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Designing with Elastomers for Use at Low Temperatures, Near or Below Glass Transition

2003-12-30
HISTORICAL
AIR1387C
To ensure success in design of elastomeric parts for use at low temperature, the design engineer must understand the peculiar properties of rubber materials at these temperatures. There are no static applications of rubber. The Gaussian theory of rubber elasticity demonstrates that the elastic characteristic of rubber is due to approximately 15% internal energy and the balance, 85%, is entropy change. In other words, when an elastomer is deformed, the elastomer chain network is forced to rearrange its configuration thereby storing energy through entropy change. Thermodynamically, this means that rubber elasticity is time and temperature dependent (Reference 25). The purpose of this report is to provide guidance on low temperature properties of rubber with the terminology, test methods, and mathematical models applicable to rubber, and to present some practical experience.
Standard

Designing with Elastomers for use at Low Temperatures, Near or Below Glass Transition

2016-01-15
CURRENT
AIR1387D
To ensure success in design of elastomeric parts for use at low temperature, the design engineer must understand the peculiar properties of rubber materials at these temperatures. There are no static applications of rubber. The Gaussian theory of rubber elasticity demonstrates that the elastic characteristic of rubber is due to approximately 15% internal energy and the balance, 85%, is entropy change. In other words, when an elastomer is deformed, the elastomer chain network is forced to rearrange its configuration thereby storing energy through entropy change. Thermodynamically, this means that rubber elasticity is time and temperature dependent (Reference 25). The purpose of this report is to provide guidance on low temperature properties of rubber with the terminology, test methods, and mathematical models applicable to rubber, and to present some practical experience.
Standard

AGE CONTROL OF AGE SENSITIVE ELASTOMERIC MATERIALS

1975-05-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1364
This report summarizes data and background relative to age control of specific classes of those nitrile type synthetic elastomers used in sealing devices which are resistant to petroleum base hydraulic fluids, lubricating oils and aircraft fuels. This includes, but is not limited to, those nitrile (NBR or BUNA-N) elastomers specifically covered by Section I of MIL-STD-1523.
Standard

Age Control of Age Sensitive Elastomeric Materials

1995-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1364A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) summarizes data and background relative to age control of specific classes of those nitrile type synthetic elastomers used in sealing devices which are resistant to petroleum base hydraulic fluids, lubricating oils, and aircraft fuels. This includes, but is not limited to, those nitrile (NBR or BUNA-N) elastomers previously covered by Section I of MIL-STD-1523.
Standard

Age Control of Age Sensitive Elastomeric Materials

2018-04-11
CURRENT
AIR1364B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) summarizes data and background relative to age control of specific classes of those nitrile type synthetic elastomers used in sealing devices which are resistant to petroleum base hydraulic fluids, lubricating oils, and aircraft fuels. This includes, but is not limited to, those nitrile (NBR or BUNA-N) elastomers previously covered by Section I of MIL-STD-1523.
Standard

Rings, Sealing, Butadiene-Acrylonitrile (Nbr) Rubber Synthetic Lubricant Resistant 67-75

1980-07-01
HISTORICAL
AMS7272D
This specification covers a butadiene-acrylonitrile (NBR) rubber in the form of molded rings. These rings have been used typically as sealing rings in contact with diester synthetic lubricants in service up 150 degrees C (302 degrees F), but usage is not limited to such applications. The cross-section of such rings is usually not over 0.275 inch (6.98 mm) in diameter or thickness.
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