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Technical Paper

A Study on the Acoustic Simulation for the Components of an Intake System

2011-05-17
2011-01-1520
The reduction of intake noise is a very important factor in controlling the interior noise levels of vehicles, particularly at low and major engine operating speeds. A vehicle intake system generally consists of air cleaner box, hose, duct, and filter element. Also, resonators and porous duct are included, being used to reduce intake noise. For more accurate estimation of the transmission loss (TL), it seems important to develop a CAE model that accurately describes this system. In this paper, simple methods, which can consider the effects of filter element and vibro-acoustic coupling, are suggested which could remarkably improve estimation accuracy of the TL. The filter element is assumed as equivalent semi-rigid porous materials characterized by the flow resistivity defined by the pressure drop, velocity, and thickness.
Technical Paper

A Study for Improving the Acoustic Performance of Dash Isolation Pad Using Hollow Fiber

2013-03-25
2013-01-0101
Usually, fibrous materials with porosity can dissipate the energy of the sound wave penetrating them, so can be the useful sound absorbing materials to reduce the noise in the vehicle. The fibrous materials have been used for the various types of automotive components as the sound absorbing materials, which can be placed close to the noise source, in the noise paths and near the receiver such as passengers. Although all materials can absorb a little amount of sound energy, the term “acoustical material” has been primarily applied to those materials that can provide the higher sound absorption performance above the ordinary levels. One of the examples of fibrous acoustic materials for automotive components is the sound absorbing felt composed of the fibers which have the several characteristics such as the material type, the cross-sectional shape and the fiber density (can be expressed as denier) related to the sound absorbing performance.
Technical Paper

6 Speed Automatic Transmission Vibration Magnitude Prediction and Whine Noise Improvement through Transmission System Modeling

2011-05-17
2011-01-1553
As automotive technology has been developed, gear whine has become a prominent contributor for cabin noise as the masking has been decreased. Whine is not the loudest source, but it is of high tonal noise which is often highly unpleasant. The gear noise originates at gear mesh. Transmission Error acts as an excitation source and these vibrations pass through gears, shafts and bearings to the housing which vibrates to produce noise on surrounding air. As microgeometry optimization target to reduce the fundamental excitation source of the noise, it has been favored method to tackle gear whine noise, especially for manual transmission. However, practicality of microgeometry optimization for the planetary gear system has been still in question, because of complex system structure and interaction among multi mesh gear sets make it hard to predict and even harder to improve. In this paper, successful case of whine noise improvement by microgeometry is presented.
Technical Paper

The Analysis of Crack Mechanism and Estimate of Life Time by the Vibration Measurement of Stainless Exhaust Manifold in Firing Condition

2013-10-14
2013-01-2643
SUS exhaust manifold is weaker than cast iron in aspect of high temperature vibration. So as to improve reliability of SUS exhaust manifold and get over gas temperature limit, exhaust manifold vibration mode and level has to be decreased. And because of error and limit of conventional modal analysis, we measured vibration mode and level of SUS exhaust manifold directly in engine firing condition. To measure vibration of hot parts(600∼800°C) in engine, we used special cooling device at base of accelerometer. Thus we developed analysis method of SUS exhaust manifold crack mechanism. We came to know the accurate vibration mode and level of SUS exhaust manifold in hot condition. Besides, we found out in proportion as vibration level increases endurance life decreases.
Technical Paper

Vibration and Noise Reduction Technology Development by Diesel Engine Fuel System Modeling

2013-10-14
2013-01-2589
In this paper, the vibration and noise reduction technology for diesel common rail injection system is studied. The NV problems of the injection system come typically from mechanical contacts (injector needle, pump) or fluid pulsations. They are exciting the injection system, which translates the excitations to the engine through the connection points. But it's not easy to identify the characteristic of internal excitation force exactly, so the simulation model based measurement test is considered at here. In order to predict the vibrations due to excitation related with the injection system of the diesel engine, the 1D/3D simulation models are used and the necessary dynamic tests, which are needed to create and validate the models, are done in the test bench.
Journal Article

The Prediction of Fuel Sloshing Noise Based on Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis

2011-05-17
2011-01-1695
Fuel sloshing noise is involved with flow motion inside fuel tanks as well as structural characteristics of vehicles. Therefore it is necessary to introduce Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) analysis to predict sloshing noise phenomena more accurately. Purposes of this paper are to verify the reliability of the FSI method and suggest new CAE analysis processes to predict fuel sloshing noise. The vibration of floor panels induced by sloshing impact is evaluated through FSI analysis. A series of tests is carried out to validate simulation results. The numerical optimization of parameters is also carried out to reduce computation time. In addition, effects of sloshing noise factors are discussed based on simulation and test results. Lastly, a method to predict fuel sloshing noise by exerting sloshing load on a vehicle is suggested.
Technical Paper

A Study for Fuel Economy Improvement on Applying New Technology for Torsional Vibration Reduction of Crank Pulley

2013-10-14
2013-01-2514
The method of Front End Auxiliary Drive (FEAD) system optimization can be divided into two ways. One is to use a mechanical device that decouples crank pulley from torsional vibration of crank shaft by using characteristics of spring. The other is to control belt tension through auto-tensioner in addition of alternator pulley device. Because the former case has more potential to reduce belt tension than the latter case, the development of mechanically decoupled crank pulley, despite of its difficulty of development, is getting popular among the industry. This paper characterizes latest crank pulley technologies, Crank Decoupler and Isolation Pulley, for torsional vibration reduction through functionality measurement result which composed of irregularity, slip, tensioner movement, belt span vibration, bearing hubload of idler and so on. Also it investigates their potential of belt tension reduction through steady state point fuel consumption test on dynamometer.
Technical Paper

Optimal Rear Suspension Design for the Improvement of Ride Comfort and Suspension Noise

2012-04-16
2012-01-0975
The purpose of this paper is to identify and reduce a knocking noise from a rear suspension. First, the characteristics of a knocking noise are analyzed experimentally in the frequency domain. It was found that the knocking noise of a passenger room and vibration at a lower arm, a subframe and a floor are strongly correlated. Second, the knocking noise sensitivity is strongly dependent on suspension dynamics characteristics. Moreover, the improvement of ride comfort and noise was achieved simultaneously based on simulation analysis, principle vehicle testing. A design parameter study shows that the trailing arm bush stiffness, shock absorber bump/rebound damping characteristics, floor stiffness and shock absorber insulator bushing are one of the most sensitive parameter to affect the suspension knocking noise. Finally, this paper shows how the suspension knocking noise and ride comfort can be improved considering handling performance.
Journal Article

Research for Brake Creep Groan Noise with Dynamometer

2012-09-17
2012-01-1824
This paper deals with creep groan noise in vehicles which is a low frequency vibration problem at 20∼500Hz that appears in low brake pressures and extremely low speed especially in automatic transmission car, where there is a transition from static to dynamic condition. The vibration causing the noise is commonly thought to result from friction force variation between brake disc and pad in stick-slip phenomena. Simulation results are confirmed through dynamometer testing. Then presented noise contribution factor analysis by experimental approach between chassis components.
Technical Paper

Test Method for Operational Deflection Shape Analysis of Squealing Brake Disc in Dynamic Condition

2012-09-17
2012-01-1807
In order to reduce brake squeal noise, it is important to identify operational deflection shape (ODS) of brake disc while squeal arises. However, in the conventional modal analysis and optical measurement, it is only able to identify limited ODS because of the technical limits. This paper details the test method to identify ODS in radial and tangential as well as axial direction of a brake disc in driving condition. Vibrational signal of a rotating disc was obtained by triaxial accelerometer installed to solid type discs/cooling fins of ventilated type discs, then ODS of disc were analyzed through digital signal processing.
Journal Article

Evaluation of Trim Absorption to Exterior Dynamic and Acoustic Excitations Using a Hybrid Physical-Modal Approach

2014-06-30
2014-01-2080
The NVH study of trimmed vehicle body is essential in improving the passenger comfort and optimizing the vehicle weight. Efficient modal finite-element approaches are widely used in the automotive industry for investigating the frequency response of large vibro-acoustic systems involving a body structure coupled to an acoustic cavity. In order to accurately account for the localized and frequency-dependant damping mechanism of the trim components, a direct physical approach is however preferred. Thus, a hybrid modal-physical approach combines both efficiency and accuracy for large trimmed body analysis. Dynamic loads and exterior acoustic loads can then be applied on the trimmed body model in order to evaluate the transfer functions between these loads and the acoustic response in the car compartment.
Technical Paper

Study on Sound Insulation Performance of Vehicle Dash Reinforcements

2014-06-30
2014-01-2085
Dash panel is the most important path of structure-borne and air-borne interior noise for engine-driven vehicles. Reinforcements, which are added to dash panel, are mainly designed in order to suppress the structure-borne noise contribution from the dash panel. However, the effects of dash reinforcements do not seem clear in the viewpoint of air-borne noise. In this paper, the insulation performance of a dash structure with spot-welded reinforcements is studied through several STL (Sound Transmission Loss) tests and STL simulations. The results of this study could be utilized for increasing the sound insulation performance of vehicle body structure.
Technical Paper

Prediction and Improvement of High Frequency Road Noise of a Mid-Size Sedan

2007-05-15
2007-01-2307
An airborne SEA model to predict high frequency interior noise is built for a mid-size sedan. The 60 KPH running condition is simulated based on this model and then the corresponding result is compared to the measured interior noise. A very similar prediction is found. Also, weak points of sound insulation and effective absorption area in this vehicle are identified using the model. It is shown that in an early design stage and when the proto vehicle is not available yet, the airborne SEA model is very useful to find out weak points of vehicle sound packages.
Technical Paper

Modeling of Door Slam Noise Index by using Sound Quality Metric

2007-05-15
2007-01-2394
Door slam noise is very important sound, because Door Slam noise gives a big effect in high-class feeling of vehicle and brand identity. But it is very difficult to analyze door slam noise by traditional analysis and overall sound level. Moreover, the short occurrence time of Door Slam noise makes the analysis more difficult. In this paper, we used the latest developed sound quality methods for analyzing Door Slam noise. And we had performed jury test for luxury vehicles. After that we had carried out correlation analysis between objective analysis and subjective test. Finally, we could suggest Door Slam noise Index by linear regression analysis.
Technical Paper

The Study on the Optimization of Attachment Stiffness in Vehicle Body

2007-05-15
2007-01-2346
The achievement of improved NVH performance with light weighted body and low cost is very important, but difficult job to be accomplished in vehicle development. One of the various methods for the accomplishment of this goal is the optimization of the stiffness attached to a vehicle body and chassis. It is known that sufficient stiffness at the body attachments improves the flexibility of bushing rate tuning. In this paper, the theoretical consideration and analysis tool to estimate local stiffness value quantitatively are introduced. Also, the local stiffness values at various attachment locations in trimmed body are measured. The operational forces at body attachments are estimated through the TPA (Transfer Path Analysis). The suitability of attachment stiffness is judged based on the required NVH target to attain the optimal attachment stiffness in vehicle body.
Technical Paper

A Numerical and Experimental Study on Power Steering Shudder

2008-04-14
2008-01-0501
Shudder vibration of a hydraulic power steering system during parking maneuver was studied with numerical and experimental methods. To quantify vibration performance of the system and recognize important stimuli for drivers, a shudder metric was derived by correlation between objective measurements and subjective ratings. A CAE model for steering wheel vibration analysis was developed and compared with measured data. In order to describe steering input dependency of shudder, a new dynamic friction modeling method, in which the magnitude of effective damping is determined by average velocity, was proposed. The developed model was validated using the measured steering wheel acceleration and the pressure change at inlet of the steering gear box. It was shown that the developed model successfully describes major modes by comparing the calculated FRF of the hydraulic system with measured one from the hydraulic excitation test.
Technical Paper

Road Noise Reduction Using a Source Decomposition and Noise Path Analysis

2005-05-16
2005-01-2502
It is considered that improper usage of rubber bushes and weak dynamic characteristics of chassis and body structures yield interior road noise problems. This paper describes systematic processes for road noise improvement along with measurement and analysis process. Firstly, the noise sources are identified by using a source decomposition method. Secondly, the main noise paths are identified by using a noise path analysis (NPA) method. Thirdly, the design modification of body panels is suggested for road noise reduction by using a panel contribution analysis. Finally the method is validated by applying to road noise improvement process for a new vehicle.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Optimization of Body Structure for Rattle Noise by Exciting Woofer Speakers

2009-05-19
2009-01-2110
With the recent development of technologies for interpreting vibration and noise of vehicles, it has become possible for carmakers to reduce idle vibration and driving noise in the phase of preceding development. Thus, the issue of noise generation is drawing keen attention from production of prototype car through mass-production development. J. D. Power has surveyed the levels of customer satisfaction with all vehicles sold in the U.S. market and released the Initial Quality Study (IQS) index. As a growing number of emotional quality-related items are added to the IQS evaluation index, it is necessary to secure a sufficiently high quality level of low-frequency speaker sound against rattle noise. It is required to make a preceding review on the package tray panel, which is located at the bottom of the rear glass where the woofer speakers of a passenger sedan are installed, the door module panel in which the door speakers are built.
Technical Paper

Reduction of Interior Booming Noise for a Small Diesel Engine Vehicle without Balance Shaft Module

2009-05-19
2009-01-2121
Applying BSM (Balance shaft module) is a very common and effective way to reduce the 2nd-order powertrain vibration which is caused by the ill-balanced inertia force due to the oscillating masses inside an engine. However, the adoption of a BSM can also produce undesirable things especially in cost, fuel economy, starting performance, and so on. Therefore, for small vehicles, in which case cost and weight are key factors at the development stage, it is often required to develop competitive NVH performance without the expensive apparatus like a BSM. In this paper, in order to develop interior noise and vibration of a 4-cylinder vehicle without a BSM, we analyzed the contribution of some transfer paths for powertrain vibration, and could reduce interior booming noise by tuning the dynamic characteristic of the engine mount which was one of the largest transfer paths.
Technical Paper

Characteristics of the Luxury Sound Quality of a Premium Class Passenger Car

2009-05-19
2009-01-2183
Luxury sound is one of the most important sound qualities in a premium passenger car. Previous work has shown that, because of the effects of many different interior sounds, it is difficult to evaluate the luxury sound objectively by using only the A-weighted sound pressure level. In this paper, the characteristics of such sound were first investigated by a systematic approach and a new objective evaluation method for luxury sound-the luxury sound quality index--which was developed by the systematic combination of the seven major interior sound quality indexes based on path analysis. The seven major sounds inside a passenger car were selected by a basic investigation evaluated by the members of a luxury automotive club. Seven major interior sound quality indexes were developed by using sound metrics, which are the psychoacoustic parameters, and the multiple regression method used for the modeling of the correlation between objective and subjective evaluation.
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