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Technical Paper

A Method to Evaluate Impact of Power Steering on Fuel Economy and Optimization

2019-01-09
2019-26-0309
Vehicle manufacturers strive hard to achieve best in class fuel economy. Apart from light weighting of the structures, driveline optimization and reduction of tire rolling resistance, tapping of parasitic losses is also important and helps to optimize the design of auxiliary power consuming systems. One of such system studied in this work is power steering system. The effect of parasitic losses on fuel economy is predominant for small commercial vehicle compare to heavy vehicles. The evaluation of deterioration in the fuel economy due to implementation of power steering system on one of the small commercial vehicle is carried out using multiple virtual simulation tools. Virtual route profile is modelled using longitude, latitude and altitude data captured through GPS and steering duty cycle is mapped in terms of steering rotation angle. A system level model of hydraulic power steering system is developed.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of the Tire Wear Possibility due to Non-Steerable Twin Tire Lift Axle on Heavy Commercial Vehicle

2019-01-09
2019-26-0066
The commercial vehicle market in India is shifting to higher payload capacity vehicles due to a lower transportation cost per unit goods. To cater this requirement, the vehicle manufacturers are designing the heavy multi-axle commercial vehicles and with higher per axle loading capacity. One of such a vehicle design involves five-axle vehicle with non-steerable, twin tire, lift axle. Though using a twin tires have increased loading capacity of lift axle compared to a single tire self-steerable lift axle, it can cause tire scrub while vehicle is turning and leads to a significant tire wear. The tire wear possibility due to use of non-steerable lift axle is estimated through simulation using full vehicle model in ADAMS. The operating zone of the vehicle, where maximum tire wear can occur, is identified through simulation. Different alternatives to reduce tire wear for this scenario are also discussed.
Technical Paper

Simulation of Heavy Commercial Vehicle Response to Rear Super Single Tire Blow Out

2017-01-10
2017-26-0341
The fuel economy of heavy commercial vehicles can be significantly improved by reducing the rolling resistance of tires. To reduce the rolling resistance of 6×4 tractor, the super single tires instead of rear dual wheel tires are tried. Though the field trials showed a significant increase in fuel economy by using super single tires, it posed a concern of road safety when these tires blowout during operation. Physical testing of tire blowout on vehicle is very unsafe, time consuming and expensive. Hence, a full vehicle simulation of super single tire blowout is carried out. The mechanical properties of tires such as cornering stiffness, radial stiffness and rolling resistance changes during the tire blowout; this change is incorporated in simulation using series of events that apply different gains to these mechanical properties.
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