Refine Your Search

Topic

Affiliation

Search Results

Technical Paper

Simulating Analysis of Methanol Combustion Process and Variations of Cycle to Cycle in Diesel Engine

2001-05-07
2001-01-1985
A zero-dimension combustion model suitable to multi-fuel combustion process has been developed and successfully used in the analysis of methanol combustion process The V2b function is calculated with the Powell Optimized Algorithm. The concerned characteristics include in the variables of zero-dimension model, mean indication pressure, maximum combustion pressure, ignition delay and the correlation coefficient between heat release rate and ignition delay. The heat release rate curves on different conditions are fitted and the statistic analyses of the cyclic variations are conducted.
Technical Paper

Characteristics of HCCI Diesel Combustion Operated with a Hollow Cone Spray

2003-05-19
2003-01-1823
This paper presents two factors for improving the performance and emissions characteristics in HCCI diesel combustion, one is reducing compression ratio and another is changing the injector position. In a previous study, it was shown that HCCI diesel combustion could be realized by utilizing a hollow-cone spray with normal injection pressure. However there remained two major problems of engine instability and increase in BSFC (decrease in brake thermal efficiency). By reducing the compression ratio from 18.8 to 16.8, the engine stability was much improved to the level of conventional diesel combustion and the increase in BSFC became almost half, which was mainly due to the change of combustion phasing. In addition to this, application of 5 mm inside position of the injector realized almost no penalty of BSFC at higher load condition.
Technical Paper

Analysis of Characteristic of Microwave Regeneration for Diesel Particulate Filter

1995-09-01
952058
The mathematical model for the microwave regeneration of diesel particulate filter is proposed according to the characteristic of microwave regeneration process. The model is used to calculate the temperature field, distribution of particulate and density field of oxygen in the filter during the process of regeneration with typical ceramic foam particulate fitter data. The parametric study demonstrates how some of the main parameters, such as microwave attenuation constant of the filter, filter particulate loading, the power and distribution of microwave energy and so on, affect the efficiency of regeneration, the maximum filter temperature and regeneration duration. The results show that it is possible to regenerate the diesel particulate filters in certain conditions by using microwave energy.
Technical Paper

The Study of an Optimum Method for Inlet Port Performance in a D.I. Diesel Engine

1995-09-01
952056
A new concept of “synthetic performance coefficient of inlet port” in D.I. diesel engines has been proposed from a viewpoint of efficiency of energy conversion in this paper. It makes the performance of various kinds of inlet ports in D.I. diesel engines compared with each other. Based on the regression analysis of the experimental results, it is found that the synthetic performance coefficient of inlet port has a close linear relation to the engine performance, and it can be used as a criterion to optimize the design of inlet port in D.I. diesel engines.
Technical Paper

Development and Application Experience of Diesel Catalytic Converters

1994-09-01
941773
This paper mainly deals with the harmful emission control problem of the diesel engine. Many research works have been carried out on the catalytic conversion of diesel emissions. First, a few kinds of catalyst are prepared, selected by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA). Three types of catalytic converter are developed. Engine bench tests on these converters loaded with selected catalysts are made. Testing contents are: (1) conversion rate of harmful gases; (2) reduction effect of exhaust smoke; (3) resistant performance of converters and their influences on the engine, etc. Finally, through comparison, the effective catalytic converter is installed on a folklift truck for testing and durability examination. Testing results show that the catalytic converter has higher conversion rate on gaseous emissions, especially for CO and NOx. After two months running, the conversion rates basically keep the original level.
Technical Paper

Studies on Regeneration of Diesel Exhaust Particulate Filters by Microwave Energy

1994-09-01
941774
It is a new idea and beneficial attempt that the microwave heating technology is applied to regenerate the Diesel Exhaust Particulate Filters (DEPF). In this paper, the microwave regenerating mechanism of DEPF is studied and some laws in the process of microwave regeneration are found by experimental and theoretical analyses. Some basic measurements and calculations of microwave characteristic factors of three kinds of selected DEPF and the pure particulate are presented. A Microwave Regenerating Test System (MRTS) is set and the microwave regeneration of DEPF is tested. A mathametical model of two dimensional axi-symmetrical non-steady temperature field is set up which is suitable for microwave regenerating process of ceramic foam filters. The numerical calculation and practical analyses are stated. It is proved by these studies that the particulate in DEPF is selectively heated by microwave energy and moreover the microwave energy is less absorbed by the pure ceramic filters.
Technical Paper

The Laser Interfero-Holographic and Tomographic Analysis of Concentration and Temperature Distribution of a Three Dimensional Transient Diesel Spray

1994-09-01
941756
This paper provides a new measuring technique to obtain the concentration and temperature field of a unsymmetrical three dimensional transient diesel spray by the laser interfero-holographic and tomographic analysis. The theory to get the concentration and temperature distribution of a spray by laser technique is stated in detail. The experimental installation and optical system are given concretely. Finally, the test results are analysed satisfactorily.
Technical Paper

The Investigation of Calculation Methods for Optimization of the Performance of the Diesel Engine

1993-03-01
930606
Taking a specific diesel engine as a calculation example, three kinds of ptimized calculation methods are studied in detail for the optimization of the performance of Diesel Engine cycle and the following conclusions are drawn: Sequential Linear Programming (S.L.P) suits for the rough optimized calculation of the performance of Diesel Engine cycle. Sequential Unconstrained Minimization Technique (S.U.M.T) suits for the precise optimized calculation of the performance of Diesel Engine cycle with less variables. Orthognal Network Optimization Method (O.N.O.M) has a wide adaptability, but calculating time is longer, it suits for the precise optimized calculation of the performance of Diesel Engine cycle with more variables.
Technical Paper

Experimental Study on Characteristics of Conical Spray and Combustion for Medium Speed D.I. Diesel Engine

1993-03-01
930598
This paper inverstigates a new way of conical spray for medium speed D. I. diesel engine, with which three different construction injectors were used. The feature of conical spray and fuel-air mixture formation were observed by means of schlieren photograph technique. The main result is that the cone top angle of conical injector has influence on formation of fuel-air mixture and performance of engine. The results of test on a single-cylinder engine show the premixed combustion phase was possessed of a large proportions of the whole combustion period, which was become a leading feature. The increasing interest in study of diesel engine combustion is caused by achieving even more stringent emission standards and greatly improving the fuel economy. From present status of this research the traditional combustion system which with orifice nozzel has already exposed some inherent drawbacks.
Technical Paper

Premix Film Type Compression Ignition Combustion

1992-02-01
920694
This paper investigates the difference between the traditional diffusion combustion and hot premix film type combustion on improvement of compression ignition engine performance in all respects. The first part of this paper mainly describes the heat release, air fuel mixing, swirl flow and squish flow and also film formation on diffusion combustion. The second part of this paper describes the development of hot premix combustion, its feasibility and guiding principles. The main purpose of this part is to demonstrate three main measures which should be taken in carrying out premix film formation combustion. The first means is air flow guide ring. The second is film formation process and the third is fine particles fuel injectors: one is supermultiple holes injector and the second is conical spray fuel injector.
Technical Paper

A Solution for Cylinder Wall Scuffing

1992-02-01
920658
A solution for cylinder wall scuffing is researched. By means of the finite element method, a mathematical model to investigate the temperature field and thermal deformation of the piston is established, which can be used for predicting the cylinder wall scuffing in both the design process of a new diesel engine and the improvement process of the combustion system of an operating diesel engine. The experimental data support the calculated results obtained by using the model. As an application example, the temperature fields and thermal deformations of the piston in the 6E150C diesel engine, which suffers from the cylinder wall scuffing during the period of operation, are analyzed quantitatively by using the mathematical model. After an improved piston with new structure and good cooling system is used in the 6E150C diesel engine, the cylinder wall scuffing no longer occurs.
Technical Paper

Pressure Drop and Soot Regeneration Characteristics through Hexagonal and Square Cell Diesel Particulate Filters

2017-03-28
2017-01-0979
Although diesel engines have higher output torque, lower fuel consumption, and lower HC pollutant emissions, larger amounts of NOx and PM are emitted, compared with equivalent gasoline engines. The diesel particulate filters (DPF) have proved one of the most promising aftertreatment technologies due to the more stringent particulate matters (PM) regulations. In this study, the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of DPF was built by utilizing AVL-Fire software code. The main objective of this paper was to investigate the pressure drop and soot regeneration characteristics of hexagonal and conventional square cell DPFs with various inlet mass flow rates, inlet temperatures, cell densities, soot loads and ash loads. Different cell geometry shapes of DPF were evaluated under various ash distribution types.
Technical Paper

Effects of Lubricating Oil Metallic Content on Morphology, Nanostructure and Graphitization Degree of Diesel Engine Exhaust Particles

2017-03-28
2017-01-1009
In this paper, the influences of metallic content of lubricating oils on diesel particles were investigated. Three lubricating oils with different levels of metallic content were used in a 2.22 Liter, two cylinders, four stroke, and direct injection diesel engine. 4.0 wt. % and 8 wt. % antioxidant and corrosion inhibitor (T202) were added into baseline lubricating oil to improve the performance respectively. Primary particle diameter distributions and particle nanostructure were compared and analyzed by Transmission Electron Microscope. The graphitization degrees of diesel particles from different lubricating oils were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy. Conclusions drawn from the experiments indicate that the metallic content increases the primary particles diameter at 1600 rpm and 2200 rpm. The primary particles diameter ranges from 5 nm to 65 nm and the distribution conformed to Gaussian distribution.
Technical Paper

Surface Functional Groups and Graphitization Degree of Soot in the Sooting History of Methane Premixed Flame

2017-03-28
2017-01-1003
The evolution of surface functional groups (SFGs) and the graphitization degree of soot generated in premixed methane flames are studied and the correlation between them is discussed. Test soot samples were obtained from an optimized thermophoretic sampling system and probe sampling system. The SFGs of soot were determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) after removing the soluble impurities from the soot samples, while the graphitization degree of soot was characterized by Raman spectrum and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). The results reveal that the number of aliphatic C-H groups and C=O groups shows an initial increase and then decrease in the sooting history. The large amount of aliphatic C-H groups and small amount of aromatic C-H groups in the early stage of the soot mass growth process indicate that aliphatic C-H groups make a major contribution to the early stage of soot mass growth.
Technical Paper

A Theoretical Investigation of the Combustion of PRF90 under the Flexible Cylinder Engine Mode

2017-03-28
2017-01-1027
On-board fuel reforming offers a prospective clean combustion mode for the engines. The flexible cylinder engine strategy (FCE) is a new kind of such mode. In this paper, the combustion of the primary reference fuel of PRF90 was theoretically investigated in a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine to validate the FCE mode, mainly focusing on the ignition delay time, the flame speed, and the emissions. The simulations were performed by using the CHEMKIN2.0 package to demonstrate the fuel reforming process in the flexible cylinder, the cooling effect on the reformed products, and the combustions of the mixture of the fresh fuel and the reformed products in the normal cylinders. It was found that the FCE mode decreased the ignition delay time of the fuel by about 35 crank angles at a typical engine condition.
Technical Paper

Experimental and Numerical Study of the Liquid Film Separation and Atomization at Expanding Corners

2017-03-28
2017-01-0856
The phenomenon of a thin liquid film separation and atomization at expanding corners during the spray/wall interaction is usually encountered in premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) engines. However, detailed information about the film separation is very limited, especially under high injection pressure conditions. In this study, experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of injection pressure and impingement distance on the evolutions of the impinging spray and the adhered film at simplified geometries with an expanding corner by employing a high-speed camera. In addition, an improved hybrid film separation and atomization model was developed, which includes the sub-models of film separation criterion, film separation mass ratio, and the film atomization model based on the Rayleigh-Taylor instability theory.
Technical Paper

The Evaporation Characteristics of Cylinder Oil of Low-Speed 2-Stroke Marine Engines

2017-03-28
2017-01-0886
The combustion of cylinder lubricating oil (called as cylinder oil for short) is one of the major sources of PM emissions of low-speed 2-stroke marine diesel engines. For pre-mixed combustion low-speed 2-stroke marine gas engines, the auto-ignition of cylinder oil might result in knock or more hazard abnormal combustion - pre-ignition. Evaporation is a key sub-process of the auto-ignition process of cylinder oil droplets. The evaporation behavior has a profound impact on the auto-ignition and combustion processes of cylinder oil droplets, and a great influence on engine combustion performance and emission characteristics. This paper applied an oil suspending apparatus to investigate the evaporation behavior of cylinder oil droplets and base oil droplets. The effects of ambient temperatures on the evaporation process were measured and analyzed. The results indicate that the evaporation of cylinder oil includes heating, evaporating, pyrolysis, and polymerization.
Technical Paper

Effect of Acetone-Gasoline Blend Ratio on Combustion and Emissions Characteristics in a Spark-Ignition Engine

2017-03-28
2017-01-0870
Due to the increasing consumption of fossil fuels, alternative fuels in internal combustion engines have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. Ethanol is the most common alternative fuel used in spark ignition (SI) engines due to its advantages of biodegradability, positively impacting emissions reduction as well as octane number improvement. Meanwhile, acetone is well-known as one of the industrial waste solvents for synthetic fibers and most plastic materials. In comparison to ethanol, acetone has a number of more desirable properties for being a viable alternative fuel such as its higher energy density, heating value and volatility.
Technical Paper

A Simulation Study on Particle Motion in Diesel Particulate Filter Based on Microcosmic Channel Model

2018-04-03
2018-01-0964
As the prime after-treatment device for diesel particulate matter (PM) emission control, Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) has been widely used for its high particle capture efficiency. In order to study the particle motion and deposition distributions in the DPF inlet channel, a 2-D wall flow DPF microcosmic channel model is built in this paper. The motion trajectories of particles with different sizes are investigated considering the drag force, Brownian motion, gravity and Saffman lift. The effects of the space velocity on particle motion trajectories and deposition distributions inside the inlet channel are evaluated. These results demonstrate that the particle motion trajectories are highly dependent on particle sizes and influenced by the space velocity. The effect of the Brownian motion is obvious for fine particles and suppressed when the space velocity is raised.
Technical Paper

Simulating the Flow and Soot Loading in Wall- Flow DPF Using a Two-Dimensional Mesoscopic Model

2018-04-03
2018-01-0955
A two-dimensional mesoscopic approach has been developed to investigate the flow and soot loading in the micro-channels of diesel particulate filter. Soot particle size examined is in the range of 10 nm to 10 μm. The flow is solved by an incompressible lattice Boltzmann model and the transport of solid particle is described in a Lagrangian frame of reference by cell automation probabilistic model. The lattice Boltzmann-cell automation probabilistic model (LB-CA model) is validated with the results of previous studies. The heterogeneous porous wall of DPF is generated by quartet structure generation set (QSGS). The effects of porous wall on the pressure field and velocity field are investigated. The distribution and deposition of soot particles with different sizes in clean channels are simulated. The dynamic evolution of solid boundary in soot particle capture process is investigated and the effects of the deposited soot particles on flow field are evaluated.
X