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Standard

Leaf Springs for Motor Vehicle Suspension - Made to Customary U.S. Units

2016-04-05
CURRENT
J510_201604
NOTE—For leaf springs made to metric units, see SAE J1123. This SAE Standard is limited to concise specifications promoting an adequate understanding between spring maker and spring user on all practical requirements in the finished spring. The basic concepts for the spring design and for many of the details have been fully addressed in HS-J788, SAE Information Report, Manual on Design and Application of Leaf Springs, which is available from SAE Headquarters.
Standard

Pneumatic Spring Terminology

2016-04-01
CURRENT
J511_201604
This pneumatic spring terminology has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications and descriptive material relating to pneumatic springs and their components. It does not include gas supply or control systems.
Standard

PNEUMATIC SPRING TERMINOLOGY

1989-06-01
HISTORICAL
J511_198906
This pneumatic spring terminology has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications and descriptive material relating to pneumatic springs and their components. It does not include gas supply or control systems.
Standard

LEAF SPRINGS FOR MOTOR VEHICLE SUSPENSION—MADE TO CUSTOMARY U.S. UNITS

1992-11-01
HISTORICAL
J510_199211
NOTE—For leaf springs made to metric units, see SAE J1123. This SAE Standard is limited to concise specifications promoting an adequate understanding between spring maker and spring user on all practical requirements in the finished spring. The basic concepts for the spring design and for many of the details have been fully addressed in HS-J788, SAE Information Report, Manual on Design and Application of Leaf Springs, which is available from SAE Headquarters.
Standard

Decorative Anodizing Specification for Automotive Applications

2013-03-28
CURRENT
J1974_201303
This SAE Recommended Practice is aimed at ensuring high-quality products of anodized aluminum automotive components in terms of durability and appearance. Decorative sulfuric acid anodizing has been well developed over the last several decades in the aluminum industry. Exterior and interior performance demonstrated that parts processed to this document meet long-term durability requirements. Since the treatment of processing variables is outside the scope of this document, it is important for applicators of this coating to develop an intimate knowledge of their process, and control all parameters that affect the quality of the end product. The use of techniques such as statistical process control (SPC), capability studies, design of experiments, process optimization, etc., are critical to produce material of consistently high quality.
Standard

Electroplating of Nickel and Chromium on Metal Parts - Automotive Ornamentation and Hardware

2012-05-11
CURRENT
J207_201205
This standard covers requirements for several types and grades of electrodeposited nickel/chromium coatings on ferrous or copper alloy basis metals and copper/nickel/chromium on zinc or aluminum alloys for the finishing and corrosion protection of decorative ornamentation and hardware of motor vehicles and marine controls and fittings. Four grades of coatings are provided to correlate with the service conditions under which each is expected to provide satisfactory performance, namely: very severe, severe, moderate, and mild. Definitions and typical examples of these service conditions are provided in Appendix A.1 Information contained in this document generally conforms to the information contained in ASTM B 456, Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Nickel plus Chromium.
Standard

Laboratory Corrosion/Fatigue Testing of Vehicle Suspension Coil Springs

2007-06-15
HISTORICAL
J2800_200706
This lab test procedure should be used when evaluating the combined corrosion and fatigue performance for a particular coating system, substrate, process and design. The test is intended to provide an A to B comparison of a proposed coil spring design versus an existing field validated coil spring when subjected to the combined effects of corrosion and fatigue. The corrosion mechanisms covered by this test include general, cosmetic and pitting corrosion. Fatigue testing covers the maximum design stress and/or stress range of the coil spring design (typically defined as excursion from jounce to rebound positions in a vehicle). The effects of gravel and heat are simulated by pre-conditioning the springs prior to fatigue testing. Time dependant corrosion mechanisms such as stress corrosion cracking are not addressed with this test.
Standard

Laboratory Corrosion/Fatigue Testing of Vehicle Suspension Coil Springs

2016-04-01
CURRENT
J2800_201604
This lab test procedure should be used when evaluating the combined corrosion and fatigue performance for a particular coating system, substrate, process and design. The test is intended to provide an A to B comparison of a proposed coil spring design versus an existing field validated coil spring when subjected to the combined effects of corrosion and fatigue. The corrosion mechanisms covered by this test include general, cosmetic and pitting corrosion. Fatigue testing covers the maximum design stress and/or stress range of the coil spring design (typically defined as excursion from jounce to rebound positions in a vehicle). The effects of gravel and heat are simulated by pre-conditioning the springs prior to fatigue testing. Time dependant corrosion mechanisms such as stress corrosion cracking are not addressed with this test.
Standard

Rated Suspension Spring Capacity

2004-10-25
CURRENT
J274_200410
The Rating Suspension Spring Capacity definition has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications and descriptive material and values relating thereto.
Standard

Steering Ball Studs and Socket Assemblies

1987-05-01
HISTORICAL
J491_198705
This SAE Recommended Practice has been established for the purpose of providing design criteria and suggested dimensional proportions which may be used for ball studs and ball stud socket assemblies as used on steering systems or control mechanisms of passenger vehicles, trucks and off-road equipment. The recommended practices does not cover all applications. It is intended to provide assistance in obtaining functional satisfaction and interchangeability. The inclusion of dimensional data in this report is not intended to imply that all the products described are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning stock production parts.
Standard

Steering Ball Studs and Socket Assemblies

1977-02-01
HISTORICAL
J491B_197702
This SAE Recommended Practice has been established for the purpose of providing design criteria and suggested dimensional proportions which may be used for ball studs and ball stud socket assemblies as used on steering systems or control mechanisms of passenger vehicles, trucks and off-road equipment. The recommended practices does not cover all applications. It is intended to provide assistance in obtaining functional satisfaction and interchangeability. The inclusion of dimensional data in this report is not intended to imply that all the products described are stock production sizes. Consumers are requested to consult with manufacturers concerning stock production parts.
Standard

Helical Springs: Specification Check Lists

2016-08-02
CURRENT
J1122_201608
The following SAE Recommended Practice furnishes sample forms for helical compression, extension and torsion springs to provide a uniform method for specifying design information. It is not necessary to fill in all the data, but sufficient information must be supplied to fully describe the part and to satisfy the requirements of its application. For detailed information, see “Design and Application of Helical and Spiral Springs - SAE HS 795”, also “Helical Compression and Extension Spring Terminology - SAE J1121”. Both of these documents use SI (metric) Units in accordance with the provisions of SAE TSB 003, as does SAE J1122. Here, however, the U.S. Customary Units (in, lb, psi) have been added in parentheses after each SI Unit for the convenience of the user who must furnish specifications on a project where all requirements are listed in non-metric terms.
Standard

Helical Springs: Specification Check Lists

2004-10-11
HISTORICAL
J1122_200410
The following SAE Recommended Practice furnishes sample forms for helical compression, extension and torsion springs to provide a uniform method for specifying design information. It is not necessary to fill in all the data, but sufficient information must be supplied to fully describe the part and to satisfy the requirements of its application. For detailed information, see “Design and Application of Helical and Spiral Springs - SAE HS 795”, also “Helical Compression and Extension Spring Terminology - SAE J1121”. Both of these documents use SI (metric) Units in accordance with the provisions of SAE TSB 003, as does SAE J1122. Here, however, the U.S. Customary Units (in, lb, psi) have been added in parentheses after each SI Unit for the convenience of the user who must furnish specifications on a project where all requirements are listed in non-metric terms.
Standard

Helical Compression and Extension Spring Terminology

2016-08-02
CURRENT
J1121_201608
The following recommended practice has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications for the major types of helical compression and extension springs. It is restricted to a concise presentation of items which will promote an adequate understanding between spring manufacturer and spring user of the major practical requirements in the finished spring. Closer tolerances are obtainable where greater accuracy is required and the increased cost is justified. For the basic concepts underlying the spring design and for many of the details, see the SAE Information Report MANUAL ON DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF HELICAL AND SPIRAL SPRINGS, SAE HS 795, which is available from SAE Headquarters in Warrendale, PA 15096. A uniform method for specifying design information is shown in the TYPICAL DESIGN CHECK LISTS FOR HELICAL SPRINGS, SAE J1122.
Standard

Helical Compression and Extension Spring Terminology

2006-09-12
HISTORICAL
J1121_200609
The following recommended practice has been developed to assist engineers and designers in the preparation of specifications for the major types of helical compression and extension springs. It is restricted to a concise presentation of items which will promote an adequate understanding between spring manufacturer and spring user of the major practical requirements in the finished spring. Closer tolerances are obtainable where greater accuracy is required and the increased cost is justified. For the basic concepts underlying the spring design and for many of the details, see the SAE Information Report MANUAL ON DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF HELICAL AND SPIRAL SPRINGS, SAE HS 795, which is available from SAE Headquarters in Warrendale, PA 15096. A uniform method for specifying design information is shown in the TYPICAL DESIGN CHECK LISTS FOR HELICAL SPRINGS, SAE J1122.
Standard

Performance Test Procedure-Ball Joints and Spherical Rod Ends

1981-09-01
HISTORICAL
J1367_198109
The purpose of this test procedure is to provide a uniform method of testing commercial spherical rod end bearings to determine their performance characteristics under specific application situations. This procedure is an extension of the dimensional requirements for spherical rod end bearings as set forth in SAE J1120 and J1259. The loads, number of cycles, definition of failure, etc., are to be agreed to by the user and supplier. This procedure can also be used as the basis for testing ball joints covered by SAE J490.
Standard

Performance Test Procedure - Ball Joints and Spherical Rod Ends

2012-10-15
CURRENT
J1367_201210
The purpose of this test procedure is to provide a uniform method of testing commercial spherical rod end bearings to determine their performance characteristics under specific application situations. This procedure is an extension of the dimensional requirements for spherical rod end bearings as set forth in SAE J1120 and J1259. The loads, number of cycles, definition of failure, etc., are to be agreed to by the user and supplier. This procedure can also be used as the basis for testing ball joints covered by SAE J490.
Standard

UNDERVEHICLE COUPON CORROSION TESTS

1990-01-01
HISTORICAL
J1293_199001
This document is a road test procedure for comparing the corrosion resistance of both coated and uncoated sheet steels in an undervehicle deicing salt environment.
Standard

RECOMMENDED GUIDELINES FOR LOAD/DEFORMATION TESTING OF ELASTOMERIC COMPONENTS

1993-02-01
HISTORICAL
J1636_199302
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to review factors that influence the behavior of elastomeric components under conditions of loading or deforming at a constant rate and to provide guidance concerning test procedures used to define or specify the load/deformation characteristics of elastomeric components. This characteristic is referred to as Static Stiffness. This is also referred to as a "Static Deflection Test."
Standard

Recommended Guidelines for Load/Deformation Testing of Elastomeric Components

2017-01-05
CURRENT
J1636_201701
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to review factors that influence the behavior of elastomeric components under conditions of loading or deforming at a constant rate and to provide guidance concerning test procedures used to define or specify the load/deformation characteristics of elastomeric components. This characteristic is referred to as Static Stiffness. This is also referred to as a "Static Deflection Test."
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