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Technical Paper

Suspension Performance and Energy Harvesting Property Study of a Novel Railway Vehicle Bogie with The Hydraulic-Electromagnetic Energy-Regenerative Shock Absorber

Systematic research on dynamic model, simulation analyses, prototype production and bench tests have been carried out in recent years on the most popular energy-harvesting shock absorbers-the mechanical motion rectifier (MMR), and the hydraulic-electromagnetic energy-regenerative shock absorber (HESA). This paper presents a novel application of the HESA into bogie system of railway vehicles. In order to study the differences of suspension performance and energy harvesting property between first suspension system and second suspension system of the application, simulation models are built in AMESim to make comparison studies on the different department suspensions caused by the nonlinear damping behaviors of the HESA. The simulation results show that the system can effectively reduce the impact between wheel and rail tracks, while maintaining good potential to recycle vibratory energy.
Technical Paper

Simulation Research of a Hydraulic Interconnected Suspension Based on a Hydraulic Energy Regenerative Shock Absorber

The current paper proposes a hydraulic interconnected suspension system (HIS) based on a hydraulic energy-regenerative shock absorber (HESA) comparatively with the passive suspensions. The structure and working principles of the HIS system are introduced in order to investigate the damping performance and energy regeneration characteristics of the proposed system. Then, the dynamic characteristics of the HIS-HESA system have been investigated based on a 4-DOF longitudinal half vehicle model. In the simulation, two different road inputs were used in the dynamic characterization of the HIS-HESA; the warp sinusoidal excitation, and the random road signal. In addition, a comparative analysis was provided for the dynamic responses of the half vehicle model for both the HIS-HESA and the conventional suspension. Furthermore, a parametric analysis of the HIS-HESA has been carried out highlining the key parameters that have a remarkable effect on the HIS-HESA performance.
Technical Paper

Energy-Harvesting Potential and Vehicle Dynamics Conflict Analysis under Harmonic and Random Road Excitations

Energy has the worldwide concern since the World War. Recently, the energy harvesting technology has got more attraction in different fields and applications. Hence, in a world where energy becomes rare and expensive, even the small quantities are worth to be harvested where it can be exploited in different applications. Vehicle suspension is one of the vibration power dissipation sources in which the undesired vibration is dissipated into heat waste. Accordingly, the principal motivation of this study is exploitation the conflict between the potentially harvested power and vehicle dynamics in automotive suspension system induced by road irregularity. Therefore, in terms of RMS conflict diagrams, the conflict between the potential power and vehicle dynamics are sufficiently and comprehensively defined considering a vehicle speed of 20 m/s.
Technical Paper

Controlling Methods Study on Damping Force of Hydraulic Electromagnetic Energy-Regenerative Absorber

This paper proposes a design of a new shock absorber with combined mechanical- electromagnetic- hydraulic structure, and expounds its working principles. This new type of absorber can recycle the vibration energy and transform it into electrical energy for use. However, in its working process, the damping force in extension stroke is always smaller than that in compression stroke, which is determined by the inner structure, while in traditional absorbers, it is just the opposite. This does not meet the practical demands. Directing at this problem, the paper puts out a way to make real-time adjustment to the damping force by controlling the generator load, and tests the feasibility with a simulation model built with AMESim. The test result reveals that the method is feasible. This contributes a lot to the future further research on active control.
Technical Paper

Structure Designs and Evaluation of Performance Simulation of Hydraulic Transmission Electromagnetic Energy-Regenerative Active Suspension

A new shock absorber with the combined mechanical-electromagnetic-hydraulic structure is proposed to recycle the energy dissipated by shock absorber in the process of driving. The suspension system built on the new shock absorber is generally called hydraulic transmission electromagnetic energy-regenerative suspension. This paper presents the working theories of the hydraulic transmission electromagnetic energy-regenerative suspension, and also builds a kinetics simulation model by applying the interdisciplinary soft ware AMESim. Based on the results of the simulation, the paper makes a comparison between the hydraulic transmission electromagnetic energy-regenerative suspension and the passive suspension, and the results reveal that the comprehensive performance of the former is superior to that of the latter, which proves the theoretical feasibilities of the energy-regenerative suspension of this structure to improve the ride comfort and the fuel economy.
Technical Paper

Energy Dissipation and Recovery of Vehicle Shock Absorbers

This paper presented a brief derivation of the energy dissipation by vehicle shock absorbers. Analysis between energy dissipation and damping coefficient, the road displacement power spectral density, the vehicle speed and the tire stiffness was carried out. Then an energy recovery scheme was put forward, and the bench test proved that the energy harvest scheme is feasible. In the end, this paper provided detailed derivation of the characteristics of the hydraulic electromagnetic energy-regenerative shock absorber, which increases its feasibility and practicability.
Technical Paper

Simulation based Evaluation of the Electro-Hydraulic Energy-Harvesting Suspension (EHEHS) for Off-Highway Vehicles

Nowadays, off-highway vehicles enjoyed a significant status in the national defense and civil construction. There is no doubt that the working conditions of off-highways are quite different from the conventional passenger cars, hence, their suspensions are particularly designed. Since the hydro-pneumatic suspension technology is maturely applied in engineering machinery, this paper presents a concept for a novel energy-harvesting device, which is applied in off-highway vehicles based on hydro-pneumatic suspension, namely, electro-hydraulic energy-harvesting suspension (EHEHS). The EHEHS took the fundamental of mechanism-electronic-hydraulic system, which consisted the following elements: a cylinder, 2 check valves, a hydro-pneumatic spring, a hydraulic motor, a DC motor, a processing circuit and a battery. In the EHEHS system, the cylinder is used to transmit the vibration energy into hydraulic energy, which is stored in hydro-pneumatic spring.