Analyses of Several Space Radiation-Mitigating Materials: Computational and Experimental Results
Long-term exposure to the space radiation environment poses deleterious effects to both humans and space systems. The major sources of the radiation effects come from high energy galactic cosmic radiation and solar proton events. In this paper we investigate the radiation-mitigation properties of several shielding materials for possible use in spacecraft design, surface habitats, surface rovers, spacesuits, and temporary shelters. A discussion of the space radiation environment is presented in detail. Parametric radiation shielding analyses are presented using the NASA HZETRN 2005 code and are compared with ground-based experimental test results using the Loma Linda University Proton Therapy facility.