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Technical Paper

Experimental and Numerical Study on Effects of Impingement Parameters on Fuel-Air Mixture Formation in the Near Wall Region for Diesel-DME Blended Fuels

Spray-wall impingement is an unavoidable physical process in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) diesel engines using early injection strategy which is the main source for the hydrogen carbon (HC) and monoxide (CO) emissions. Dimethyl ether (DME) is a potential fuel additive to decrease HC and CO emissions due to its higher oxygen content. However, issues relating to structural design and early injection timing mean spray-wall impingement still occurs when using the diesel-DME blended fuels, which directly affect the fuel-air mixture formation in the near wall region and further influence the emission characteristics. The better understanding for the effects of spray-wall impingement parameters on fuel-air mixture formation in near wall region for diesel-DME blended fuels is helpful for the improvement of HC and CO emissions for HCCI diesel engines.
Technical Paper

Catalytic Characteristic and Application Performance of Catalyzed DPFs Coated with Various Content of Precious Metal in China

Recent toxicological and epidemiologic studies have shown that diesel emissions have been a significant toxic air contaminant. Catalyzed DPF (CDPF) not only significantly reduces the PM mass emissions (>90%), but also further promotes carrier self-regeneration and oxidize more harmful gaseous pollutants by the catalyst coated on the carrier. However, some ultrafine particles and potentially harmful gaseous pollutants, such as VOCs species, originally emitted in the vapor-phase at high plume temperature, may penetrate through the CDPF filter. Furthermore, the components and content of catalyst coated on the CDPF could influence the physicochemical properties and toxicity intensity of those escaping ultrafine particles and gaseous pollutants. In this work, (1) we investigated the influence of precious metal content as a variable parameter on the physicochemical properties and catalytic activities of the small CDPF samples.