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Book

The Practical Reference Guide for Corrosion of Welds - Causes and Cures

1999-01-01
Expert witness and AWS lecturer Ted V. Weber draws upon his lengthy experience as a materials troubleshooter for DuPont to present this succinct introduction to basic corrosion mechanisms. It includes pitting, intergranular corrosion, stress corrosion cracking, erosion, crevice and galvanic corrosion, and selective leaching. Full color digital photos illustrate the costly destruction caused by corrosion in welds. The author offers clear advice on how to avoid and correct corrosion, including alloying for resistance.
Book

Toyota Kata

2009-08-04
This game-changing book puts you behind the curtain at Toyota, providing new insight into the legendary automaker's management practices and offering practical guidance for leading and developing people in a way that makes the best use of their brainpower. Drawing on six years of research into Toyota's employee-management routines, Toyota Kata examines and elucidates, for the first time, the company's organizational routines—called kata—that power its success with continuous improvement and adaptation. The book also reaches beyond Toyota to explain issues of human behavior in organizations and provide specific answers to questions such as: • How can we make improvement and adaptation part of everyday work throughout the organization? • How can we develop and utilize the capability of everyone in the organization to repeatedly work toward and achieve new levels of performance?
Referee Material

AMS-STD-595A/10032

2016-05-01
AMS-STD-595A Color Chips Precise Color Matching, Individual Color Chips: A 3 x 5 inch color chip supplied in a 3 x 5 inch protective envelope for each AMS-STD-595 color, suitable for matching quality control inspection purposes. SAE Product Code: EA-10032 AMS-STD-595 – Colors Used in Government Procurement. This standard presents the colors used by Government Activities in a format suitable for color selection matching and for quality control inspection for paints and coatings. Standard is used with DoD and other Federal Agencies as a primary source of color reference.
Book

Technology for Magnesium Castings

2011-01-01
The latest casting and processing technologies have raised the importance of magnesium in the transportation industry. As a structural material with low density and a very high strength-to-weight ratio, magnesium can reduce vehicle weight and, in turn, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase fuel economy. This book provides valuable information on: • melt control • process control • casting and solidification • heat treatment • materials selection • various casting processes The 18 chapter authors are world-class scientists, professors and engineers with countless years of industrial and laboratory experience. Each chapter was also reviewed by qualified metallurgists/materials engineers from the metalcasting industry, academia and research laboratories to ensure that only the highest quality information was accepted for publication.
Book

Lectures of the 32nd International Vienna Motor Symposium

2011-05-05
Proceedings from the 32nd International Vienna Motor Symposium now available through SAE International. One of the most prestigious conferences on engine development in the industry today, the International Vienna Motor Symposium, now in its 32nd year, gathers world renowned experts to discuss the current and future state of motor technology. According to Dr. Hans Peter Lenz, president of the Austrian Society of Automotive Engineers, who opened this year’s conference, markets are now in a better position to understand how internal combustion engines and electrified powertrains can actually complement each other. Presenters offered their input and experience in the development of new technologies enabling higher levels of fuel efficiency and power, longer range and a cleaner way for the mobility industry to move forward. The proceedings, available in two volumes and a CD, contain all the technical papers given during the meeting, both in English and in German.
Book

Toyota R&D Technical Review 2009

2009-08-01
Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2009 technical developments, this book includes 24 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities during that year. This volume has a special focus on automotive safety and ITS, and 12 of the papers highlight developments in those areas. Title highlights include: Safety and ITS • The Evolution of GOA for Crash Safety • Pre-Crash Safety: Autonomous Integrated Safety Technology • Assist System for Enhancing Driver Vision at Night Other Technical Areas • A Study on Friction Materials for Reducing Brake Squeal by Nanotechnology • Newly Developed AR Engine Series • Development of Bio-Based Plastics for Injection Molding
Book

Toyota R&D Technical Review 2011

2011-08-01
Giving unique insight into Toyota's 2011 technical developments, this book includes 18 papers that chronicle the Japanese OEM's R&D activities in a variety of technologies during that year. This volume has a special focus on next-generation electric storage, and 10 of the papers highlight developments in such things as batteries, fuel cells and next-generation energy. Title highlights include: Next Generation Electric Storage and Its Applications • Secondary Battery Development for Hybrid Vehicles at Toyota • Development Trends and Popularization Trends for Fuel Cell Vehicles • Renewable Energy and Its Effective Usage Other Technical Areas • Drivetrain Development for the Lexus LFA • Development of Scratch-Resistant Universal Clear Coat • Development of Environmentally Friendly Machining Process for Aluminum Parts
Standard

Plastic Windshield Washer Tubing

2018-09-11
WIP
J3182
This SAE Standard covers nonreinforced, extruded, plastic tubing intended primarily for use as fluid lines for automotive windshield washer systems which conform to the requirements of SAE J942.
Magazine

Automotive Engineering: June 2018

2018-06-01
Underway on nuclear power Ford Motor Co. CTO Dr. Ken Washington is driving new approaches to technology innovation—from inside and outside the enterprise. Silicon drives autonomy movement Renesas’ Amrit Vivekanand explains how the software and semiconductors that underlie the industry’s rapid transition are rapidly evolving. Automotive propulsion ‘On a journey’ CTO Jeff Hemphill explains how Schaeffler Group is blending its longstanding mechanical-systems expertise with critical investment in electrification and autonomy. Steeling for reduced mass and higher strength New 3rd-generation AHSS and steel-polymer hybrid tech aim to cut mass by up to 30%—and take a bite out of aluminum’s business. Balancing the rumble and roar Multiphysics simulation is part of the development toolset at Mahindra Two Wheelers, as the Indian motorcycle and scooter maker expands into global markets with larger bikes. Le Mans 2018: can anyone beat Toyota’s hybrids?
Book

Welding Aluminum - Questions and Answers, 2nd Edition

2010-01-01
This practical guide to troubleshooting aluminum welding-related problems is based on real-life questions and answers from author Tony Anderson's long-running column in the Welding Journal. The 2nd edition of this book was produced in order to include additional sections that enhance the already comprehensive material that was included in the 1st edition.
Technical Paper

Surface Treatments and Characterization of Electroplated and Hot Dip Galvanized Steel Sheets

1996-04-01
91A126
Protection of surfaces is a critical factor in determining the extended service life of a structure in polluted and aggressive environments. In particular, a rapid growth of the technology for the protecting coating of cold rolled steel is experienced, for the use in transport, electric housewares, building and industrial plants. Numerous changes have taken place in the production of zinc coatings on steel in order to improve the corrosion resistance using zinc alloy platings. Our research group collected from the international production a number of selected galvanized steel samples, including electrodeposited zinc alloys, multilayer coatings, hot dip galvanized steels. On the selected materials we established and analyzed morphology, composition, crystal structure, impurity content and distribution, using many surface microanalysis techniques.
Technical Paper

Recycling Potential of Polymers

1996-04-01
91A123
In order to reduce the volume of waste in general and of shredder waste from the disposal of scrap cars, the German Federal Government has prepared a draft regulation, which will be implemented unless the automotive industry and the distributors of imported cars take action on their own to achieve these objectives. The regulation provides that the car manufacturers are fully responsible for the environmentally controlled disposal of scrap cars. The return of scrap cars to the work industry must be free of change for the last owner. A nation-wide network for the return of scrap cars must be implemented by end of 1993. To reduce the amount of shredder waste the automotive industry is expected to practice recycling on non-metallic materials. Facilities required for thermal treatment of residues, which cannot be recycled, are to be installed on account of the originator, i.e. the automotive industry.
Technical Paper

New Materials and Experiences for the Industrialization of Pu Structural Rim Technology

1996-04-01
91A122
Processes involving use of reactive polymers received recently considerable attention also for producing components suitable for automotive structural applications. In particular polyurethane structural RIM technology seems to be the route of choice in terms of productivity, reliability and physico- mechanical performances in order to fit the automotive industry needs in the production of parts requiring superior load bearing properties. In this frame the development of long pot life snap-cure resins, fast and effective reinforcement preforming techniques as well as the development of computerized provisional processing methodologies are of paramount importance in view of industrialization of the technology. In this paper a description of the work carried out by Enichem Montedipe and Montedison is given. In particular a new family of PU systems, based on special isocyanate variants, is reported.
Technical Paper

Recycling Automobiles: a Problem of Environment and Resources

1996-04-01
91A130
The socio-economic system is coming to the conclusion that the environment will no longer tolerate and absorb all of man's interventions, and that natural resources no longer constitute a cheap and inexhaustible source of wealth. In this scenario of the limits of nature and ever-increasing environmental costs, we are faced with the problem of recovering and reusing the materials which go into the manufacture of an automobile. The replacement of metal materials with polymer materials leads to a reduction in the re-usable waste, and to an increase in the amount of waste with no economic value, or even with a negative economic value. The use of the non-ferrous and non-aluminous materials in an automobile is beyond the capabilities of new techniques for scrapping automobiles, which means that at the end of their lives, the automobiles must be disassembled, sorted on the basis of the constitute materials, recovered and recycled.
Technical Paper

Application of Shape Memory Heat Engines to Improving Vehicle Fuel Economy

1996-04-01
91A128
Shape memory materials undergo temperature-induced martensitic phase transformations that involve reversible dimensional changes. In performing these changes in shape, the shape-memory material is able to do work against external constraints, and this is the basis for shape-memory low-temperature heat engines. The transformation temperatures on heating and cooling are often not very different (little hysteresis) and are well defined and reproducible. Furthermore, these temperatures can be adjusted by varying the composition of the shape memory alloy. Internal combustion engines dissipate approximately two-thirds of the fuel energy as heat to the exhaust and coolant systems. A low-temperature heat engine could convert a fraction of this heat energy to useful work. This paper discusses the conceptual basis for the application of shape memory heat engines to internal combustion engine powered vehicles. Metallurgical and thermodynamic factors are discussed, as well as engine efficiency.
Technical Paper

State of the Art in the Use of Stainless Steel for Bus and Car Parts Manufacture

1996-04-01
91A127
The paper describes recent developments in the use of stainless steel to make the parts of buses which are most liable to corrosion. Sheet metal is used for the outer panelling, and square and rectangular tubes for the body. The types of steel used and their fabrication are analyzed. Finally, a brief description is given of the stainless steels used to make car exhaust systems.
Technical Paper

Simulors, An Innovative Tool for Molds Development

1996-04-01
91A117
Mold designers and foundrymen spend a lot of time in developing molds without knowing exactly the phenomena which take place inside. Simulor, which has been used in an industrial environment for two years, offers the solution to make foundrymen understand what happens during the filling of the mold and the solidification of the part. Based on navier-stokes and heat transfer equations, simulor provides speed distribution and metal front evolution in the cavity and thermal map in the mold and the part. Some examples with different metals (cast iron, aluminum alloy) cast with various processes (sand or die casting, low pressure or gravity casting) will be given. This new tool will given foundrymen the opportunity to test the mold before having it machined and will also allow reduction in development delays.
Technical Paper

Integration and Validation of Sheet Metal Forming Simulation Computer Programs Into the Design Process

1996-04-01
91A121
In order to improve the design of drawn parts and to reduce the number of trial and error tests, Renault has undertaken the development and the validation of various finite element procedures and codes. This paper describes the function of each software and its level of integration into the design process. One of them is already an operational tool used be planners whilst the others are still in the validation phase. Selected examples show typical applications of the computer programs on automotive parts.
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