This document is an annex to EIA Engineering Bulletin SSB-1, Guidelines for Using Plastic Encapsulated Microcircuits and Semiconductors in Military, Aerospace and Other Rugged Applications (the latest revision). This document provides reference information concerning acceleration factors commonly used by device manufacturers to model failure rates in conjunction with statistical reliability monitoring. These acceleration factors are frequently used by OEMs in conjunction with physics of failure reliability analysis to assess the suitability of plastic encapsulated microcircuits and semiconductors for specific end use applications.
The purpose of this SAE Information Report is to provide general information relative to the nature and use of eddy current techniques for nondestructive testing. The document is not intended to provide detailed technical information but to serve as an introduction to the principles and capabilities of eddy current testing, and as a guide to more extensive references listed in Section 2.
This SAE Standard covers reinforced hose, or hose assemblies, intended for conducting liquid and gaseous dichlorodifluoromethane (refrigerant 12) in automotive air-conditioning systems. The hose shall be designed to minimize permeation of refrigerant 12 and contamination of the system and to be serviceable over a temperature range of −30 to 120 °C (−22 to 248 °F). Specific construction details are to be agreed upon between user and supplier.1 NOTE—R12 refrigerant has been placed on a banned substance list due to its ozone depletion characteristics. SAE J51 specification will be phased out as new automotive A/C systems are using R134a. SAE J2064 is the Standard for refrigerant 134a hose. For refrigerant 134a use, refer to SAE J2064.
This collection covers advances in the development and application of models and tools involved in multi-dimensional engine modeling: advances in chemical kinetics, combustion and spray modeling, turbulence, heat transfer, mesh generation, and approaches targeting improved computational efficiency. Papers employing multi-dimensional modeling to gain a deeper understanding of processes related to turbulent transport, transient phenomena, and chemically reacting, two-phase flows are included in this collection.
1.1 A bolt-load retention (BLR) test is a practical test to determine the bolt load of a fastener joint with time and at given temperatures. There are three types of BLR tests described in this standard, namely general-purpose test, design-purpose test, and screening material test. A general-purpose BLR test may be used for screening materials, while a design-purpose BLR test is usually used to verify the BLR behavior of a specific joint. The screening material test is an example of the general-purpose test for typical automotive applications. 1.2 The test procedures provides guidance in the following areas: (a) BLR sample and test fixture, (b) test fastener, washer and nut, (c) bolt-load measurement and data acquisition, (d) heating device, (e) initial loading, (f) baseline test, and (g) instrumentation of strain gages and calibration (see Appendix B).
Blast cleaning may be defined as a secondary manufacturing process in which a suitable stream of solid particles is propelled with sufficient velocity against a work surface to cause a cleaning or abrading action when it comes in contact with the workpiece. As indicated in the definition, blast cleaning may be employed for a variety of purposes. Ordinarily, it is considered as a method for removing sand from castings, burrs or scale from forgings, mill products, or heat treated parts; to promote machinability, and to minimize the possibility of interference in actual operation. In addition to this use, blast cleaning also produces an excellent surface for industrial coatings. All these objectives are often accomplished in the one operation.
This SAE Standard presents the standard sizes, important dimensions, specialized measurement techniques, and tolerances for split type bushings. Both SI and inch sizes are shown; their dimensions are not exact equivalents. New designs shall use SI units. Unless specifically stated as ±, all tolerances are total.
This SAE Parts Standard provides dimensional and quality assurance requirements for studs in the following configurations in standard materials used for ship system applications: a Continuous thread studs in UNRC and 8UNR series in the following threads and diameters: UNRC threads (1/4 through 4 inches) UNRF threads (1/4 through 1-1/2 inches) 8UNR threads (1-1/8 through 4 inches) b Double end studs (clamping type) where both ends are of the same minimum thread length in the following threads and diameters: UNRC threads (1/4 through 4 inches) UNRF threads (1/4 through 1-1/2 inches) 8UNR threads (1-1/8 through 4 inches) Different thread forms on each end are permissible. c Double end studs (tap end type) where the tap end thread length is equivalent to 1-1/2 nominal diameters: Tap End Thread Forms and Diameters Nut End Thread Forms and Diameters NC-5 interference-fit tap end threads (1/4 through 1-1/2 inches) UNRC threads (1/4 through 4 inches) UNRC threads (1/4 through 4 inches) UNRF threads (1/4 through 1-1/2 inches) UNRF threads (1/4 through 1-1/2 inches) 8UNR threads (1-1/8 through 4 inches) 8UNR threads (1-1/8 through 4 Inches)