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SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2000-04-01

2000-04-01
Simulating cab noise and vibration Researchers at kubota and Doshisha University have established a prediction method for the engine-idling state using statistical energy analysis. Manufacturing cost estimating Caterpillar's ACT Group uses Micro Estimating Systems' computer-aided estimating program to increase efficiency and decrease operating costs in powder-metal part manufacturing. In search of greener pastures Agricultural OEMs are looking at the total life cycle to develop more environmentally conscious products and processes. Emissions and lubrication More stringent diesel emissions legislation is placing an increased burden on engine lubricant in the form of soot loading.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2001-09-01

2001-09-01
Bridging the power gap An alliance between Cummins and Komatsu provides an intriguing prospect to the industrial engine market with the new QSK78 industrial engine. Large eddy simulation in hydraulic valves Cavitation in hydraulic spool valaves involves large-scale vortical structures in an unsteady submerged jet. According to engineers from Purdue University, curent CFD approaches do not accurately predict these unsteady vortices, nor do they properly account for bubble-dynamics/flow-structure interactions. Proving heavy-vehicle performance The Nevada Automotive Test Center and Mechanical Dynamics joined forces to redesign and improve the drivetrain, frame, steering, and other subsystems of a heavy-duty military-vehicle for the USMC. Tying it all together GPS. Engine diagnostics. Wireless communications. So much technology. So many voices. Is it a chorus of the Tower of Babel?
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2006-10-01

2006-10-01
Making sense of engines Heavy-duty equipment is known for its ruggedness in harsh environments, but vehicles are not neglecting their sensitive side. The world's fastest digger gets closer JCB's Dieselmax goes 350 mph and teaches engineers much about engine capability, extreme testing, and program management. The whole system, and nothing but the system Properly implemented, an electrohydraulic system can add a great deal of automatic control, advanced performance, advanced diagnostics, and remote monitoring to a mobile application. Regenerative hydraulics The use of multiple hydraulic pumps can satisfy the needs of various circuits in off-highway equipment. The gas is greener Biofuels promise to help reduce petroleum cinsumption and CO2 emissions, but much of the potential depends on production and infrastructure investments. Material returns Effective use of materials information is important to engineers in development of parts and components.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2006-09-01

2006-09-01
Integration helps fuel push for conservation As rising fuel prices and looming environmental regulations bring fuel economy to the fore, hydraulic system developers are pitching in to improve efficiency and help conserve precious resources. Simulating hydraulic valve pressure drop CFD software is being used more and more frequently during the design of off-highway systems and components. 2006 Commercial Vehicle Congress Preview International Truck and Engine executives head the charge for "positive industry change" at SAE's third Congress for the on-and off-highway communities. Position sensing in machine controls As performance requirements for off-highway equipment become more demanding, the need for greater control of motion and power grows as well.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2008-09-01

2008-09-01
Shrinking hydraulics The push to conserve fuel and reduce emissions is prompting major changes in system design. Aftertreatment temperature control Regeneration of a DPF burns off soot, but also raises exhaust gas temperature. Speed thrills: doing more tests in less time Quicker data gathering, simulation keep quality high despite time crunch. Green engineering The quest to alleviate environmental and efficiency pressures turns up 'small' material solutions with big benefits. A global forum Cummins executives lay the groundwork for a lively and informative discussion at this year's Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress & Exhibition.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2001-04-01

2001-04-01
Operator station innovations Off-highway engineers work hard to provide comfort, ease of operation, and reliability to users. As an added challenge, they must design for operators who can spend an entire day working hard in their cab. Designing online Major developments in internet-based technologies are profoundly changing the engineering/design process, revolutionizing the way OEMs and suppliers do business, and speeding the industry's time-to-market. FEA simulation of an electrohydraulic system Researchers from the Milwaukee School of Engineering provide an accurate model of a typical magentic actuator Predicting injury in forklift upsets Researchers from the Biomechanics Institute present test results that demonstrate operators can prevent ejection and injury from a forklift if they are lap-belted and have either a winged seat or hip restraint.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2003-02-01

2003-02-01
The evolution of diesel emissions control The development of clean diesel has been a saga of evolution punctuated by occasional milestones. Heavy-duty engine emissions tests Ricardo recently commissioned from Emprise a new full-dilution emissions measurement system at its Chicago Technical Center. Air entrainment in hydraulic systems Researchers from Opus Systems and Hosei University designed a device to remove bubbles or foam in working oils for improved performance. Turbocompounding revisited Scania has introduced a new in-line six-cylinder engine that uses technology developed 20 years ago to meet tomorrow's emissions requirements.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2004-12-01

2004-12-01
Body building Caterpillar takes it upon itself to design a body for payload, performance, and durability. Getting on board with simulation Digital development is becoming more widespread and moving into areas and industries that have other long-established traditional design methods. 2004 technology in review A look back at some of the msot significant technological innovations in the news over the past year. Tradition, transition, and transformation SAE 100 Future Look: SAE reflects on a proud and rich transportation industry.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2005-12-01

2005-12-01
Delivering simulation benefits Product-development software tools are being put to good use in many off-highway industry segments. Movingalong with stationary power Performance, reliability, and cleanliness are just a few of the golden rules for all engines, whether they are propelling a tractor or powering a barn. Frames adapt to changing environments Heavy-equipment frames do not often get a lot of attention from customers, due mainly to the fact that they get plenty of attention during the design cycle. 2005 technology in review A look back at some of the most significant technological innovations in the news during the past year, as deemed by readers and editors.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2003-12-01

2003-12-01
Top technologies of 2003 A review of the 10 most significant stories published in SAE Off-Highway Engineering over the past years, as selected by the magazine's readers and editors. manufacturing gets a makeover Supply-chain management and automation add efficiency to the process. Simulation goes off road The off-highway industry is using computer modeling to reduce cost and save time in a variety of ways. Full-throttleflexibility Design, engineering, supply-chain management, and other factors pave the way for "manufacturing-that-can-turn-on-a-dime" capability at Oshkosh Truck Corp. High-speed-hauling system The global market for articulated dump trucks continues to be increasingly competitive with a seemingly endless stream of new model introductions.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2000-02-01

2000-02-01
Hydrostatic drives in heavy equipment The benfits of using modern hydrostatic components in conjunction with shiftable gearboxes and computer controls include a large control range, precise control of traction effort and speed, and high efficiency. Dynamic simulation of tracked vehicles Researchers from Purdue University, the Federal University of Vicosa, and Caterpillar, have developed a soil/track interface simulation program to model mechanical and hydraulic powertrains commonly found in tracked vehicles.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2004-02-01

2004-02-01
heavy-duty visions MTU and DDC devoted engineers toward the development of engine technology for future military-vehicle applications. Smooth operation The interface between man and the machine can be made more comfortable, not to mention more productive, via the use of electronics. History of gerotor hydraulics The first part in a retrospective of the development of gerotor technology, the engineers behind the breakthroughs, and an acquisition here and there. Advances in fuel injection Engineers from Delphi address drive-circuit modeling and analysis of electronically controlled fuel injectors for heavy-duty diesel engines. CAE in hydraulics Analysis solves problems dealing with NVH and complicated dynamics inherent in check-valve design, development, and organization.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2005-03-01

2005-03-01
Engine electronics come of age Changes in global standards, combined with engineering know-how, have resulted in a new generation of clean, quiet, and efficient engines. Operators are rolling in the chips Microprocessors and sensors are being combined to monitor the way that equipment is being used, then help operators to perform better in that environment. Gaining weight Perkins' influence in the off-highway industry grows as it evolves its global engine lines and expands its presence in the U.S. What's new at CONEXPO-CON/AGG, Part 2 of 2 A preview of some of the products and technologies that will be displayed at this year's event, scheduled March 15-19 in Las Vegas, NV. Engineering a career Off-highway companies are challenged not only by the ever-changing technology landscape, but also by finding the engineering talent to help them succeed in it.
Magazine

SAE Off-Highway Engineering 2008-03-01

2008-03-01
In search of the perfect burn The simultaneous download pressures on NOx and PM continue to make research into higher injection pressures and alternative combustion solutions such as homogenous-charge compression ignition attractive. One way to stop a train A new self-energizing electrohydraulic brake offers the advantages of hydraulic brake actuation without the disadvantages of a centralized hydraulic power supply. A model combustion: from art to science Analysis tools, advanced hardware provide insight into combustion process, refining the cylinder's 'big bang.' The datalinked vehicle In the fields and on the job site with GPS.
Magazine

Aerospace Engineering 2004-06-01

2004-06-01
Showing how it's done Engineers are using software to better manage product development data, and applying tools to a new class of problems. NASA goes deep The agency's new long-term space exploration program starts with a return to the moon and will ultimately enable future exploration of Mars and other solar system destinations. Farnborough preview In an event that happens just once every two years, bringing the multitudes together, it is important to get as much technology as possible into the open and to find solutions to hard problems. Seats under crash loading The FAA and academia have conducted aircraft seat drop tests to compare and contrast passenger crash protection. A fluid approach Aerospace engineers have started using CFD software earlier and earlier in the design process.
Magazine

Aerospace Engineering 2001-02-01

2001-02-01
Low-altitude wind shear Researchers investigate the influences of low-altitude wind shear on takeoff, landing, and other low-level flight. Prepare for launch Lockheed Martin and its suppliers are gearing up activities to launch the first Atlas V launch vehicle before the end of the year. Modeling aircraft hydraulic systems Honeywell Normalair Garrett Ltd. and Flowmaster Inc. have developed a new approach to managing the complex and varied tasks required for the simulation of aircraft systems.
Magazine

Aerospace Engineering 2006-10-01

2006-10-01
A deeper dive Simulation and testing continue to evolve, giving engineers more capabilities to find and fix errors before aircraft go into production. Europe: The empty cockpit The growing momentum behind the design and manufacture of UAVs and their potential integration into the global environment is bringing outstanding technology challenges and ooprtunities for the aerospace industry. U.S. manufacturing base shifts into high gear. Both military and civilian contractors are ramping up to meet demands of both war and commerce.
Magazine

Aerospace Engineering & Manufacturing 2009-05-01

2009-05-01
An eye for detail Manufacturers hone next-generation designs with advanced measurement and inspection tools. Emissions progress New European research and development efforts aim to achieve step changes in engine emissions performance. Seeing virtually everything Simulating larger systems helps engineers understand more interactions.
Magazine

Aerospace Engineering 2003-05-01

2003-05-01
Le Bourget trends and issues The 45th Paris Air Show will provide industry players a gathering place to discuss the past, present, and future after two years of seemingly non-stop challenges to the industry. Working on the floor Automated data-capture technologies can obtain, validate, and process time, labor, and other information for improved productivity and efficiency in aerospace manufacturing. Space-age materials A team of researchers are studying the properties of cosmic rays to gain a better understanding of the radiation environment encountered during space travel. Avionics testing IFR has designed a new navigation communications ramp test set to replace its industry-standard workhorse.
Magazine

Aerospace Engineering 2005-05-01

2005-05-01
F-35 manufacturing ergonomics addressed Human-factors simulation from Delmia is playing a key role as Northrop Grumman tools up for work on the Joint Strike Fighter. Keeping it together: design, development, and maintenance It is only in relatively recent years that the full meaning of integrating manufacturing and maintenance as part of the design and development processes has been grasped by the aerospace industry. Exploring the boundaries of our solar system SAE 100 Future look: In addition to helping enable NASA's new vision of taking humans back to the moon and paving the way to Mars and beyond, two robotics space science missions are preparing to explore the outermost and innermost edges of our solar system. What's on the horizon for space SAE 100 Future look: Dramatic changes in the Earth's climate are certain to drive humanity's search for alternative fuel sources.
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