This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents safety criteria for pneumatic type engine starting system design and component hardware. Included are safety criteria in design of both starter control valves and starters as well as in design of airframe control systems. Safety topics concern starter valve operation and material application, airframe controls and instrumentation installations and starter rotor integrity and containment.
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) reviews the factors to be considered in determining the location and arrangement for auxiliary power unit (APU) installations for airborne applications and reviews requirements for flight suitability. As treated in this discussion, the APU normally includes a power section (or engine), a starting system, an electronic control unit (ECU), a gearbox with accessory mounting pads, and an oil cooling system. The accessories that are driven by the APU, such as CSD's (constant speed drives), alternating current (AC) generators, hydraulic pumps, or air compressors, are not covered here except insofar as they make demands on the APU. The various installation components and systems that are covered here are outlined by the table of contents. Turbine-type APU's are by far the most highly developed and universally used airborne units, so their installation will dominate the discussion in this document.
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers basic aircraft engine start systems fundamentals. It presents various ground power sources and aircraft “on board” starting units. Also included are descriptions of start system components and interconnections which together comprise an engine starting system.
The starters covered by this specification shall be designed to operate on compressed air from ground support equipment, engine interbleed or on board air supply, for the purpose of starting aircraft jet engines.