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Technical Paper

Development of an Advanced Solid Amine Humidity and CO2 Control System for Potential Space Station Extravehicular Activity Application

The Extravehicular Activity (EVA) operations for Space Station (SS) require that a regenerable carbon dioxide (CO2) absorber be developed for the manned Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU). A concept which employs a solid amine resin to remove metabolic CCL and water vapor from the breathing air within the space suit is being developed by the Hamilton Standard Division of United Technologies Corporation under Contract NAS 9-17480 with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Johnson Space Center (JSC). The solid amine is packed within a water cooled metal foam matrix heat exchanger to remove the exothermic heat of chemical reaction. After completion of the EVA mission, the amine is regenerated on board the Space Station within the heat exchanger using a combination of heat and vacuum. This paper describes the concept design features, operational considerations and test results during simulated laboratory conditions.
Technical Paper

Development of a Regenerate Humidity and CO2 Control System for an Advanced EMU

A five hour regenerate, nonventing Humidity and CO2 Control Subsystem (HCCS) technology demonstration unit is being developed for potential use in an Advanced Extravehicular Mobility Unit (AEMU) for Space Station application. The HCCS incorporates a weak base anion exchange resin packed in a metal foam matrix heat exchanger. This system simultaneously removes CO2 and water vapor with the resulting exothermic heat of reaction rejected to the heat exchanger. The system has no moving parts resulting in a highly reliable, simple configuration. Regeneration may be accomplished via internal heating and vacuum.
Technical Paper

A Regenerable Solid Amine CO2 Concentrator for Space Station

A regenerable solid amine CO2 control system, which employs water vapor for desorption, is being developed for potential use on long duration space missions. During cyclic operation, CO2 is first absorbed from the cabin atmosphere onto the granular amine. Steam is then used to heat the solid amine bed and desorb the CO2. This paper describes the solid amine system operation and application to the Shuttle Orbiter, Manned Space Platform (MSP) and Space Operations Center (SOC). The importance and interplay of system performance parameters are presented together with supporting data and design characteristics.
Technical Paper

Development Status of Regenerable Solid Amine CO2 Control Systems

Recent development of the solid amine/water desorbed (SAWD) CO2 control system technology has resulted in two preprototype systems. The SAWD I system was developed under NASA Contract NAS9-13624 and is currently under test in the NASA Johnson Space Center, Crew Systems Division Advanced Environmental Control Systems (ECS) Laboratory. The SAWD II system is being developed at Hamilton Standard Division of United Technologies (HSD) under NASA Contract NAS9-16978. This paper reviews the development history of solid amine CO2 control systems and describes the SAWD I and SAWD II systems. In the development of the SAWD II system, special attention was given to reducing its power requirements and to designing the system to be compatible with zero-gravity operation. Energy saving features are discussed, and the zero-gravity solid amine canister test program and selected design are described.
Technical Paper

Development of Solid Amine CO2 Control Systems for Extended Duration Missions

This paper briefly discusses the development history of solid amine CO2 control systems, describes two distinct CO2 control system concepts, and presents the performance characteristics for both system concepts. The first concept (developed under NASA Contract NAS9-13624) incorporates a solid amine canister, an automatic microprocessor controller, and an accumulator to collect CO2 and to provide regulated CO2 delivery to an oxygen recovery system. This system is currently operating in the Crew Systems Division's Advanced Life Support Development Laboratory (ALSDL). The second system concept (being developed under NASA Contract NAS9-16978) employs multiple solid amine canisters, an advanced automatic controller and system status display, the ability to regulate CO2 delivery for oxygen recovery, and energy saving features that allow system operation at lower power levels than the first concept.