Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 6 of 6
Technical Paper

A Driving Situation Awareness-Based Energy Management Strategy for Parallel Hybrid Vehicles

A concept of “driving situation awareness”-driven energy management system for parallel hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) is introduced. The essential feature of the proposed energy management system is to assess the driving environment (in terms of facility type combined with traffic congestion level) using long and short term statistical features of the drive cycle. Subsequently, this knowledge is provided to a system that makes intelligent decisions with respect to the torque distribution and charge sustenance tasks. Simulation work was carried out for the validation of proposed system, and the results reveal its viability for energy management of parallel hybrid vehicles.
Technical Paper

A Charge Sustaining Parallel HEV Application of the Transmotor

An electromechanical gear is presented along with design examples utilizing the electromechanical gear in hybrid electric vehicle drive trains. The designs feature the electromechanical gear (the Transmotor) in place of traditional mechanical transmissions and/or gearing mechanisms. The transmotor is an electric motor suspended by its shafts, in which both the stator and the rotor are allowed to rotate freely. The motor thus can provide positive or negative rotational energy to its shafts by either consuming or generating electrical energy. A design example is included in which the transmotor is installed on the output shaft of an internal combustion engine. In this arrangement the transmotor can either increase or decrease shaft speed by applying or generating electrical power, allowing the ICE to operate with a constant speed.
Technical Paper

A Study of Design Issues on Electrically Peaking Hybrid Electric Vehicle for Diverse Urban Driving Patterns

A vehicle's performance depends greatly on the operating conditions, such as journey type, driving behavior etc. Driving patterns vary with geographical location and traffic conditions. In today's global economy where automobile industries are concerned with both local and international markets, it becomes necessary to investigate vehicle performance for driving cycles of different countries and develop vehicle designs which are appropriate to the consumer's market. This paper concentrates on the issues related to designing hybrid electric vehicles. A method of optimizing the size of the principal hardware components of hybrid vehicles such as, electric motors, internal combustion engines, transmissions and energy storage devices based on the demands of different drive cycles is discussed in the paper.
Technical Paper

A Comparison Study Between Two Parallel Hybrid Control Concepts

Two parallel HEV control concepts: ‘thermostat’ and ‘power split’ are compared in this paper. To achieve a substantial improvement in fuel economy, the ‘thermostat’ or ‘on/off’ control technique intended to improve the fuel efficiency of a series HEV has been adopted and designed for parallel HEV. Among different ‘power split’ concepts developed for parallel hybrids only the ‘electrically assist’ algorithm is considered in this paper. These two control concepts are compared for three parallel HEV architectures: pre-transmission, post-transmission and continuous variable transmission hybrids. The comparison study also includes the effect of hybridization factor-the ratio of the electric power to the total propulsion power. The matrices of comparison are level of performance, energy consumption and exhaust emissions. The SAE J1711 partial charge test procedure is followed.
Technical Paper

Effect of Extended-Speed, Constant-Power Operation of Electric Drives on the Design and Performance of EV-HEV Propulsion System

Vehicle dynamics requires extended-speed, constant-power operation from the propulsion system in order to meet the vehicle's operating constraints (e.g., initial acceleration and gradeability) with minimum power. Decrease in power rating will decrease the volume of the energy storage system. However, extending the constant power operating range of the electric drives increases its rated torque, thereby, increasing motor volume and weight. This paper investigates the effect of extended constant power operation on battery driven electric vehicle (BEV) propulsion system taking the change in motor weight and battery volume into account. Five BEV systems with five traction drive having different base speeds are simulated for this study. The performances of the BEVs are obtained using FUDS and HWYFET drive cycles. Two EV-HEV software packages ‘V-ELPH’ developed by Texas A&M University and ‘ADVISOR’ from NREL are used for simulation testing.
Technical Paper

Sensorless Vector Control of PMSM Drive Using Fuzzy Logic, for EV/HEV Applications

A fuzzy logic technique is presented in this paper for sensorless speed and position identification of vector-controlled PWM inverterfed PMSM drives used in EV/HEV propulsion systems. Fuzzy logic is used to estimate the rotor speed and position. Operation of the drive is studied by numerical simulation. The performance for different drive conditions is also analyzed and the results are shown in the paper. Simulation results show that the proposed control method can be effectively used in controlling the PMSM drives with high performance for EV/HEV applications. It is found that the fuzzy logic system is reliable without using any speed or position sensor.