine particulate and other materials, especially fibers and metals. It is applicable to all military, civil, space vehicles and test equipment.
Standard

THE DETERMINATION OF PARTICULATE CONTAMINATION IN LIQUIDS BY THE PARTICLE COUNT METHOD

1969-08-01
HISTORICAL
ARP598A
This method describes a procedure for the sizing and counting of particulate contamination in liquid samples by membrane filtration. The procedure will allow measurement of particulate contamination five microns or greater in size with a maximum variation of ±20% in results over an average of two runs. This procedure can be used for all samples where the membrane filter is compatible with the sample liquid and rinse liquid.
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