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Technical Paper

An Experimental Study of the Yielding Locus of a TRIP780 Steel Sheet Using a Biaxial Tensile Test

2015-04-14
2015-01-0584
The yield locus of a cold-rolled transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP780) steel sheet was investigated using a biaxial tensile test on a cruciform specimen. The effect of the key dimensions of the cruciform specimen on the calculation error and stress inhomogeneity was analyzed in detail using an orthogonal test combined with a finite element analysis. Scanning electron metallography (SEM) observations of the TRIP780 steel were performed. The yield curve of the TRIP780 steel was also calculated using the Von Mises, Hill '48, Hill '93, Barlat '89, Gotoh and Hosford yield criteria. The experimental results indicate that none of the selected yield criteria completely agree with the experimental curve. The Hill '48 and Hosford yield criteria have the largest error while the Hill '93 and Gotoh yield criteria have the smallest error.
Technical Paper

Numerical Simulation of CFRP Thin-Walled Tubes Subjected to Quasi-Static Axial Crushing

2017-03-28
2017-01-0465
Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) tube is an important material for the lightweight design of automotive structures. Simulation method of CFRP thin-walled tubes subjected to axial compression using MAT54 in LS-DYNA was investigated. Based on the two-layer shell model combined with MAT54, failure strategy and the parameters sensitivity of the model were discussed in detail. Then the simulation model was verified by using duplicate specimens comprised of carbon fiber/epoxy unidirectional prepreg tape. Furthermore, the modeling methods of crush trigger and different types of loading speed were analyzed. In addition, based on the method of equal energy absorption, energy absorption performance of thin-walled circular and square tubes made from four materials including mild steel, high strength steel, aluminum alloy and CFRP were also compared.
Technical Paper

Research and 3-Dimensional Numerical Simulation about Internal Air Transient Flow Process and Air Flow-Induced Noise of Engine Electronic Control Throttle Quick-Opening Process

2018-04-03
2018-01-0470
Based on the basic structure and operating function of engine throttle, according to the actual structure of throttle, a 3-dimensional air transient flow is simulated to realize throttle rotated from closed position to opened position by using CFD moving mesh technology and user defined program. By applying CFD and CAA coupling method, the influence of the movement of throttle on air flow and flow-induced noise process are studied, the transient opening process is studied and analyzed. The velocity field, pressure field and the principle of flow-induced noise are analyzed under different rotational angle velocity of throttle.
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