Exhaust Purification of Diesel Engines by Homogeneous Charge with Compression Ignition Part 1: Experimental Investigation of Combustion and Exhaust Emission Behavior Under Pre-Mixed Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Method
A homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Diesel Combustion (HCDC) system has been experimentally studied for it's effect on exhaust purification of diesel engines. In this system, most fuel is injected into the intake manifold to form homogeneous pre-mixture in the combustion chamber beforehand and the pre-mixture is ignited with a small amount of fuel directly injected into the cylinder by a conventional injection system. Because this system performs homogeneous lean-burn, it can realize low emission which cannot be realized by conventional diesel engines without impairing ignition controllability in the operations ranging from idle to full load. In particular, although the operating regions were strictly limited, extremely low Nox emission levels of as low as 10 to 40 ppm were realized with maintaining low smoke emissions, when the ratio of pre-mixed fuel was increased up to approx. 98%.