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Fuel Level Control Valves and Systems

2016-05-17
CURRENT
AIR1660C
A fuel level control valve/system controls the quantity of fuel in a tank being filled or emptied on the aircraft. This document provides a general familiarization with these mechanisms (e.g., forms they take, functions, system design considerations). This document provides the aircraft fuel system designer with information about these mechanisms/devices, so that he can prescribe the types of level control valves/systems which are best suited for his particular fuel system configuration. The scope has been expanded as different aircraft manufacturers may use different type of fuel system architectures. Their refueling and defueling systems may take different configurations, may require different types of fuel control valves and may require different types of interface with the onboard Fuel Measurement System. They must also limit pressure surges and be compatible with ground refueling equipment which have varying surge potentials and create surges.
Standard

Fuel Level Control Valves/Systems

1997-12-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1660B
A fuel level control valve/system controls the quantity of fuel in a tank being filled or emptied. This document provides a general familiarization with these mechanisms (e.g. forms they take, functions, system design considerations). This document provides the aircraft fuel system designer with information about these mechanisms/devices, so that he can prescribe the types of level control valves/systems which are best suited for his particular fuel system configuration.
Standard

Guidance for the Design and Installation of Fuel Quantity Indicating Systems

2013-01-04
HISTORICAL
AIR5691
This document is applicable to commercial and military aircraft fuel quantity indication systems. It is intended to give guidance for system design and installation. It describes key areas to be considered in the design of a modern fuel system, and builds upon experiences gained in the industry in the last 10 years.
Standard

Guidance for the Design and Installation of Fuel Quantity Indicating Systems

2017-05-18
CURRENT
AIR5691A
This document is applicable to commercial and military aircraft fuel quantity indication systems. It is intended to give guidance for system design and installation. It describes key areas to be considered in the design of a modern fuel system, and builds upon experiences gained in the industry in the last 10 years.
Standard

FIRE TESTING OF FLUID HANDLING COMPONENTS FOR AIRCRAFT ENGINES AND AIRCRAFT ENGINE INSTALLATIONS

1996-08-01
HISTORICAL
AS4273
This document establishes requirements, test procedures, and acceptance criteria for the fire testing of fluid handling components and materials used in aircraft fluid systems. It is applicable to fluid handling components other than those prescribed by AS1055 (e.g., hoses, tube assemblies, coils, fittings). It also is applicable to materials, wiring, and components such as reservoirs, valves, gearboxes, pumps, filter assemblies, accumulators, fluid-cooled electrical/electronic components, in-flight fluid system instrumentation, hydromechanical controls, actuators, heat exchangers, and manifolds. These components may be used in fuel, lubrication, hydraulic, or pneumatic systems.
Standard

Electrical Bonding of Aircraft Fuel Systems

2017-10-20
WIP
AIR5128B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is limited to the subject of aircraft fuel systems and the questions concerning the requirements for electrical bonding of the various components of the system as related to Static Electric Charges, Fault Current, Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and Lightning Strikes (Direct and Indirect Effects). This AIR contains engineering guidelines for the design, installation, testing (measurement) and inspection of electrical bonds.
Standard

ELECTRICAL BONDING OF AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM PLUMBING SYSTEMS

1997-01-01
HISTORICAL
AIR5128
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is limited to the subject of aircraft fuel system plumbing systems and the questions concerning the requirements for electrical bonding of the various components of the system as related to Static Electric Charges, Electromagnectic Interference (EMI) and Lightning Strikes (Direct and Indirect Effects)
Standard

Electrical Bonding of Aircraft Fuel Systems

2012-12-18
CURRENT
AIR5128A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is limited to the subject of aircraft fuel systems and the questions concerning the requirements for electrical bonding of the various components of the system as related to Static Electric Charges, Fault Current, Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and Lightning Strikes (Direct and Indirect Effects). This AIR contains engineering guidelines for the design, installation, testing (measurement) and inspection of electrical bonds.
Standard

CAPACITIVE FUEL GAUGING SYSTEM ACCURACIES

1989-03-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1184A
This report is intended to identify the necessary analytical tools to enable making value judgments for minimizing the various errors typically encountered in capacitance systems. Thus, in addition to identification of error sources, it describes the basic factors which cause the errors. When coupled with appraisals of the relative costs of minimizing the errors, this knowledge will furnish a tool with which to optimize gauging system accuracy, and thus, to obtain the optimum overall system within the constraints imposed by both design and budgetary considerations. Since the subject of capacitance accuracy is quite complex, no attempt is made herein to present a fully-comprehensive evaluation of all factors affecting gauging system accuracy. Rather, the major contributors to gauging system inaccuracy are discussed and emphasis is given to simplicity and clarity, somewhat at the expense of completeness. An overview of Capacitive Fuel Gauging operation is provided in the Appendix.
Standard

Capacitive Fuel Gauging System Accuracies

2016-08-12
CURRENT
AIR1184B
This report is intended to identify the various errors typically encountered in capacitance fuel quantity measurement systems. In addition to identification of error sources, it describes the basic factors which cause the errors. When coupled with appraisals of the relative costs of minimizing the errors, this knowledge will furnish a tool with which to optimize gauging system accuracy, and thus, to obtain the optimum overall system within the constraints imposed by both design and budgetary considerations. Since the subject of fuel measurement accuracy using capacitance based sensing is quite complex, no attempt is made herein to present a fully-comprehensive evaluation of all factors affecting gauging system accuracy. Rather, the major contributors to gauging system inaccuracy are discussed and emphasis is given to simplicity and clarity, somewhat at the expense of completeness. An overview of capacitive fuel gauging operation can be found in AIR5691.
Standard

AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM AND COMPONENT ICING TEST

1979-03-15
HISTORICAL
ARP1401
This Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) covers a brief discussion of the icing problem in aircraft fuel systems and different means that have been used to test for icing. Fuel preparation procedures and icing tests for aircraft fuel systems and components are proposed herein as a recommended practice to be used in the aircraft industry for fixed wing aircraft and their operational environment only. In the context of this ARP, the engine is not considered to be a component of the aircraft fuel system, for the engine fuel system is subjected to icing tests by the engine manufacturer for commercial and particular military applications.
Standard

Minimization of Electrostatic Hazards in Aircraft Fuel Systems

2017-11-15
WIP
AIR1662B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides background information, technical data and related technical references for minimization of electrostatic hazards in aircraft fuel systems. Techniques used to minimize the electrostatic hazard include: a. Reducing fueling rate into tank bays including use of multiple refueling inlet nozzles. b. Reducing refuel plumbingn flow velocities. c. Introducing fuel into the tank at a low velocity near the bottom and directing it to impinge upon a grounded conducting surface. d. Avoiding electrically isolated conductors in the fuel tank. e. Using conductivity additives in the fuel.
Standard

Method-Pressure Drop Tests for Fuel System Components

2019-05-23
WIP
ARP868D
This document provides recommended methods and describes associated equipment and test setups to assist in understanding and conducting pressure drop tets on fuel system components. Backgroundn information and suggestions are provided as means of improving accuracy and repeatability of test results. Although written specifically for fuel system components, the methods, equipment and suggestions presented herein apply equally to pressure drop tests of other liquid-handling devices.
Standard

Method-Pressure Drop Tests for Fuel System Components

2001-11-30
CURRENT
ARP868C
This document provides recommended methods and describes associated equipment and test setups to assist in understanding and conducting pressure drop tests on fuel system components. Background information and suggestions are provided as means of improving accuracy and repeatability of test results. Although written specifically for fuel system components, the methods, equipment and suggestions presented herein apply equally to pressure drop tests of other liquid-handling devices.
Standard

METHOD - PRESSURE DROP TESTS FOR FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS

1990-12-18
HISTORICAL
ARP868B
To describe useful methods for conducting pressure drop tests of fuel system components for MIL-F-8615 or similar requirements and to present general suggestions for improving accuracy of test results.
Standard

METHOD - PRESSURE DROP TESTS FOR FUEL SYSTEM COMPONENTS

1983-06-01
HISTORICAL
ARP868A
To describe useful methods for conducting pressure drop tests of fuel system components for MIL-F-8615 or similar requirements; and to present general suggestions for improving accuracy of test results.
Standard

Acceptance Test Procedures and Standards to Ensure Clean Fuel System Components

2014-11-25
CURRENT
ARP1953B
To describe general guidelines for achieving selected levels of cleanliness in gas turbine engine fuel system components and to describe laboratory methods for measuring and reporting the contamination level of the wetted portion of fuel system components. As in SAE J1227 (covering hydraulic components) this practice includes guidelines for levels of acceptance but does not attempt to set those levels.
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