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Technical Paper

Numerical Analysis of the Steady-State Scavenging Flow Characteristics of a Two-Stroke Marine Engine

The scavenging process in two-stroke marine engines not only transports burnt gas out of the cylinder but also provides fresh air for the next cycle, thereby significantly affecting the engine performance. In order to enhance fuel-air mixing, the scavenging process usually generates swirling flow in uniflow-type scavenging engines. The scavenging stability directly determines the scavenging efficiency and even influences fuel-air mixing, combustion, and emission of the engine. In the present study, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of the scavenging process in a steady-state scavenging flow test is conducted. A precession phenomenon is found in the high swirl model, and Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) method is used to analyze the reason and the multi-scale characteristics of the precession phenomenon.
Technical Paper

Numerical Investigation of the Intake Flow of a Four-Valve Diesel Engine

The intake process plays an important role in the operation of internal combustion engines. In the present study, a three-dimensional transient simulation of a four-valve diesel engine was performed using Large Eddy Simulation (LES) model based on software CONVERGE. The mean velocity components in three directions through the intake valve curtain, the flow separation around the intake valves, the influences of inlet jet on turbulence flow field and cycle-to-cycle variation were investigated in this work. The result shows that the mean velocity distributes non-uniformly near the valve curtain at high valve lifts. In contrast, the mean velocity distribution is uniform at low valve lifts. It is found that the flow separation occurs at valve stem, valve seat and valve sealing through the outlet of the helical port. In contrast, flow separation is only observed in the valve seat through the outlet of the tangential port.
Journal Article

Numerical Study on Flash Boiling Spray of Multi-Hole Injector

Flash boiling spray is effective in improving the atomization and evaporation characteristics for gasoline direct injection engines. However, for a multi-hole injector the morphology structure of spray has an obvious change with the fuel temperature increasing or the ambient pressure decreasing, which influences the process of mixture formation and flame propagation. Specially, the spray collapses with both long penetration and a narrow spray angle above certain high superheat degree, which deteriorates air/fuel mixing and hence increases emissions. It is not desired for engine applications while the mechanism of spray structure transformation for multi-hole injector still remains unclear. In the present study, a systematic flash boiling spray model for multi-hole injector is built to investigate the flash boiling spray of multi-hole injector.