Effects of Multi-Hole Nozzle with Throttle Construction on Diesel Combustion and Emissions with High-Pressure Fuel Injection
The effects of a multi-hole nozzle with throttle construction (NTC) on combustion and emissions were investigated at high pressure fuel injection conditions. The throttle area was larger than the total injector hole area, therefore its fuel flow quantity was about the same as the standard nozzle under steady flow conditions. But the initial fuel injection rate was lower under unsteady flow conditions and smoke emissions were improved with the NTC. It is postulated that these effects were due to fuel flow turbulence inside the nozzle during the time of needle valve lift.