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Technical Paper

The New SAE Transactions

A new form of SAE Transactions has been developed which allows for considerable flexibility in format, content, and distribution. A key volume includes abstracts of all SAE papers and a comprehensive depth index. Optional additions include printed and bound sets of all Transactions papers in full, subscriptions for all SAE papers, subscriptions for all SAE Transactions papers, and microfiche versions of each of these. No longer limited by physical size, all worthy papers can now be included in Transactions together with discussion, thereby enlarging the scope of Transactions approximately seven times.
Technical Paper

The Influence of Residual Stresses on the Susceptibility to Hydrogen Embrittlement in Hardened Steel Components Subjected to Rolling Contact Conditions

A review of many years of published work has shown that hydrogen embrittlement can occur under rolling contact conditions. Breakdown of lubrication and contamination with water have been cited as the probable sources of atomic hydrogen. In this paper, a unique fracture morphology is identified and the mechanism of the fracture progression from initiation to final catastrophic failure is proposed. Development of beneficial residual compressive stress near the contacting surfaces is one approach used to avoid this type of failure. Several alternative methods capable of developing a more desirable stress distribution will be discussed.
Technical Paper

The SAE Oil Labeling Assessment Program-Three-Year Cumulative Report

A brief overview of the history and scope of the SAE Oil Labeling Assessment Program is presented. Then, the results of analyses on 893 samples of engine oil purchased in the retail market over the first three years of the program, are discussed. All samples were labeled with the API SF or SG Service Category, separately, or in combination with an API “C” category designation. Additionally, 43 engine oil samples found to be questionably labeled, were repurchased and analyzed; these results are included.
Technical Paper

Parametric Analyses of Tracks and Tracklayers Update-Sample of Engineering Problems and Their Solutions in Off Road Locomotion

The original design-performance evaluation method of tracks and tracklaying vehicles, proposed by this writer during the WW II, was further developed and enhanced with new experience gained by many researchers. The method is based on the approximation of track action by a number of appropriate wheel actions. It is mathematically simple, and practically unique encompassing detailed track and road wheel geometry, wheel spacing, loads and load distribution together with regular soil strength parameters. It conforms methodologically with evaluation of pneumatic tires and rigid wheels, previously published in a series of SAE papers. The said papers and the present one form a concise engineering outline of Terramechanics for off-road locomotion.
Technical Paper

An On-Line Oil Viscosity Sensor

The timing of lubricating oil changes for passenger vehicles are based on set time or mileage intervals specified by their manufacturers. A few vehicle manufacturers use more sophisticated methods such as logging the engine speed and temperature and calculating the oil change intervals from this data. Neither technique tells the vehicle user anything about the true state of the oil. A novel form of viscosity sensor based on a vibrating piezoceramic element has been developed. Based on the output from such a device, a more accurate determination of the oil change interval can be made and abnormal conditions (such as the leakage of fuels into the lubricating oil) can be detected. This paper gives a brief description of the device itself and shows results from prototype samples.
Technical Paper

The SAE Oil Labeling Assessment Program - 1990 Sample Set

The results of analyses on 300 samples of engine oil purchased in the retail market in 1990 are discussed. All samples were labeled with the API SF or SG Service Category, separately, or in combination with an API C category designation. Also, 17 oils previously found to be questionably labeled, from the 1989 set, were repurchased and analyzed. These results are included.