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Technical Paper

The Determination of the Optimal Parameters of the Actuator of the Automatic Control System of the Diesel Crankshaft Rotation Frequency

The actuator is the essential part of the automatic control system of the diesel crankshaft rotation frequency. The actuator on base of the linear electromagnet is considered. The purpose of this paper is to determine the conditions of receiving minimum of the weight and to optimize the parameters of the actuator. The exact calculation of the leakage of the magnetic flux and the parameters of magnetic circuit allows to find the characterisctics of the actuator precisely. In order to investigate the magnetic field in the axi-simmetric and planar complex shaped bodies such a stator and rotor of the electrical machines we have to solve Maxwell equations in these bodies. In this paper we use the Finite element method to calculate the magnetic field because it makes possible to avoid the dificulties connected with the complex shape of the system. The results of this paper allows to choose the material, configuration and parameters of the actuator optimally.
Technical Paper

Relay Microprocessor System for Controlling the Fuel Feed in the Diesel

The relay control is known to permit the design of the control systems invariant with respect to outer disturbances. The features of the offered method include the relay control for each state variable and the changing value of the output signal of the relay element. To improve the electronic controller of the diesel rotation frequency a number of variants for developing the scheme structure of controlling the fuel feed in the diesel with high pressure pump are considered on the basis of digital model. In introducing feedbacks of all state variables the structures realized by means of analog (proportional) and ralay controllers were compared.
Technical Paper

Electronic System for Control of the Fuel Feed in the Diesel D-160

The design of the electronic fuel feed control system on the D-160 tractor diesel as well as its features and the prinicples of operation are presented in the paper. The preliminary bench and field tests on the T-170 tractor, the system passed, revealed its advantages.
Technical Paper

Generator for Vehicle Applications, Based on the Field Regulated Reluctance Machine

This paper describes the generator's principle of operation, experimental characteristics, and compares it with other types of generators. As a rule, motor vehicle generators operate under severe conditions, therefore mandating brushless operation as a design requirement. Brushless generators, designed on the basis of synchronous machines with stator independent excitation, have high specific power parameters. In generating mode, the synchronous machine with stator excitation possesses certain features and advantages which are considered in the report. It is shown, that it is necessary to divide circuits of output windings and windings for excitation, which in turn allows simplification of the power circuits and the excitation converters. The output winding circuits can be executed for operation with a three-phase bridge rectifier. For feeding of the excitation circuits, use of half wave structures is proposed.
Technical Paper

Weight and Dimensional Parameters of a Power Drive for Electrical Vehicle

The electric drive with the synchronous electrical machine of independent excitation differs by high specific parameters, adaptability to manufacture, simplicity of a design, and reliability. These properties of the electric drive allow using it in heavy conditions of operation. In particular, it can be recommended to use in electrical vehicles. The electric motor for this electric drive can be executed with two separate stator windings. Therefore, there are additional benefits connected to an opportunity of change of geometry of an iron stator stamp of the given type motor. In this report, the principle of operation of the electric drive with control system is considered. The different variants of a stator design of the electrical machine are discussed. The stator design allows improve of the mass and weight parameters of the electric machine. For the offered stator designs, the comparison of specific parameters (relationship of the nominal torque to load current) is carried out.
Technical Paper

The Electric Drive of a Tram with an Average Floor

The urban trams with a low floor are more convenient for the passengers, and with a high floor - more cheaply and more technologically during manufacturing and operation. The combined advantages those and others in themselves are trams with average height of a floor, but for this purpose it is necessary to lower height of tram carriages, that is reached by application of electric motors with a small stator external diameter. It is offered in this the perspective electric drive on the base of the synchronous motor with independent excitation. The salient rotor poles of the motor do not contain windings. The motors stator is carried out on the base of the stator body of regular AC electric motor. The multiphase winding is located in the stator. A winding section, which conductors settle down above the between rotor poles, carry out a role of the excitation winding, and others, which conductors lay above poles, - a role of the armature winding.
Technical Paper

New Brushless Synchronous Machine for Vehicle Application

The results of theoretical and experimental investigations of the special synchronous machine and the electrical drive on its base are submitted. This paper covers the principle of operation the brushless synchronous machine, its experimental characteristics, comparison with other types of motors, technique of account of the electromagnetic torque, functional circuits of the electric drive with the independent excited synchronous reactive motor (FRRM - Field Regulated Reluctance Machine). It is the most favorable application of the considered electric drive in the vehicles with heavy conditions of operation, where such are urgent it advantages, as: brushless, high rigidity of the shaft, large overloads on the torque. It can be used in the regular cars for starter generators, in pure-electrical and hybrid-electrical vehicles for power drive, in independent power generating installations with high-speed of the gas turbine engine and so on.