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Technical Paper

Correlation Study of Oil Strainer Mounting Bracket for Dynamic Loading

Oil strainer is used in engine oil sump, which prevents dirt, scale and other particle from clogging downstream orifice. In this paper, dynamic analysis was carried out using FEA tool. As a part of dynamic analysis, constrained modal analysis and frequency response (steady state dynamics) analysis was done. Frequency response analysis was done for different engine exciting frequency at different service load (vibration amplitude). Modal superposition method is used for doing frequency response analysis and load is applied as base excitation. The natural frequency from modal analysis and stress response from frequency response analysis is well correlated with test results. Based on achieved good correlation with test, several design modification could be carried out in CAE before finalizing the final design.
Technical Paper

Reliability Testing: Predictor Effect Analysis on Engine Mounts

The Indian automotive sector is experiencing a major shift, focusing predominantly towards the levels of quality, reliability and comfort delivered to the customer. Since the entry of global players into the market, there is a rising demand for timely product launches with utmost priority to reliability. In any vehicle, engine isolation systems play a critical role in isolating the engine vibrations from the vehicle chassis. This project details on how testing can aid in reducing the launch time as well as estimating the reliability of the component when used in a different application/vehicle. It proposes a methodology to formulate a life model for the engine mount considering various combinations of predictor parameters affecting its performance over its design life. In order to maintain good correlation with the field (which considers the loading pattern and the environmental factors), warranty data was analyzed and the predictors were chosen appropriately.
Technical Paper

Advance Manufacturing Method to Meet Various Strength Requirements in CABIN Structure

CABIN design is continuously undergoing a huge change for reasons of customer comfort on for meeting regulatory requirement. Consequently the strategic design process will not only consider need for high strength structures but a pragmatic research based approach utilizing the latest technology. Though cab structure is built by a sheet metal blank as per the required dimensions, some locations encounter great amounts of stress and must be designed to withstand the same in a durable way. A possible simpler practice would be to add reinforcements in the high stress area or use high strength material for the entire part. However in this approach weight and cost of the component will be increased. As the weight of the Cabin, vehicle increases this will impact fuel efficiency. Attempts have been taken like using composite materials.
Technical Paper

Failure Analysis and Design Optimisation of Steering Linkage Pivot Shaft of Commercial Vehicle

Commercial vehicles have steering systems with one or more steering links connecting the steering gear box pitman arm and front axle steering arm. In case of twin steer vehicles, intermediate pivot arm is used to transfer the motion proportionately between the two front axles. Intermediate pivot arm is also used in some longer front over-hang vehicles to overcome their packaging constraints and to optimize the mechanical leverage. The pivot shaft is a mechanical part of the intermediate pivot arm assembly upon which pivot arm can swivel in one axis. Steering forces transferred through the drag links generates resultant forces and bending moments on the pivot shaft. In this work, study has been carried out on premature failure of the pivot shaft in city bus application model (Entry + 1 step). Metallurgical analysis of failed part indicated the failure to be due to fatigue. Pivot shaft was tested in rig with similar load conditions in order to replicate the failure.
Technical Paper

Comparison of Optical Strain Analysis and Circular Grid Analysis in Sheet Metal Forming

The sheet metal forming is conventionally studied using circular grid analysis. The recent developments in image processing techniques have made more accurate prediction of forming strains possible. Optical strain analysis is difficult for shop floor quality because of the higher cost of the system. Besides, the optical strain analyzer demands certain illumination requirements. Hence, conventional circular grid analysis is preferred for formability inspection at shop floor level. This paper focuses in benchmarking the circular grid analysis technique against the optical strain analysis for an automotive component. In the current work, the results of finite element analysis of a stamping process are initially validated with more accurate optical strain analysis. Later, the validation is done separately with circular grid analysis and the results of circular grid analysis are compared against that of optical strain analysis.
Technical Paper

Field Failure Simulation of a Non-reactive Suspension Tie Rod for Heavy Commercial Vehicle Using a Road Simulator

The suspension system in a vehicle isolates the frame and body from road shocks and vibrations which would otherwise be transferred to the passengers and goods. Heavier goods vehicles use tandem axles at the rear for load carrying. Both the axles should be inter-connected to eliminate overloading of any one axle when this goes over a bump or a ditch. One of the inter-connecting mechanism used is leaf spring with tie rod, bell crank & linkages, when the first rear axle moves over a bump, the linkages equalize the loading on the second rear axle. This paper details about the failure analysis methodology to simulate the tie rod field failure using a six poster road simulator and to identify the root cause of the failure and further corrective actions.