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Technical Paper

Development of Engine Control Using the In-Cylinder Pressure Signal in a High Speed Direct Injection Diesel Engine

2011-04-12
2011-01-1418
Emissions regulations are becoming more severe, and they remain a principal issue for vehicle manufacturers. Many engine subsystems and control technologies have been introduced to meet the demands of these regulations. For diesel engines, combustion control is one of the most effective approaches to reducing not only engine exhaust emissions but also cylinder-by-cylinder variation. However, the high cost of the pressure sensor and the complex engine head design for the extra equipment are stressful for the manufacturers. In this paper, a cylinder-pressure-based engine control logic is introduced for a multi-cylinder high speed direct injection (HSDI) diesel engine. The time for 50% of the mass fraction to burn (MFB50) and the IMEP are valuable for identifying combustion status. These two in-cylinder quantities are measured and applied to the engine control logic.
Technical Paper

An Improvement Research of Under-floor of Midsize Sedan-Focusing on 2010 New YF Sonata Development Examples-

2011-04-12
2011-01-0772
Hyundai Kia Motors started developing the under-floor of YF sonata, the base platform for mid-to-large size sedans, in order to reduce weight and improve body performance. For local dynamic rigidity, there are design improvement and additional support structures at suspension mounting area. The strength at the joint where longitudinal and transverse members meet is increased to improve the overall body stiffness, and also the riding comfort and handling. Impact performance and safety is also improved by straightening the major structural members and strengthening the joint areas, efficiently absorbing and inducing the impact energy through load paths. As the body of a vehicle is the constitution of numerous parts, increased strength at the joints and major structural members with more linear profiles have played crucial roles in the improvement in overall body performance.
Technical Paper

Hyundai's New Generation 1.8L Gasoline Engine

2011-04-12
2011-01-0417
Hyundai has developed a new 1.8L gasoline engine replacing the previous engine for new compact/mid-size vehicles. This new engine will be installed on the debut of the new 2011 Hyundai Elantra in the North American market. The new engine has achieved high performance and improved fuel consumption by applying dual continuously variable valve timing and a two step variable induction system, which has enabled both low and mid speed torque as well as high speed power. In addition, reduced noise levels were realized by optimizing lower structure components and induction parts while also focusing on maintaining lighter weight. The engine meets U.S. SULEV and EURO 5 emission regulations. This paper presents an overview of the new 1.8L I4 gasoline engine (Nu Engine) as well as the features of each technology which embodies a well tuned engine with respect to high engine performance, lowered fuel consumption, reduced emissions and reduced NVH.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Fuel Economy and Transient Control in a Passenger Diesel Engine Using LP(Low Pressure)-EGR

2011-04-12
2011-01-0400
Diesel engines are the most commonly used power train of the freight and public transportations in the world. From the viewpoint of global warming restraint, however, reduction of exhaust emissions from the diesel engine is urgent demand. Stringent emission regulations are being proposed with growing concern on NOx, PM and CO2 emissions. Future emission regulations require advanced emission control technologies, such as SCR(Selective Catalytic Reduction), LNT(Lean NOx Trap) and EGR(Exhaust Gas Recirculation). The EGR is a commonly used technique to reduce emission. In this study, a LP-EGR(Low Pressure Exhaust Gas Recirculation) system was investigated to evaluate its potential on emission reduction and fuel economy improvement, especially for a passenger diesel engine. A 3.0ℓ diesel engine equipped with the LP-EGR system was tested using an in-house control algorithm.
Technical Paper

A Study on Development of Body Structure Using Hydroforming of a Thin-Walled UHSS Tube

2013-03-25
2013-01-0035
Hydroforming process is an emerging manufacturing technology which allows engineers to use continuous closed section without flange for spot weld in a given package envelope. In this research, Hydroforming is applied to a front pillar and a roof side rail for improvement of obstruction angle, body stiffness and roof crush resistance. In addition, the joints of front / center pillar that were integrated into the hydroforming part and structure of package tray were improved. As a result, front pillar width is reduced by 23%, body torsional stiffness is increased by 45% and roof crush resistance is improved by 35%.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Dual Loop EGR of a V6 3.0 Liter Diesel Engine for CO2 Reduction

2013-04-08
2013-01-0316
As the markets require a more environmentally friendly and high fuel consumption vehicle, we have to satisfy bilateral target. Though many new after-treatment techniques like LNT, SCR are investigated to meet both strong emission regulations and low fuel consumption, high cost of these techniques should be solved to adopt widely. This paper describes how to optimize the dual loop EGR as a tool to reduce CO₂ emission of a HSDI diesel engine in the passenger car application. Focus is not only on the optimization to obtain the maximum CO₂ reduction but also on how to assess and overcome various side effects. As a result of careful optimization, as much as 6% CO₂ reduction was achieved by introduction of low pressure EGR loop, maintaining the same boundary conditions as those with high pressure EGR loop only.
Technical Paper

A Study of LNT & Urea SCR on DPF System to Meet the Stringent Exhaust Emission Regulation

2014-10-13
2014-01-2810
In diesel engine development, the new technology is coming out to meet the stringent exhaust emission regulation. The regulation demands more eco-friendly vehicles. Euro6c demands to meet not only WLTP mode, but also RDE(Real Driving Emission). In order to satisfy RDE mode, the new technology to reduce emissions should cover all operating areas including High Load & High Speed. It is a big challenge to reduce NOx on the RDE mode and a lot of DeNOx technologies are being developed. So the new DeNOx technology is needed to cover widened operating area and strict acceleration / deacceleration. The existing LNT(Lean NOx Trap) and Urea SCR(Selective Catalytic Reduction) is necessary to meet the typical NEDC or WLTP, but the RDE mode demands the powerful DeNOx technology. Therefore, the LNT & Urea SCR on DPF was developed through this study.
Technical Paper

A Research of Interior Layout Considering the Voice Recognition Usability

2015-03-10
2015-01-0034
The need for a voice recognition system in the automotive industry is growing day by day. In our current voice recognition system, Hyundai's ‘Blue-Link’ and KIA's ‘UVO’ are developed with Microsoft which is a global software company. The system launched domestic market recently. Since usage of voice recognition system are increasing, research and development of Voice Recognition system also increase very fast. Research is mostly focus on increase recognition rate of speech. However there is no research of interior layout considering voice recognition usability. So in this research, we discover interior design factors for maximizing voice recognition usability.
Technical Paper

A BIW Structure Research of Light Weight Vehicle with High Stiffness by Steel

2015-03-10
2015-01-0061
The focus of this paper is to develop an innovative vehicle layout and optimize vehicle body structure with the latest lightweight steel technologies, such as hydro-forming and hot stamping. Our BIW structure achieved a mass savings of 28 kg (−10%) compared to the mass of baseline BIW structure. (Base BIW : MD_Elantra)
Technical Paper

Analysis of Microorganism Causing Odor in an Air-Conditioning System

2015-04-14
2015-01-0354
This study has been conducted to analyze microbial diversity and its community by using a method of NGS(Next generation sequencing) technique that is not rely on cultivation for microbial community in an core evaporator causing odor of car air conditioner. The NGS without any cultivation method of cultivation, has been developed recently and widely. This method is able to research a microorganism that has not been cultivated. Differently with others, it can get a result that is closer to fact, also can acquire more base sequence with larger volume in relatively shorter time. According to bacteria population analysis of 23 samples, It can be known limited number of bacteria can inhabit in Evaporator core, due to small exposure between bacteria and evaporate, as well as its environmental characteristics. With the population analysis, only certain group of it is forming biofilm in proportion.
Technical Paper

Theoretical and Experimental Flow Analysis of Exhaust Manifolds for PZEV

2007-08-05
2007-01-3444
As the current and future emission regulations become stringent, the research on exhaust manifold with CCC (Close Coupled Catalyst) has been the interesting and remarkable subject. To design of exhaust manifold with CCC is a difficult task due to the complexity of the flow distribution caused by the pulsating flows that are emitted at the exhaust ports. This study is concerned with the theoretical and experimental approach to improve catalyst flow uniformity through the basic understanding of exhaust flow characteristics. Computational and experimental approach to the flow for exhaust manifold of conventional cast type, stainless steel bending type with 900 cell CCC system in a 4-cylinder gasoline engine was performed to investigate the flow distribution of exhaust gases.
Technical Paper

The Study for the Improvement of On-Center Feel with MTS Technique

2007-04-16
2007-01-0990
On-center feel is a multivariate problem that a performance is represented using put-together several sub-characteristics such as torque feedback, response, torque linearity, hysteresis, returnability, etc. For the improvement of a multivariate problem, multi objective optimization should be carried out. However each characteristic which ignores correlation between characteristics is usually optimized up to now. The objective of this research, Mahalanobis Taguchi System (MTS) technique is grafted to on-center steering feel to obtain the efficient improvement. MTS technique can optimize the unified on-center index which is generated in consideration of correlation between characteristics. In this research, first an effective value of MTS technique is verified with on-center steering feel which has the multivariate characteristic. Second, on-center steering feel is improved using MTS technique and Design of Experiments (DOE).
Technical Paper

Influence of Tire Size and Shape on Sound Radiation from a Tire in the Mid-Frequency Region

2007-05-15
2007-01-2251
In this research, the influence of tire size and shape on sound radiation in the mid-frequency region was studied. First, the relationship between the structural wave propagation characteristics of a tire excited at one point and its sound radiation was identified by using FE and BE analyses. Then, by using that relationship, the effect of modifying a tire's aspect ratio, width and wheel diameter on its sound radiation between 300 Hz and 800 Hz was investigated. Finally, an optimization of the sound radiation was performed by modification of the tire structure and shape. It was found that most of a tire's structural vibration does not contribute to sound radiation. In particular, the effective radiation was found to occur at the frequencies where low wave number components of the longitudinal wave and the flexural wave first appear.
Technical Paper

Test Method Development and Understanding of Filter Ring-off-Cracks in a Catalyzed Silicon Carbide (SiC) Diesel Particulate Filter System Design

2008-04-14
2008-01-0765
As the use of diesel engines increases in the transportation industry and emission regulations tighten, the implementation of diesel particulate filter systems has expanded. There are many challenges associated with the design and development of these systems. Some of the key robustness parameters include regeneration, efficiency, fuel penalty, engine performance, and durability. One component of durability in a diesel particulate filter (DPF) system is the filter's ability to resist ring-off-cracking (ROC). ROC is described as a crack caused primarily by thermal gradients, differentials, and the resulting stresses within the DPF that exceed its internal strength. These cracks usually run perpendicular to the substrate flow axis and typically result in the breaking of the substrate into separate halves.
Technical Paper

Control of Diesel Catalyzed Particulate Filter System I (The CPF System Influence Assessment According to a Regeneration Condition)

2005-04-11
2005-01-0661
Environmental standards concerning Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) are continuously becoming stricter. The light-duty diesel passenger car market is rapidly increasing due to performance improvements and the economic advantages of the diesel engine. To meet EURO 4 diesel passenger car emission regulations, regeneration experiments of a catalyzed particulate filter (CPF) system have been performed with 2.0L common-rail diesel engine. For effective regeneration of the CPF system, we investigated the effects of various regeneration conditions on the system. Conditions such as exhaust gas temperature, oxygen/hydrocarbon concentrations, gas compositions, etc. were investigated. We found that the regeneration efficiency was improved when the exhaust gas temperature increased to more than 700°C during CPF regeneration using engine post injection. An additional amount of post injection increased the exhaust gas temperature and residual hydrocarbon content.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Durability in HSDI Diesel Cylinder Head

2005-04-11
2005-01-0655
In order to cope with new exhaust emission regulations, automotive industry is interested in research and development of HSDI (High Speed Direct Injection) diesel engines with common rail systems. Since HSDI diesel engine operates under highly loaded condition due to increased power output, cylinder head of HSDI diesel engine is susceptible to high cycle fatigue cracks. In this study, FE analysis was used to find the mechanism of high cycle fatigue crack in the HSDI diesel cylinder head. In order to improve the durability of HSDI diesel cylinder head, the modifications of cylinder head and head bolt pre-load were investigated. Experiments were performed to prove the existence of residual stress created during the heat treatment of cylinder head. The results of experiments showed that residual stress can affect the durability of HSDI diesel cylinder head.
Technical Paper

Optimal Route Planning Algorithm Based on Real Traffic Network

2005-04-11
2005-01-1600
In order to perform the Optimal Route Planning avoiding traffic congestion, the structural elements (Rode type, Link type, Facilities type, Lane number, Turning type) in digital map and real-time traffic information are required. However, subjectively tuned cost weights of these elements, non theoretical relationship, and partially supported real-time traffic information that are mostly used for this implementation are not enough to satisfy. Therefore, in this research, by analyzing the relationship between the previously acquired traffic information history for some period of time and elements in digital map, we introduce the reasonable traffic information model that makes to estimate the speed information. Including the estimated speed, all the important factors of map database and the driver's preference, finally we made the cost model.
Technical Paper

The Experimental Study on the Body Panel Shape to Minimize the Weight of the Damping Material

2003-05-05
2003-01-1715
The experimental study on the automotive body panel shape has researched a way to reduce the damping material. Among each differently designed panel shapes, the curved panel shape, with high rigidity, or dynamic stiffness, and uneven deformation mode, has found to most reduce the vibration energy and damping material application. This study shows how could the panel shape influence the NVH performance, which would be measured according to several specifically designed panel shapes in order to compare with the conventional bead panel. And this research proposes the way to optimize the damping material to minimize its weight.
Technical Paper

Evaluating the Effect of Two-Stage Turbocharger Configurations on the Perceived Vehicle Acceleration Using Numerical Simulation

2016-04-05
2016-01-1029
Charge boosting strategy plays an essential role in improving the power density of diesel engines while meeting stringent emissions regulations. In downsized two-stage turbocharged engines, turbocharger matching is critical to achieve desired boost pressure while maintaining sufficiently fast transient response. A numerical simulation model is developed to evaluate the effect of two-stage turbocharger configurations on the perceived vehicle acceleration. The simulation model developed in GT-SUITE consists of engine, drivetrain, and vehicle dynamics sub-models. A model-based turbocharger control logic is developed in MATLAB using an analytical compressor model and a mean-value engine model. The components of the two-stage turbocharging system evaluated in this study include a variable geometry turbine in the high-pressure stage, a compressor bypass valve in the low-pressure stage and an electrically assisted turbocharger in the low-pressure stage.
Technical Paper

Development Work on HMC'S Natural Gas-Fueled 1.5 L MPI DOHC Engine

1993-11-01
931869
Thii paper describes Hyundai's research and development work on the dedicated compressed natural gas (CNG) engine, A conventional light duty gasoline engine, a 1.5 liter four cylinder DOHC, has been modified to run on natural gas (NG) by a gas injection system and engine dynamometer test has been performed with emphasis on optimizations of compression ratio and intake port. Also presented are the results on the exhaust emissions characteristic and the purification performance of three-way catalytic converters developed for NG engine. Fuel composition and THC emissions are analyzed quantitatively using gas chromatography devices.
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