Refine Your Search

Topic

Author

Search Results

Technical Paper

The Simulation of ABS Stopping Distance

2011-04-12
2011-01-0570
Recently, customers have been demanding increased safety features in cars. Meanwhile, auto magazines now seek to publish the stopping distance. Further, the car development period has become shorter. For all these reasons, a precise estimation of the ABS stopping distance has grown important. A few steps that can be taken to improve accurate simulations of the ABS stopping distance are as follows: 1 Development of the tire hysteresis concept, its confirmation by test results, and then its application. 2 Free diagram development of the wheel combining ideal braking force, real braking force, and specific tire quality. 3 Modeling of HCU. 4 Application of ABS and EBD logic. 5 Application of booster characteristic to the section of early braking.
Technical Paper

6 Speed Automatic Transmission Vibration Magnitude Prediction and Whine Noise Improvement through Transmission System Modeling

2011-05-17
2011-01-1553
As automotive technology has been developed, gear whine has become a prominent contributor for cabin noise as the masking has been decreased. Whine is not the loudest source, but it is of high tonal noise which is often highly unpleasant. The gear noise originates at gear mesh. Transmission Error acts as an excitation source and these vibrations pass through gears, shafts and bearings to the housing which vibrates to produce noise on surrounding air. As microgeometry optimization target to reduce the fundamental excitation source of the noise, it has been favored method to tackle gear whine noise, especially for manual transmission. However, practicality of microgeometry optimization for the planetary gear system has been still in question, because of complex system structure and interaction among multi mesh gear sets make it hard to predict and even harder to improve. In this paper, successful case of whine noise improvement by microgeometry is presented.
Technical Paper

The Analysis of Crack Mechanism and Estimate of Life Time by the Vibration Measurement of Stainless Exhaust Manifold in Firing Condition

2013-10-14
2013-01-2643
SUS exhaust manifold is weaker than cast iron in aspect of high temperature vibration. So as to improve reliability of SUS exhaust manifold and get over gas temperature limit, exhaust manifold vibration mode and level has to be decreased. And because of error and limit of conventional modal analysis, we measured vibration mode and level of SUS exhaust manifold directly in engine firing condition. To measure vibration of hot parts(600∼800°C) in engine, we used special cooling device at base of accelerometer. Thus we developed analysis method of SUS exhaust manifold crack mechanism. We came to know the accurate vibration mode and level of SUS exhaust manifold in hot condition. Besides, we found out in proportion as vibration level increases endurance life decreases.
Technical Paper

Vibration and Noise Reduction Technology Development by Diesel Engine Fuel System Modeling

2013-10-14
2013-01-2589
In this paper, the vibration and noise reduction technology for diesel common rail injection system is studied. The NV problems of the injection system come typically from mechanical contacts (injector needle, pump) or fluid pulsations. They are exciting the injection system, which translates the excitations to the engine through the connection points. But it's not easy to identify the characteristic of internal excitation force exactly, so the simulation model based measurement test is considered at here. In order to predict the vibrations due to excitation related with the injection system of the diesel engine, the 1D/3D simulation models are used and the necessary dynamic tests, which are needed to create and validate the models, are done in the test bench.
Journal Article

The Prediction of Fuel Sloshing Noise Based on Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis

2011-05-17
2011-01-1695
Fuel sloshing noise is involved with flow motion inside fuel tanks as well as structural characteristics of vehicles. Therefore it is necessary to introduce Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) analysis to predict sloshing noise phenomena more accurately. Purposes of this paper are to verify the reliability of the FSI method and suggest new CAE analysis processes to predict fuel sloshing noise. The vibration of floor panels induced by sloshing impact is evaluated through FSI analysis. A series of tests is carried out to validate simulation results. The numerical optimization of parameters is also carried out to reduce computation time. In addition, effects of sloshing noise factors are discussed based on simulation and test results. Lastly, a method to predict fuel sloshing noise by exerting sloshing load on a vehicle is suggested.
Technical Paper

A Study for Fuel Economy Improvement on Applying New Technology for Torsional Vibration Reduction of Crank Pulley

2013-10-14
2013-01-2514
The method of Front End Auxiliary Drive (FEAD) system optimization can be divided into two ways. One is to use a mechanical device that decouples crank pulley from torsional vibration of crank shaft by using characteristics of spring. The other is to control belt tension through auto-tensioner in addition of alternator pulley device. Because the former case has more potential to reduce belt tension than the latter case, the development of mechanically decoupled crank pulley, despite of its difficulty of development, is getting popular among the industry. This paper characterizes latest crank pulley technologies, Crank Decoupler and Isolation Pulley, for torsional vibration reduction through functionality measurement result which composed of irregularity, slip, tensioner movement, belt span vibration, bearing hubload of idler and so on. Also it investigates their potential of belt tension reduction through steady state point fuel consumption test on dynamometer.
Journal Article

Research for Brake Creep Groan Noise with Dynamometer

2012-09-17
2012-01-1824
This paper deals with creep groan noise in vehicles which is a low frequency vibration problem at 20∼500Hz that appears in low brake pressures and extremely low speed especially in automatic transmission car, where there is a transition from static to dynamic condition. The vibration causing the noise is commonly thought to result from friction force variation between brake disc and pad in stick-slip phenomena. Simulation results are confirmed through dynamometer testing. Then presented noise contribution factor analysis by experimental approach between chassis components.
Technical Paper

Solution for the Torque Steer Problem of a Front-wheel Drive Car with a High-torque Engine in Vehicle Development Stages

2007-08-05
2007-01-3656
This paper describes a torque steer reduction process for a front-wheel drive car with a high torque engine at the initial stage of vehicle development. Literature reviews for the reduction process and vehicle integration tradeoffs among chassis components, driveline components, and loading condition are included. Drive shaft angle and its stiffness, differential gear stiffness, and power train mount, and vehicle weight distribution are mainly considered. In addition, wheel alignment data such as kingpin offset, kingpin inclination, camber angle, ride height, and dynamic tire radius are also discussed to solve the torque steer problem. This paper introduces an example solution to improve the torque steer during vehicle development stage. In that case, the vehicle parameters should be considered the factors to achieve many requirements. In spite of that restriction of alteration, the result of improvement became better than that of its competitor.
Technical Paper

A Numerical and Experimental Study on Power Steering Shudder

2008-04-14
2008-01-0501
Shudder vibration of a hydraulic power steering system during parking maneuver was studied with numerical and experimental methods. To quantify vibration performance of the system and recognize important stimuli for drivers, a shudder metric was derived by correlation between objective measurements and subjective ratings. A CAE model for steering wheel vibration analysis was developed and compared with measured data. In order to describe steering input dependency of shudder, a new dynamic friction modeling method, in which the magnitude of effective damping is determined by average velocity, was proposed. The developed model was validated using the measured steering wheel acceleration and the pressure change at inlet of the steering gear box. It was shown that the developed model successfully describes major modes by comparing the calculated FRF of the hydraulic system with measured one from the hydraulic excitation test.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Optimization of Body Structure for Rattle Noise by Exciting Woofer Speakers

2009-05-19
2009-01-2110
With the recent development of technologies for interpreting vibration and noise of vehicles, it has become possible for carmakers to reduce idle vibration and driving noise in the phase of preceding development. Thus, the issue of noise generation is drawing keen attention from production of prototype car through mass-production development. J. D. Power has surveyed the levels of customer satisfaction with all vehicles sold in the U.S. market and released the Initial Quality Study (IQS) index. As a growing number of emotional quality-related items are added to the IQS evaluation index, it is necessary to secure a sufficiently high quality level of low-frequency speaker sound against rattle noise. It is required to make a preceding review on the package tray panel, which is located at the bottom of the rear glass where the woofer speakers of a passenger sedan are installed, the door module panel in which the door speakers are built.
Technical Paper

Reduction of Interior Booming Noise for a Small Diesel Engine Vehicle without Balance Shaft Module

2009-05-19
2009-01-2121
Applying BSM (Balance shaft module) is a very common and effective way to reduce the 2nd-order powertrain vibration which is caused by the ill-balanced inertia force due to the oscillating masses inside an engine. However, the adoption of a BSM can also produce undesirable things especially in cost, fuel economy, starting performance, and so on. Therefore, for small vehicles, in which case cost and weight are key factors at the development stage, it is often required to develop competitive NVH performance without the expensive apparatus like a BSM. In this paper, in order to develop interior noise and vibration of a 4-cylinder vehicle without a BSM, we analyzed the contribution of some transfer paths for powertrain vibration, and could reduce interior booming noise by tuning the dynamic characteristic of the engine mount which was one of the largest transfer paths.
Technical Paper

A Study on the Development Process of a Body with High Stiffness

2005-05-16
2005-01-2464
Design optimization of a vehicle is required to increase a product value for noise and vibration performances and for a fuel-efficient car. This paper describes the development process of a high stiffness and lightweight vehicle. A parameter study is carried out at the initial stage of design using the mother car, and a design guide with a good performance is achieved early prior to the development of the proto car. Influences of body stiffness based on the relative weight ratio of the floor and side structures are analyzed. Results show that bending and torsional stiffness has a significant effect on weight distribution ratio. Influences of the distribution of side joint stiffness are analyzed through numerical experiments. Results reveal that the stiffness difference between the upper and lower parts should be small to increase the stiffness of a body.
Technical Paper

Influence of Tire Size and Shape on Sound Radiation from a Tire in the Mid-Frequency Region

2007-05-15
2007-01-2251
In this research, the influence of tire size and shape on sound radiation in the mid-frequency region was studied. First, the relationship between the structural wave propagation characteristics of a tire excited at one point and its sound radiation was identified by using FE and BE analyses. Then, by using that relationship, the effect of modifying a tire's aspect ratio, width and wheel diameter on its sound radiation between 300 Hz and 800 Hz was investigated. Finally, an optimization of the sound radiation was performed by modification of the tire structure and shape. It was found that most of a tire's structural vibration does not contribute to sound radiation. In particular, the effective radiation was found to occur at the frequencies where low wave number components of the longitudinal wave and the flexural wave first appear.
Technical Paper

An Optimization of Dual Continuously Variable Valve Timing for Reducing Intake Orifice Noise of a SI Engine

2008-04-14
2008-01-0892
For optimizing the performance of SI engine such as engine torque, fuel consumption, and emissions, various types of system for variable valve timing were developed by many automotive researchers. In this paper, we investigated the relationship between valve timing and intake orifice noise, and suggested how to improve NVH (Noise, Vibration and Harshness) performance as well as engine torque. Some experiments using the engine dynamometer were carried over about 150 different operating conditions. BEM analysis was also conducted in order to calculate acoustic modes of intake system. The results show that the valve timing and overlap of breathing systems have influence on NVH behavior, especially intake orifice noise over whole range of operating conditions. Valve timing and overlap of intake and exhaust valve were optimized in the view of sound quality as well as overall noise level.
Technical Paper

The Development and Experiment of the Variable Rack Stroke (VRS) System

2005-04-11
2005-01-1270
The turning radius is designed with considering sufficient gap between front tires including snow chains and front parts around wheels (e.g. side member, wheel guard, and suspension control arms). Therefore, when we don't use the snow chain needed only in winter season, there remains gap between tires and elements around front wheels. Since there is much available space between the front tire and other parts around wheel without the snow chains, we strived to increase the steering angle of the front wheels for the smaller turning radius of the vehicle. In this paper, with the idea, we strived to develop the VRS (Variable Rack Stroke) system which is invented by Hyundai Motor Company for the first time around world and is capable of varying the minimum tuning radius of the vehicle.
Technical Paper

Development of Input Loads for Road Noise Analysis

2003-05-05
2003-01-1608
To predict structure-borne interior noise using CAE simulation, it is important to establish a model for both the noise and vibration transfer path, as well as the excitation source. In the passenger vehicle, powertrain and road induced loads are major input sources for NVH. This paper describes a process to simulate the structure-borne road noise to 150Hz. A measured road surface is used for input for the simulation. Road surface data, in the form of height vs. distance, is converted to enforced motions at the tire patch in the frequency domain for input to the vehicle system model. The input loads are validated by the comparison of wheel hub excursions. The ability of the CAE simulation model to predict interior acoustic responses is shown by the comparison of the simulation results with measured vehicle interior responses.
Technical Paper

Design Optimization Analysis of Body Attachment for NVH Performance Improvements

2003-05-05
2003-01-1604
The ride and noise characteristics of a vehicle is significantly affected by vibration transferred to the body through the chassis mounting points from the engine and suspension. It is known that body attachment stiffness is an important factor of idle noise and road noise for NVH performance improvement. And high stiffness helps to improve the flexibility of bushing rate tuning. This paper presents the procedure of body attachment stiffness analysis, which contains the correlation between experimental test and FEA. It is concluded that the most important factors are panel thickness, section type and mounting area size. This procedure makes it possible to find out the weak points before proto car and to suggest proper design guideline in order to improve the stiffness of body structure.
Technical Paper

A Case Study on the Improvement of Idle Quality of an SUV Car with DI Diesel Engine

2003-05-05
2003-01-1464
With its advantage on the economic and environmental reason the preference of vehicles with diesel engine is growing in the domestic market as well as European market. And automobile makers are enthusiastic in the development of diesel engine vehicles with more comfortable interior atmosphere in order to meet consumers' requirements. Generally, when compared with gasoline engine, diesel engine has much bigger vibratory input to the mounting structure and produces higher level in interior noise and body vibration. In this paper, the improvement of NVH quality at the idle state of an SUV car with DI diesel engine has been achieved through tuning engine mounts based on TPA (Transfer Path Analysis) for low frequency vibration and interior booming noise.
Technical Paper

Reduction of Road Noise by the Investigation of Contributions of Vehicle Components

2003-05-05
2003-01-1718
The mobility technique is used to analyze the transfer functions of road noise between the suspension and the body structure. In the previous analyses, the suspension system and the body structure are altogether modeled as subsystems in the noise transfer path. In this paper, the mobility between the suspension and the body structure is analyzed by the dynamic stiffness at the connecting points. The measured drive point acceleration FRF at the connecting point in the transfer path was used to estimate the contributions of subsystems. The vibration modes of tire, the acoustic noise of tire's interior cavity, the vibration modes of the car's interior room, and the vibrations of body structure and the chassis are also considered to analyze the coupling effects of the road noise. Analyzing the measured results, direction for modification of car components is suggested.
Technical Paper

The Experimental Study on the Body Panel Shape to Minimize the Weight of the Damping Material

2003-05-05
2003-01-1715
The experimental study on the automotive body panel shape has researched a way to reduce the damping material. Among each differently designed panel shapes, the curved panel shape, with high rigidity, or dynamic stiffness, and uneven deformation mode, has found to most reduce the vibration energy and damping material application. This study shows how could the panel shape influence the NVH performance, which would be measured according to several specifically designed panel shapes in order to compare with the conventional bead panel. And this research proposes the way to optimize the damping material to minimize its weight.
X