This SAE Recommended Practice applies to rigid bumper or rigid structure points and flexible components of passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and light trucks. This document is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change to keep pace with experience and technical advances.
In "Simulation Tools for Engine Design" engineers from Ricardo Software discuss the use of simulation software in new powertrain development. Another engineer, this time from General Motors, talks about how simulation tools helped them solve the challenge of fuel flow reversion while designing the new turbocharged Cadillac V6 engine. This episode highlights: • The challenge of simulating complex and combined systems in one vehicle • An example of how a library of components in a software package can be chosen to form a specific system and analyzed • How computational fluid dynamics simulation tools were used to help redesign a new planum
This SAE Standard covers reinforced hose, or hose assemblies, intended for conducting liquid and gaseous dichlorodifluoromethane (refrigerant 12) in automotive air-conditioning systems. The hose shall be designed to minimize permeation of refrigerant 12 and contamination of the system and to be serviceable over a temperature range of −30 to 120 °C (−22 to 248 °F). Specific construction details are to be agreed upon between user and supplier.1 NOTE—R12 refrigerant has been placed on a banned substance list due to its ozone depletion characteristics. SAE J51 specification will be phased out as new automotive A/C systems are using R134a. SAE J2064 is the Standard for refrigerant 134a hose. For refrigerant 134a use, refer to SAE J2064.
This collection covers advances in the development and application of models and tools involved in multi-dimensional engine modeling: advances in chemical kinetics, combustion and spray modeling, turbulence, heat transfer, mesh generation, and approaches targeting improved computational efficiency. Papers employing multi-dimensional modeling to gain a deeper understanding of processes related to turbulent transport, transient phenomena, and chemically reacting, two-phase flows are included in this collection.
Blast cleaning may be defined as a secondary manufacturing process in which a suitable stream of solid particles is propelled with sufficient velocity against a work surface to cause a cleaning or abrading action when it comes in contact with the workpiece. As indicated in the definition, blast cleaning may be employed for a variety of purposes. Ordinarily, it is considered as a method for removing sand from castings, burrs or scale from forgings, mill products, or heat treated parts; to promote machinability, and to minimize the possibility of interference in actual operation. In addition to this use, blast cleaning also produces an excellent surface for industrial coatings. All these objectives are often accomplished in the one operation.
This book looks at the first century of the Detroit Auto Show, the largest auto show in the world for many years. From the first show at the Detroit Light Guard Armory in 1899 to the January 1999 show at Cobo Hall, this fascinating book details the show's evolution over 100 years, and how it became the industry's most prominent event. The First Century of the Detroit Auto Show introduces pioneers such as William Metzger, who was instrumental in organizing the first show and played a prominent role in many shows of the early 1900s. Each year's show is covered in a chapter which includes information on the major players of the show, products featured, size, exhibitors, decor, opening ceremonies, admission fares, and entertainment. The book features over 100 historical and nostalgic photos to bring the reader in touch with the culture of the automotive industry and society at the time.
Fuel cell technology is developing at a rapid pace, thanks to the increasing awareness of the need for pollution-free power sources. Moreover, new developments in catalysts and improved reliability have made fuel cells viable candidates in a road range of applications, from small power stations, to cars, to laptop computers and mobile phones. Building on the success of the first edition, Fuel Cell Systems Explained presents a balanced introduction to this growing area. "In summary, an altogether satisfying book that puts within its covers the academic tools necessary for explaining fuel cell systems on a multidisciplinary basis." - Power Engineering Journal "An excellent book...well written and produced."- Journal of Power and Energy
This SAE Standard establishes a vocabulary and definitions relating to the components used in fuel injection systems for compression ignition (diesel) engines. Definitions are separated into six sections by topic as follows: Section 3— Fuel Injection Pumps Section 4— Fuel Injectors Section 5— Unit Injectors Section 6— Governors Section 7— Timing Devices Section 8— High Pressure Pipes and Connections NOTE— When the word "fuel" is used in the terms listed it may be omitted providing there can be no misunderstanding.
The Hose Measurement Task Force conducted a round-robin study to determine the measuring capability of automotive suppliers and users to simultaneously measure the Inside Diameter (ID), Outside Diameter (OD), Wall Thickness (Wall), and Wall thickness Variation (WV) of hose using a laser-based, non-contact LOTIS QC-20 gauging device. Three (3) companies (all end users) participated in this testing with one of the three companies performing the GR&R calculations presented herein. Based upon the round-robin study this report will detail procedures, test measuring devices, results, and conclusions.