Directional Response of Partially Filled Tank vehicles
The directional dynamics of partially filled articulated tank vehicles is investigated via computer simulation assuming constant forward velocity. The directional response characteristics of an articulated tank vehicle is investigated for various steering manoeuvres and compared to that of an equivalent rigid cargo vehicle to demonstrate the destabilizing effects of liquid load shift. It is concluded that during a steady steer input, the distribution of cornering forces caused by the liquid load shift yields considerable deviation of the path followed by the tank vehicle. The lateral load shift encountered in a partially filled tank vehicle during lane change and evasive type of highway manoeuvres gives rise to roll and lateral instabilities.