This document is an annex to EIA Engineering Bulletin SSB-1, Guidelines for Using Plastic Encapsulated Microcircuits and Semiconductors in Military, Aerospace and Other Rugged Applications (the latest revision). This document provides reference information concerning acceleration factors commonly used by device manufacturers to model failure rates in conjunction with statistical reliability monitoring. These acceleration factors are frequently used by OEMs in conjunction with physics of failure reliability analysis to assess the suitability of plastic encapsulated microcircuits and semiconductors for specific end use applications.
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide general information relative to the nature and use of eddy current techniques for nondestructive testing. The document is not intended to provide detailed technical information but to serve as an introduction to the principles and capabilities of eddy current testing, and as a guide to more extensive references listed in Section 2.
1.1 A bolt-load retention (BLR) test is a practical test to determine the bolt load of a fastener joint with time and at given temperatures. There are three types of BLR tests described in this standard, namely general-purpose test, design-purpose test, and screening material test. A general-purpose BLR test may be used for screening materials, while a design-purpose BLR test is usually used to verify the BLR behavior of a specific joint. The screening material test is an example of the general-purpose test for typical automotive applications. 1.2 The test procedures provides guidance in the following areas: (a) BLR sample and test fixture, (b) test fastener, washer and nut, (c) bolt-load measurement and data acquisition, (d) heating device, (e) initial loading, (f) baseline test, and (g) instrumentation of strain gages and calibration (see Appendix B).
Blast cleaning may be defined as a secondary manufacturing process in which a suitable stream of solid particles is propelled with sufficient velocity against a work surface to cause a cleaning or abrading action when it comes in contact with the workpiece. As indicated in the definition, blast cleaning may be employed for a variety of purposes. Ordinarily, it is considered as a method for removing sand from castings, burrs or scale from forgings, mill products, or heat treated parts; to promote machinability, and to minimize the possibility of interference in actual operation. In addition to this use, blast cleaning also produces an excellent surface for industrial coatings. All these objectives are often accomplished in the one operation.