Evaluation of Heavy Truck Ride Comfort and Stability
This paper presents a six degree of freedom full vehicle model simulating the testing of heavy truck suspensions to evaluate the ride comfort and stability using actual characteristics of gas charged single tube shock absorbers. The model is developed using one of the commercial multi-body dynamics software packages, ADAMS. The model incorporates all sources of compliance: stiffness and damping with linear and non-linear characteristics. The front and the rear springs and dampers representing the suspension system were attached between the axles and the vehicle body. The front and the rear axles were attached to a wheel spindle assembly, which in turn was attached to the irregular drum wheel, simulating the road profile irregularities. As a result of the drum rotation, sudden vertical movements were induced in the vehicle suspension, due to the bumps and rebounds, thus simulating the road profile.