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Standard

Impulse Towing Loads

2018-06-03
CURRENT
AIR6906
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) provides information about impulse loads that occur during normal aircraft towing operations. An instrumented tow bar was used to characterize towing loads. Suggestions to minimize impulse loads by reducing the tow bar to tow vehicle gap are described.
Standard

CUSHION TOW HITCHES TEST

1992-08-18
HISTORICAL
AIR1353A
The main purpose of this test was to determine the application advantages of cushion tow hitches in comparison to the commonly used rigid tow hitch type fitted on heavy aircraft towing tractors. As diverse opinions emerged about its suitability since the introduction on the market of this new tow hitch type, it was intended to physically measure and evaluate the damping capability of this cushioned tow link when applied in practice.
Standard

Cushion Tow Hitches Test

2012-12-05
CURRENT
AIR1353C
The main purpose of this test was to determine the application advantages of cushion tow hitches in comparison to the commonly used rigid tow hitch type fitted on heavy aircraft towing tractors. As diverse opinions emerged about its suitability since the introduction on the market of this new tow hitch type, it was intended to physically measure and evaluate the damping capability of this cushioned tow link when applied in practice.
Standard

Cushion Tow Hitches Test

1998-04-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1353B
The main purpose of this test was to determine the application advantages of cushion tow hitches in comparison to the commonly used rigid tow hitch type fitted on heavy aircraft towing tractors. As diverse opinions emerged about its suitability since the introduction on the market of this new tow hitch type, it was intended to physically measure and evaluate the damping capability of this cushioned tow link when applied in practice.
Standard

Maintenance of Ground Support Equipment

1990-11-01
CURRENT
AIR4286
The following are suggested policies, procedures, and practices required to maintain mobile and fixed ground support equipment at airport passenger and cargo terminals. The principal purpose for ground support equipment maintenance is to provide the owner/user with safe, serviceable equipment, in good appearance, at minimal cost, and with minimum downtime. Maintenance programs initiated on ground support equipment must also conform to regulations controlling airport operations. This document has been divided into three sections corresponding to the three stages of equipment life; acquisition, maintenance, and disposal.
Standard

Method of Evaluating Pneumatic Ground Power Units

2004-07-28
CURRENT
AIR4545A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers, and is restricted to, the behavior of air under conditions of critical and subcritical flow at temperatures less than 500 °F.
Standard

Method of Evaluating Pneumatic Ground Power Units

1992-02-12
HISTORICAL
AIR4545
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers, and is restricted to, the behavior of air under conditions of critical and subcritical flow at temperatures less than 500 °F.
Standard

400 Hz Connection Aircraft Electrical Maintenance Procedures

2008-03-28
HISTORICAL
AIR4365A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) describes field-level procedures to determine if 400 Hz electrical connections for external power may have been subjected to excessive wear, which may result in inadequate disengagement forces.
Standard

400-CYCLE GROUND POWER UNIT PROVISIONS FOR AIRCRAFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM PROTECTION

2002-12-16
CURRENT
ARP760
This SAE Recommended Practice which defines the terms and tabulates the limits of the characteristics for various protective devices used in conjunction with 400-cycle ground power for civil aircraft is intended to assist the airlines in standardizing on 400-cycle protective systems. The limits found to be acceptable in the civil aircraft industry are presented.
Standard

Main Line Aircraft Tow Bar Attach Fitting Interface

2003-10-14
HISTORICAL
AS1614C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the interface requirements for tow bar attachment fittings on the nose gear (when towing operations are performed from the nose gear) of conventional tricycle type landing gears of commercial civil transport aircraft with a maximum ramp weight higher than 50 000 kg (110 000 lb), commonly designated as “main line aircraft”. Its purpose is to achieve tow bar attachment fittings interface standardization by aircraft weight category (which determines tow bar forces) in order to ensure that one single type of tow bar with a standard connection can be used for all aircraft types within or near that weight category, so as to assist operators and airport handling companies in reducing the number of different tow bar types used.
Standard

Main Line Aircraft Tow Bar Attach Fitting Interface

2016-01-02
CURRENT
AS1614D
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies the interface requirements for tow bar attachment fittings on the nose gear (when towing operations are performed from the nose gear) of conventional tricycle type landing gears of commercial civil transport aircraft with a maximum ramp weight higher than 50,000 kg (110,000 pounds), commonly designated as “main line aircraft”. Its purpose is to achieve tow bar attachment fittings interface standardization by aircraft weight category (which determines tow bar forces) in order to ensure that one single type of tow bar with a standard connection can be used for all aircraft types within or near that weight category, so as to assist operators and airport handling companies in reducing the number of different tow bar types used.
Standard

Technical Manual Requirements for Ground Support Equipment

2011-11-04
CURRENT
AS4828A
This document is a guideline for format, structure and content for ground support equipment (GSE) technical manuals. This document focuses on requirements specific to the GSE industry and does not cover general technical publication practices. Additional standards for GSE and for manufacturer’s publications exist and may add requirements beyond what is covered in this standard. This may include EU Directive 2006/42/EC. This document is written in specific terms by intention, and conforms to recognized practices in the industry. When the word SHALL is used in this standard, it indicates a requirement that must be adhered to in total and does not allow for variance. When the word SHOULD is used, it indicates a recommended practice which allows the manual writer to use discretionary judgment. This document does not apply to electronic test equipment.
Standard

Aircraft Ground Air Conditioning Service Connection

2012-12-05
CURRENT
AS4262B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines interface configurations for the ground air conditioning service connection on commercial transport aircraft. In addition, it defines the clearances required to accommodate the connection of ground air conditioning hose couplings. Two types of service connections are included. The Type A connection (Figure 1) is a slotted ring with integral locking pads and is comparable to the MS33562 connection. The Type B connection (Figure 2) is a flanged tube with external locking lugs (Figure 3). The Type B connection has the same interface dimensional requirements as the Type A connection.
Standard

Measurement of Exterior Sound Level of Specialized Aircraft Ground Support Equipment

1982-02-15
HISTORICAL
ARP1801
The scope of this recommended practice covers specialized internal combustion engine powered equipment used in the support of aircraft operations. The equipment may be self-propelled, truck mounted, trailer mounted, skid mounted or stationary. It does not include construction equipment or equipment designed primarily for operation on highways or within factories or building areas.
Standard

Measurement of Exterior Sound Level of Specialized Aircraft Ground Support Equipment

2012-07-05
CURRENT
ARP1801A
The scope of this SAE Recommended Practice covers specialized internal combustion engine powered equipment used in support of aircraft operations. The equipment may be self-propelled, truck mounted, trailer mounted, skid mounted or stationary. It does not include construction equipment or equipment designed primarily for operation on highways or within factories or building areas. NOTE: Equivalent methodology is provided in (CEN) EN 1915-4, Aircraft ground support equipment - General requirements - Part 4: Noise measurement methods and reduction, to be used for measurements conforming to the EU Machinery Directive
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