Experimental and Numerical Study on Effects of Impingement Parameters on Fuel-Air Mixture Formation in the Near Wall Region for Diesel-DME Blended Fuels
Spray-wall impingement is an unavoidable physical process in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) diesel engines using early injection strategy which is the main source for the hydrogen carbon (HC) and monoxide (CO) emissions. Dimethyl ether (DME) is a potential fuel additive to decrease HC and CO emissions due to its higher oxygen content. However, issues relating to structural design and early injection timing mean spray-wall impingement still occurs when using the diesel-DME blended fuels, which directly affect the fuel-air mixture formation in the near wall region and further influence the emission characteristics. The better understanding for the effects of spray-wall impingement parameters on fuel-air mixture formation in near wall region for diesel-DME blended fuels is helpful for the improvement of HC and CO emissions for HCCI diesel engines.