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Technical Paper

Optical Multiplexed Transmission System using High Temperature Polymer Fiber

A multiplexed transmission system utilizing newly developed optical polymer has been proposed. The system is composed of a star-shaped optical network, in which optical signals can be transmitted bi-directionally through a fiber and optical branches between the central and local controllers. The new polymer optical fiber has been developed and adopted for this system, and it was designed to be durable to the high temperature in automotive engine rooms. The high temperature resistibility of the fiber has been achieved with utilization of a thermo-setting resin for the core materials. The optical loss characteristics of the fiber is as low as 0.50 dB/m at 660 nm wavelength.
Technical Paper

Study on Mixture Formation and Ignition Process in Spark Ignition Engine Using Optical Combustion Sensor

Mixture formation and the ignition process in 4 cycle 4 cylinder spark ignition engines were investigated, using an optical combustion sensor that combines fiber optics with a conventional spark plug. The sensor consists of a 1-mm diameter quartz glass optical fiber cable inserted through the center of a spark plug. The tip of the fiber is machined into a convex shape to provide a 120-degree view of the combustion chamber interior. Light emitted by the spark discharge between spark electrodes and the combustion flames in the cylinder is transmitted by the optical cable to an opto-electric transducer. As a result, the ignition and combustion process which depends on the mixture formation can be easily monitored without installing transparent pistons and cylinders. This sensor can give more accurate information on mixture formation in the cylinders.
Technical Paper

Optical Fiber Gyroscopes for Automobiles

This paper reviews the technological aspects and characteristics of optical fiber gyroscopes, and discusses their automotive applications. The optical system of an all-fiber gyroscope and the fiber optic components to build it are described. An optical phase modulation scheme to improve the sensitivity and the signal processing for the modulated output are discussed. The specifications of some packaged optical fiber gyroscopes are explained. An earth's rotation detection experiment is demonstrated to show the higher performance. The potential automotive related applications of the gyroscope are forecasted. One of the off-board uses of the sensor is the vibration measurements of a vehicle. When used onboard, the optical fiber gyroscopes will improve the navigation accuracy. A navigation result utilized the sensor with a map matching algorithm is reported. The gyroscopes may also be applied to future chassis controls.
Technical Paper

Highly Heat-Resistant Plastic Optical Fibers

Plastic optical fiber has been widely used in the field of short distance optical transmission. However heat resistance of commercial plastic fiber is so low that its applications are limited. Then, a plastic fiber of thermosetting acrylate resin core has been developed. This fiber shows 80%/m retention of light transmittance at 1m after 1,000 hours at 150°C. It resists heat deformation and withstands up to 200 °C for a short time period. Tests show this fiber has desirable mechanical characteristics, along with good environmental resistance. In addition, a fiber which has a silicon resin as a core material was developed which has even better heat resistance.