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Definition of serious injury due to sharp edge formation inflicted on an occupant (passenger) following an emergency landing.

2017-10-02
WIP
ARP6963
Define an objective criteria for serious injury inflicted on an occupant (passenger) following an emergency landing (CFR 25.561/25.562). The document herein is limited to evaluation of the CFR 25.785 (b) & (d), which encompasses the potential sharp edge formation caused by the test dummy’s head striking the seat and/or other structures (shroud, monitor, handset, glass from monitor, etc).
Standard

Photometric Data Acquisition Procedures for Impact Test

2003-05-21
HISTORICAL
ARP5482
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines the test set-up requirements, general analysis procedures, and test report documentation for impact tests where photometric analysis of the high speed film or digital video will be required to obtain target paths (typically the Anthropomorphic Test Dummy (ATD) head path and knee path). Such tests support the requirements of AS8049 - Performance Standard for Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft and General Aviation Aircraft. These setup and analysis procedures are applicable to conventional, geometry based, two-dimensional analysis. If a more sophisticated technique that allows cameras to be installed at oblique angles for two or three-dimensional analysis is used, then the specific procedures required by that technique supersede any conflicting procedures contained herein.
Standard

Photometric Data Acquisition Procedures for Impact Test

2011-11-28
CURRENT
ARP5482A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines the test set-up requirements, general analysis procedures, and test report documentation for impact tests where photometric analysis of the high speed film or digital video will be required to obtain target paths (typically the Anthropomorphic Test Dummy (ATD) head path and knee path). Such tests support the requirements of AS8049 - Performance Standard for Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft and General Aviation Aircraft. These setup and analysis procedures are applicable to conventional, geometry based, two-dimensional analysis. If a more sophisticated technique that allows cameras to be installed at oblique angles for two or three-dimensional analysis is used, then the specific procedures required by that technique supersede any conflicting procedures contained herein.
Standard

Modification or Replacement of Components on Dynamically Certified Seat Systems

2001-10-01
HISTORICAL
ARP5497
This document outlines the engineering evaluation appropriate for modifying or replacing components of a previously certified seat when the certification process is based on qualification to the requirements of AS8049, which includes dynamic testing. The engineering evaluation presented in this document may be used to determine if a modification (including replacement of a component) is a minor change with respect to meeting the dynamic testing requirements described in AS8049. Whenever a modification is considered, the ability to meet all requirements of the applicable Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) must be verified. For example, this would include the capability to meet requirements such as flammability and flotation. Analysis and/or test data supporting the ability of the new materials and/or configuration to meet the applicable requirements must be submitted with the change documentation.
Standard

Composite Seats

2014-11-18
WIP
ARP6337
Define and develop test parameters, test methods, measurements, and acceptable performance criteria for composite aircraft seat structures.
Standard

Analytical Methods for Aircraft Seat Design and Evaluation

2012-10-03
HISTORICAL
ARP5765
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines a means of assessing the credibility of computer models of aircraft seating systems used to simulate dynamic impact conditions set forth in Federal Regulations 14 CFR Part 23.562, 25.562, 27.562, and 29.562. The ARP is applicable to lumped mass and detailed finite element seat models. This includes specifications and performance criteria for aviation specific virtual anthropomorphic test devices (v-ATDs). A methodology to evaluate the degree of correlation between a seat model and dynamic impact tests is recommended. This ARP also provides testing and modeling best practices specific to support the implementation of analytical models of aircraft seat systems. Supporting information within this document includes procedures for the quantitative comparison of test and simulation results, as well as test reports for data generated to support the development of v-ATDs and a sample report.
Standard

Analytical Methods for Aircraft Seat Design and Evaluation

2015-12-04
CURRENT
ARP5765A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines a means of assessing the credibility of computer models of aircraft seating systems used to simulate dynamic impact conditions set forth in Federal Regulations §14 CFR Part 23.562, 25.562, 27.562, and 29.562. The ARP is applicable to lumped mass and detailed finite element seat models. This includes specifications and performance criteria for aviation specific virtual anthropomorphic test devices (v-ATDs). A methodology to evaluate the degree of correlation between a seat model and dynamic impact tests is recommended. This ARP also provides testing and modeling best practices specific to support the implementation of analytical models of aircraft seat systems. Supporting information within this document includes procedures for the quantitative comparison of test and simulation results, as well as test reports for data generated to support the development of v-ATDs and a sample v-ATD calibration report.
Standard

Performance Standard for Seat Surrounding Furniture in Transport Aircraft

2017-09-19
WIP
AS6960
Seat surrounding furniture (commonly known as shells) is intended to enhance passenger comfort and privacy. They can offer additional space for reclining the seat into a bed position, additional stowage, amenities, etc. Often some amenities are located on the furniture including the front row monument installed in front of the passenger seat. The units normally attach to the same aircraft floor tracks directly in front or behind passenger seat(s) or to the seat primary structure. The unit structures are not directly integrated into the main fuselage and do not offer main supports for aircraft integrity. This Aerospace Standard (AS) establishes the minimum design, performance and qualification requirements for Seat Surrounding Furniture to be certified for installation in transport category airplanes.
Standard

Performance Standards for Oblique Facing Passenger Seats in Transport Aircraft

2017-06-28
CURRENT
AS6316
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) documents a common understanding of terms, compliance issues, and occupant injury criteria to facilitate the design and certification of oblique facing passenger seat installations specific to Part 25 aircraft. The applicability of the criteria listed in this current release is limited to seats with an occupant facing direction greater than 18° and no greater than 45° relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis. Seats installed at angles greater than 30° relative to the aircraft longitudinal axis must have an energy absorbing rest or shoulder harness and must satisfy the criteria listed in Table 2. Later revisions are intended to provide criteria for other facing directions. Performance criteria for forward and aft facing seats are provided in AS8049 and for side facing seats in AS8049/1.
Standard

Performance Standards for Side-Facing Seats in Civil Rotorcraft, Transport Aircraft, and General Aviation Aircraft

2016-12-13
CURRENT
AS8049/1B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines Minimum Performance Standards (MPS), qualification requirements, and minimum documentation requirements for side-facing seats in civil rotorcraft, transport aircraft, and general aviation aircraft. The goal is to achieve comfort, durability, and occupant protection under normal operational loads and to define test and evaluation criteria to demonstrate occupant protection when a side-facing seat/occupant/restraint system is subjected to statically applied ultimate loads and to dynamic test conditions set forth in Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 23, 25, 27, or 29. While this document addresses system performance, responsibility for the seating system is divided between the seat supplier and the installation applicant. The seat supplier’s responsibility consists of meeting all the seat system performance requirements and obtaining and supplying to the installation applicant all the data prescribed by this document.
Standard

Methods to Evaluate Impact Characteristics of Seat Back Mounted IFE Monitors

2018-09-13
CURRENT
ARP6330
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) defines means to assess the effect of changes to seat back mounted IFE monitors on blunt trauma to the head and post-impact sharp edges. The assessment methods described may be used for evaluation of changes to seat back monitor delethalization (blunt trauma and post-test sharp edges) and head injury criterion (HIC) attributes (refer to ARP6448 Appendix A Items 3 and 6, respectively). Application is focused on type A-T (transport airplane) certified seat installations.
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Developments in Magnesium Alloy Flammability Testing

2019-06-19
WIP
AIR6160A
This document provides informational background, rationale and a technical case to allow consideration of the removal of the magnesium alloy restriction in aircraft seat construction as contained in AS8049B. The foundation of this argument is flammability characterization work performed by the FAA at the William J. Hughes Technical Center (FAATC), Fire Safety Branch in Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA. The rationale and detailed testing results are presented along with flammability reports that have concluded that the use of specific types of magnesium alloys in aircraft seat construction does not increase the hazard level potential in the passenger cabin in a post-crash fire scenario. Further, the FAA has developed a lab scale test method, reference DOT/FAA/TC-13/52, to be used as a certification test, or method of compliance (MOC) to allow acceptability of the use of magnesium in the governing TSO-C127 and TSO-C39C.
Standard

Magnesium Alloys in Aircraft Seats - Developments in Magnesium Alloy Flammability Testing

2014-05-16
CURRENT
AIR6160
This document provides informational background, rationale and a technical case to allow consideration of the removal of the magnesium alloy restriction in aircraft seat construction as contained in AS8049B. The foundation of this argument is flammability characterization work performed by the FAA at the William J. Hughes Technical Center (FAATC), Fire Safety Branch in Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA. The rationale and detailed testing results are presented along with flammability reports that have concluded that the use of specific types of magnesium alloys in aircraft seat construction does not increase the hazard level potential in the passenger cabin in a post-crash fire scenario. Further, the FAA has developed a lab scale test method, reference DOT/FAA/TC-13/52, to be used as a certification test, or method of compliance (MOC) to allow acceptability of the use of magnesium in the governing TSO-C127 and TSO-C39C.
Standard

Gaining Approval for Seats with Integrated Electronics in Accordance with AC21-49 Option 7b

2011-06-20
HISTORICAL
AIR6448
This document provides an industry recommended framework for establishing a multi-party agreement to support approval of electronic components (e.g., actuation system, reading light, inflatable restraint, IFE, etc.) integrated in aircraft seats and provide a framework that allows seat manufacturers to build and ship completed, integrated, and approved seat assemblies with electronics included. The primary purpose of this document is to provide roles, responsibilities and accountabilities to meet AC 21-49 Section 7.b ‘Type Certification using TSO-approved seat with electronic components defined in TSO design’. This document may be applied to all applicable seat TSOs (C39(), C127()…etc). The approval for the integration of the electronics will fall, in part or in full, under the type design authority of the Seat Installer rather than the Seat Supplier shipping the integrated seat.
Standard

Gaining Approval for Seats with Integrated Electronics in Accordance with AC21-49 Option 7b

2019-08-07
CURRENT
AIR6448A
The primary purpose of this document is to provide roles, responsibilities and accountabilities to meet AC 21-49 Section 7.b ‘Type Certification using TSO-approved seat with electronic components defined in TSO design’. This document may be applied to all applicable seat TSOs (C39(), C127()…etc). The approval for the integration of the electronics will fall, in part or in full, under the type design authority of the Seat Installer rather than the Seat Supplier shipping the integrated seat. The defined responsibilities, areas of authority and accountability of each party, as well as necessary communication protocols, must ensure configuration management, design control and quality control. These definitions, controls and protocols are agreed (thru normal commerical agreements and binding contracts) and adhered to by all parties ensuring all parts in the supply chain remain approved (e.g. certified and conformed).
Standard

Method to Evaluate Aircraft Passenger Seats for the Test Requirements of 14 CFR Part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V

2017-02-02
CURRENT
ARP6199A
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) is only applicable to 14 CFR part 25 Transport Airplane passenger seats. This document provides an approach for determining which parts on aircraft seats are required to meet the test requirements of 14 CFR part 25 Appendix F, Parts IV and V. Such materials are referred to as Heat Release Special Conditions (HRSC) compliant]. Additionally, it is recommended to use HRSC compliant materials in applications where not required. Independent furniture related to seat installations is outside the scope of this document.
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