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Journal Article

Development of an Improved Cosmetic Corrosion Test for Finished Aluminum Autobody Panels

A task group within the SAE Automotive Corrosion and Protection (ACAP) Committee continues to pursue the goal of establishing a standard test method for in-laboratory cosmetic corrosion evaluations of finished aluminum auto body panels. The program is a cooperative effort with OEM, supplier, and consultant participation and is supported in part by USAMP (AMD 309) and the U.S. Department of Energy. Numerous laboratory corrosion test environments have been used to evaluate the performance of painted aluminum closure panels, but correlations between laboratory test results and in-service performance have not been established. The primary objective of this project is to identify an accelerated laboratory test method that correlates with in-service performance. In this paper the type, extent, and chemical nature of cosmetic corrosion observed in the on-vehicle exposures are compared with those from some of the commonly used laboratory tests
Technical Paper

A Comparison of Methods for Evaluating Automatic Transmission Fluid Effects on Friction Torque Capacity - A Study by the International Lubricant Standardization and Approval Committee (ILSAC) ATF Subcommittee

As part of the International Lubricant Standardization and Approval Committee's (ILSAC) goal of developing a global automatic transmission fluid (ATF) specification, members have been evaluating test methods that are currently used by various automotive manufacturers for qualifying ATF for use in their respective transmissions. This report deals with comparing test methods used for determining torque capacity in friction systems (shifting clutches). Three test methods were compared, the Plate Friction Test from the General Motors DEXRON®-III Specification, the Friction Durability Test from the Ford MERCON® Specification, and the Japanese Automotive Manufacturers Association Friction Test - JASO Method 348-95. Eight different fluids were evaluated. Friction parameters used in the comparison were breakaway friction, dynamic friction torque at midpoint and the end of engagement, and the ratio of end torque to midpoint torque.
Technical Paper

Global Regulatory Harmonization-One American Manufacturer's Perspective

This paper presents one American vehicle manufacturer's perspective on global regulatory harmonization, which is critically required for the future development and well being of the vehicle global market. The paper provides a brief overview of the past and present harmonization efforts and discusses some of the impediments in achieving agreements among different rulemaking bodies. Despite the often hampered goal of total harmonization, the paper submits that progress can be achieved with the reciprocal acceptance of functionally equivalent standards and other stop-gap measures to curb the ever spiraling requirements. The paper concludes on an optimistic note by citing some of the recent developments that bring the harmonization frontier closer to becoming a reality.
Technical Paper

Variation in Autobody Adhesive Curing Process

Adhesive joining is a common autobody subassembly technique especially for outer panels, where visible spot welding is objectionable. To accommodate mass production with the use of certain adhesives very high thermal gradient usually exists, which may result in panel dimensional distortion and variation. The temperature distribution over location and over time are monitored, and its impact to panel dimension is investigated. Experimental results on the effect of the distance between panel and induction coil on the panel temperature is obtained. The thermal induced shape distortion is simulated with a simplified FEA model. The approach to improvement of the induction curing process is discussed.
Technical Paper

On Low-Frequency Pressure Pulsations and Static Pressure Distribution in Open Jet Automotive Wind Tunnels

Avoiding low-frequency pressure pulsations and establishing a good axial static pressure distribution are primary concerns for open jet wind tunnels. The current research was conducted to ensure the full scale Chrysler Aero-Acoustic Wind Tunnel (AAWT) design is consistent with good performance in these two areas. Experiments were conducted in two tunnels: a 1/3.6-scale closed-circuit tunnel and a 1/12-scale open-loop tunnel. Results from both are consistent, and a configuration that exhibits i) minimal pulsations for both empty test section and 15% vehicle blockage and ii) a good axial static pressure distribution has been identified for the AAWT. The results illustrate the effect of open jet length, collector geometry, and plenum geometry on pulsation levels and highlight the spatial variation of the pulsation levels within the plenum chamber. Pulsation levels were observed to increase with increasing open jet length and decreasing collector throat area.
Technical Paper

Advanced Three-Way Converter System for High Temperature Exhaust Aftertreatment

An advanced three-way converter system with significant improvements in light-off performance, conversion efficiency, thermal stability and physical durability at high operating temperature is described. The converter system is comprised of a light-weight ceramic substrate with high surface area triangular cell structure, a new catalyst formulation with enhanced thermal stability and good substrate compatibility, and a durable packaging design which together lead to consistent improvements in high temperature performance and durability. Experimental data including FTP performance, canning trials, and high temperature vibration and thermal shock tests for both the advanced and standard three-way converter systems are presented.
Technical Paper

Implementing Class A Multiplexing Functions with Industry Standard Components

Multiplexing systems have been used in automobiles for the past decade. The use of these systems has allowed manufacturers to reduce wiring harness size, eliminate redundant sensors, and achieve a level of communication not available before. While most applications of multiplexing have been inter-modular communication, there exist many more opportunities to utilize multiplexing. These opportunities include multiplexing various user activated/interacted switches, sensors, and actuators. Multiplexing of this type is defined by the SAE as a low speed sensor/actuator bus, or Class “A” bus. The Class “A” bus addresses issues, such as: the challenge of handling increasing wiring complexity, incorporating diagnostics and testability into automotive electronic designs, facilitating the use of new switch and actuator technologies, and allowing a higher degree of systems design flexibility.