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Technical Paper

Cornering and Wear Characteristics of the Space Shuttle Orbiter Nose-Gear Tire

Tests of the Space Shuttle Orbiter nose-gear tire have been completed at NASA Langley's Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility. The purpose of these tests was to determine the cornering and wear characteristics of the Space Shuttle Orbiter nose-gear tire under realistic operating conditions. The tire was tested on a simulated Kennedy Space Center runway surface at speeds from 100 to 180 kts. The results of these tests defined the cornering characteristics which included side forces and associated side force friction coefficient over a range of yaw angles from 0° to 12°. Wear characteristics were defined by tire tread and cord wear over a yaw angle range of 0° to 4° under dry and wet runway conditions. Wear characteristics were also defined for a 15 kt crosswind landing with two blown right main-gear tires and nose-gear steering engaged.
Technical Paper

Shuttle Orbiter Arrestment System Studies

Scale model studies of the Shuttle Orbiter Arrestment System have been completed. The system was tested with a 1/27.5 scale model at the NASA Langley Research Center and a 1/8 scale model at All American Engineering Company. The purpose of these studies was to determine the proper net arrestment system configuration to bring the Orbiter to a safe stop in the event of a runway overrun with minimal damage. Tests were conducted for centerline engagements and off-center engagements at simulated speeds up to 95 knots full scale. The results of these studies defined the net-orbiter interaction, corrections to prevent underwing engagements, corrections necessary to prevent net entanglement in the main gear, the dynamics of off-centerline engagements, and the maximum number of vertical straps that might become entangled with the nose gear.
Technical Paper

Aircraft Radial-Belted Tire Evaluation

An overview is given of the ongoing joint NASA/FAA/Industry Surface Traction And Radial Tire (START) Program being conducted at NASA Langley's Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility (ALDF). The START Program involves tests using three different tire sizes to evaluate tire rolling resistance, braking, and cornering performance throughout the aircraft ground operational speed range for both dry and wet runway surfaces. Preliminary results from recent 40 x 14 size bias-ply, radial-belted, and H-type aircraft tire tests are discussed. The paper concludes with a summary of the current program status and planned ALDF test schedule.
Technical Paper

26 X 6.6 Radial-Belted Aircraft Tire Performance

Preliminary results from testing of 26 X 6.6 radial-belted and bias-ply aircraft tires at NASA Langley's Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility (ALDF) are reviewed. These tire tests are part of a larger, on going joint NASA/FAA/Industry Surface Traction and Radial Tire (START) Program involving three different tire sizes. The 26 X 6.6 tire size evaluation includes cornering performance tests throughout the aircraft ground operational speed range for both dry and wet runway surfaces. Static test results to define 26 X 6.6 tire vertical stiffness properties are also presented and discussed.
Technical Paper

Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility, A Unique Facility with New Capabilities

The Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility (ALDF), formerly called the Landing Loads Track, is described. The paper gives a historical overview of the original NASA Langley Research Center Landing Loads Track and discusses the unique features of this national test facility. Comparisions are made between the original track characteristics and the new capabilities of the Aircraft Landing Dynamics Facility following the recently completed facility update. Details of the new propulsion and arresting gear systems are presented along with the novel features of the new high-speed carriage. The data acquisition system is described and the paper concludes with a review of future test programs.