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Technical Paper

Multi-body Dynamics Based Gear Mesh Models for Prediction of Gear Dynamics and Transmission Error

2010-04-12
2010-01-0897
Gear trains applied to automotive transmissions and combustion engines are potential excitation sources of undesired whine noise. Consequently, the prediction of gear whine issues in an early stage of the product development process is strongly requested. Beside the actual excitation mechanism which is closely related to the gear's transmission error, the vibratory behavior (e.g. resonances) of other affected components like shafts, bearings and housing plays an important role in terms of structure borne noise transfer. The paper deals with gear contact models of different degree of detail, which are embedded in a multi-body dynamics (MBD) environment. Since gear meshing frequency and their harmonics may easily reach up to 5 kHz or even 10 kHz, applied gear contact models must be highly efficient with respect to calculation performance. Otherwise, major requirements of the development process in terms of process time can not be satisfied as is the case with FEA-based contact models.
Technical Paper

Modelling and Simulation of General Path Centrifugal Pendulum Vibration Absorbers

2015-09-06
2015-24-2387
The aim of this paper is the study of the Centrifugal Pendulum Vibration Absorber (CPVA) dynamic behavior, with the background of improved vibration isolation and damping quality through a wide range of operating speeds. The CPVAs are passive devices, which are used in rotating machinery to reduce the torsional vibration without decreasing performance. After a first use of these damping systems in the field of aeronautics, nowadays CPVAs are employed also in railway and automotive applications. In principle, the CPVA is a mass, mounted on a rotor, which moves along a defined path relative to the rotor itself, driven by centrifugal effects and by the rotor's torsional vibrations. The advantage that such absorbers provide is the capability to counteract torsional vibrations arising with frequencies proportional to the mean operating speed. This is in particular the case with Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) where the induced vibrations are caused by the combustions process.
Technical Paper

Multi-Physics Simulation Model for Noise and Vibration Effects in Hybrid Vehicle Powertrain

2014-06-30
2014-01-2093
Over the past 30 years, simulation of the N&V (Noise and Vibration) behaviour of automotive drivelines became an integral part of the powertrain development process. With current and future HEVs (Hybrid-Electrical Vehicles), additional phenomena and effects have entered the scene and need to be taken into account during layout/design as well as optimization phase. Beside effects directly associated with the e-components (namely electric whistle and whine), torque changes caused by activation/deactivation of the e-machine give rise to vibration issues (e.g. driveline shuffle or clonk) as well. This is in particular true for transient operation conditions like boosting and recuperation. Moreover, aspects of starting the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) using the built-in e-machine in conjunction with the dynamic behaviour of torsional decoupling devices become increasingly important. In order to cope with above-mentioned effects a multi-physics simulation approach is required.
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