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Technical Paper

Organic Compound Exhaust Analysis from Ethanol-Gasoline Fueled Motorcycle

Ethanol-Gasoline was being promoted in China. Ethanol as substitute fuel could save such nature resource that cannot be regenerated. At the same time, oxygen additives also have potential dangerous, such as, poisonous organic compound. In this paper, a typical 125 mL four stroke single cylinder motorcycle was driven on chassis dynamometer at 5 different stable conditions which is specified in ECE 40 driving cycle. At each stably driving condition, raw gas from exhaust pipe was collected in corresponding bags respectively. Those samples were analyzed by means of gas chromatogram and mass spectrum analyzer (Agilent GC6890-MS5973). Poisonous ethanol compound such as benzene, toluene had been found in samples from ethanol blended fueled motorcycle exhausts and compared with samples from that of pure gasoline.
Technical Paper

Investigation of Internal Thermal Impact Effect on Motorcycle Catalytic Converter Activity and Microstructure

Chinese new legislations on two wheels and mopeds have been published recently. Depending on the latest exhaust statistic analyses, with the resulting of tighter limits, the application of catalytic converters is becoming a prevalent and a cost-efficient solution for Chinese motorcycle manufacturers. The phenomenon of exhaust temperature changes rapidly during real driving process is well known as one of major destructive factors which have effects upon converter's durability. One 125 cm3 motorcycle is selected as a typical model in this research project. Exhaust temperature of the 125 cm3 motorcycle is measured and recorded during the process of ECE 40 driving cycle. A simulation test system has been set up successfully depending on those temperature data. Conversion ratio of converter sample lost distinctly after 18 hours' thermal impact tests. After further analyses, there were not evident changes in microstructure and substance on the surface of converter.