Refine Your Search




Search Results


Refrigerant 12 Automotive Air-Conditioning Hose

This SAE Standard covers reinforced hose, or hose assemblies, intended for conducting liquid and gaseous dichlorodifluoromethane (refrigerant 12) in automotive air-conditioning systems. The hose shall be designed to minimize permeation of refrigerant 12 and contamination of the system and to be serviceable over a temperature range of −30 to 120 °C (−22 to 248 °F). Specific construction details are to be agreed upon between user and supplier.1 NOTE—R12 refrigerant has been placed on a banned substance list due to its ozone depletion characteristics. SAE J51 specification will be phased out as new automotive A/C systems are using R134a. SAE J2064 is the Standard for refrigerant 134a hose. For refrigerant 134a use, refer to SAE J2064.

Spark Arrester Test Carbon

This SAE Standard establishes physical properties required of SAE Coarse Test Carbon and SAE Fine Test Carbon and establishes test methods to ensure that these requirements are met.

The Electric and Hybrid Electric Car

This book examines trends in electric car development from a global perspective, with many examples drawing from the author's own experiences in the American and European automotive industries. Beginning with the scientific discoveries that made electric vehicle technology possible at the outset of the 20th century, author Michael H. Westbrook provides a thorough discussion of the technology's early history. Though initially overtaken by the unstoppable rise of the internal combustion engine, interest in electric vehicles began to reappear in the 1960s due to their low-emissions potential. But it was not until the passage of a California law in 1990 mandating the sale of zero-emissions vehicles (ZEVs) that major automakers began serious development of the technology.

Fuel Cell Systems Explained, Second Edition

Fuel cell technology is developing at a rapid pace, thanks to the increasing awareness of the need for pollution-free power sources. Moreover, new developments in catalysts and improved reliability have made fuel cells viable candidates in a road range of applications, from small power stations, to cars, to laptop computers and mobile phones. Building on the success of the first edition, Fuel Cell Systems Explained presents a balanced introduction to this growing area. "In summary, an altogether satisfying book that puts within its covers the academic tools necessary for explaining fuel cell systems on a multidisciplinary basis." - Power Engineering Journal "An excellent book...well written and produced."- Journal of Power and Energy


This report is an abbreviated summary of metallurgical joining by welding, brazing, and soldering. It is generally intended to reflect current usage in the automotive industry; however, it does include some of the more recently developed processes. More comprehensive coverage of materials, processing details, and equipment required may be found in the Welding Handbook, Soldering Manual, and other publications of the American Welding Society and the American Society for Testing and Materials. AWS Automotive Welding Committee publications on Recommended Practices are particularly recommended for the design or product engineer. This report is not intended to cover mechanical joining such as rivets or screw fasteners, or chemical joining processes such as adhesive joining.