Development of an Advanced Solid Amine Humidity and CO2 Control System for Potential Space Station Extravehicular Activity Application
The Extravehicular Activity (EVA) operations for Space Station (SS) require that a regenerable carbon dioxide (CO2) absorber be developed for the manned Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU). A concept which employs a solid amine resin to remove metabolic CCL and water vapor from the breathing air within the space suit is being developed by the Hamilton Standard Division of United Technologies Corporation under Contract NAS 9-17480 with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC). The solid amine is packed within a water cooled metal foam matrix heat exchanger to remove the exothermic heat of chemical reaction. After completion of the EVA mission, the amine is regenerated on board the Space Station within the heat exchanger using a combination of heat and vacuum. This paper describes the concept design features, operational considerations and test results during simulated laboratory conditions.