A Study on the Influnce of Intel Angel and Reynolds Number on the Flow-Pattern of Uniflow Scavenging Air
A cylinder of a model uniflow scavenging engine filled with air at room temperature was scavenged with hot air, and arrival time of the scavenging air was detected with a thermocouple at 20 positions in the cylinder. And shape of front surface of the scavenging air was obtained from these data: The front surface with medium intensity swirl port has a peak in the central part at low running speed, but as the speed increases, it becomes flat causing scavenging efficiency the highest. And finally, a depression appears at its center at very high running speed. Assuming this phenomenon to be analogous to “vortex breakdown” investigated by T.Sarpkaya and others, the authors have proposed a method to determine a geometry of scavenging port that gives the highest scavenging efficiency at a desired Reynolds number, and verified its availability.