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Technical Paper

Experimental Study of Multiple Injections and Coupling Effects of Multi-Injection and EGR in a HD Diesel Engine

Diesel engines have to reduce emissions to satisfy future emission legislations. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of multiple injections and the combined effects of multi-injection and EGR on HD diesel engine emissions and performance. A common rail fuel injection system and high pressure EGR system based on variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) were used. Injection parameters (injection dwell and mass) were adjusted with different injection strategies (pilot-main, pilot-pilot-main, main-post and pilot-main-post) to find out the influence of these parameters on combustion and emissions. Secondly the coupling effects of multi-injection and EGR were evaluated at both high and low loads. Finally, while keeping NOx at 2.0 g/kW.h by adjusting EGR rate, the influence of injection parameters and EGR were tested to highlight their influence on smoke and BSFC.
Technical Paper

Effect of Ashless Dispersant on the Morphology, Size, Nanostructure and Graphitization Degree of Diesel Exhaust Particles

The aim of this research is to investigate the effects of ashless dispersant of lube oils on diesel exhaust particles. Emphasis is placed on particle size, morphology, nanostructure and graphitization degree. Three kinds of lube oils with different percentages of ashless dispersant were used in a two-cylinder diesel engine. Ashless dispersant (T154), which is widely used in petrochemical industry, were added into baseline oil at different blend percentages (4.0% and 8.0% by weight) to improve lubrication and cleaning performance. A high resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (HRTEM) and a Raman spectroscopy were employed to analyze and compare particle characteristics. According to the experiment results, primary particles diameter ranges from 3 nm to 65 nm, and the diameter distribution conformed to Gaussian distribution. When the ashless dispersant was used, the primary particles diameter decrease obviously at both 1600 rpm and 2200 rpm.