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Technical Paper

Initial Stress and Manufacture Stress Testing in Transparent Material

Transparent materials such as Plexiglas and glass are applied in airplane and boat widely as the windows and hatches. There are three type stresses in the structure made of Plexiglas or glass, which are residual stresses from the casting, residual stresses due to manufacturing process involving sheet forming structure and the stresses from serving period. In the paper the stresses are studied by laser scattered Photoelasticy method. Phase shift method is presented to recognize scattered light patterns automatically. The residual stresses in Plexiglas plate and shell were analyzed by thin plate-shell theory. Stresses in the Plexiglas and shell were tested by laser scattered Photoelastic method.
Technical Paper

Lane Detection System for Night Scenes

Most of algorithms of lane detection mainly aim at the scenes of daytime. However, those algorithms are unstable for the lane detection at night because the camera is very sensitive to the light change. This paper proposed a lane detection algorithm that largely improves the detection system’s performance when it is used at night. The algorithm has two main stage: Image processing and Kalman filter (KF). The key process steps of Stage 1 are: extracting the Region of Interesting (ROI)→Edge Detection →Binarization→Hough→ Lane Selection→Lane fitting. First step, a ROI could be extracted according to the relatively fixed location of lanes. In step of edge detection, we use a creative filter named Correlation filter to remove image noise and remain the feature of lane. The filter matrix looks like “[0 1 1, −1 0 1; −1 −1 0]”. Next, the candidate lines are detected by the Hough transform, then, the equations of lane are acquired by fitting spots obtained from Hough.