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Technical Paper

Advanced Power Sources for a New Generation of Vehicles

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. automotive industry are collaborating on research and development of advanced compression ignition direct injection (CIDI) engine technology and polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells for automotive applications. Under the auspices of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV), the partners are developing technologies to power an automobile that can achieve up to 80 miles per gallon (mpg), while meeting customer needs and all safety and emissions requirements. Research on enabling technologies for CIDI engines is focusing on advanced emissions control to meet the proposed stringent Environmental Protection Agency emissions standards for oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) in 2004, while retaining the high efficiency and other traditional advantages of CIDI engines.
Technical Paper

Government-Industry Partnerships and Environmental and Safety Solutions

The Advanced Battery Readiness Ad Hoc Working Group, a government- industry forum sponsored by the United States Department of Energy, is charged with assessing environmental and safety issues associated with advanced batteries for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. Electric and hybrid electric vehicles require sophisticated advanced battery storage systems. Frequently, toxic, reactive, and flammable substances are used in the energy storage systems. Often, the substances have safety, recycling, and shipping implications with respect to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Transportation regulations. To facilitate commercialization, reg-ulations must either be modified or newly developed. Government-industry coordination has expedited needed regulatory changes, and promoted other partnerships to achieve environmental and safety solutions.