Lateral Stability and Improvement for a Prototype Pickup Truck Vehicle Using Multi-Body Dynamics Simulation Tools
Lateral Stability is an important attribute which must be accounted for in the pick-up truck segment vehicles. If designed in an improper way, undesirable effects such as oversteer or tail sway may occur. Excessive yaw rate magnitudes, or tail sway, can reduce the confidence of the driver during severe lane change events. The concept architecture of the vehicle plays an important role in how stable the vehicle will be. High yaw rate or tail sway during limit cornering was reported during prototype vehicle evaluations. The tested vehicle configuration incorporated a double wish bone front suspension with an antiroll bar and a rear solid axle suspension with leaf springs and an antiroll bar. The feedback was critically analysed using computer simulations of the condition found in on track testing. Since the vehicle was still with the validation team, quick solution was necessary. This paper discusses the process which resulted in improved vehicle performance.